A gravity bong, also known as a GB, geebie, bucket bong, grav, geeb, yoin, jib, buckie or ghetto bong, is a method of consuming smokable substances such as cannabis. The term describes both a bucket bong and a waterfall bong, since both use air pressure and water to draw smoke. A lung uses similar equipment but instead of water draws the smoke by removing a compacted plastic bag or similar from the chamber.
The bucket bong is made out of two containers, with the larger, open top container filled with water. The smaller has an attached bowl and open bottom, and the smaller is placed into the larger. Once the bowl is lit, the operator must move the small container up, causing a pressure difference. Smoke slowly fills the small jar until the user removes the bowl and inhales the contents. A waterfall bong is made up of only one container. The container must have a bowl and a small hole near the base so the water can drain easily. As the water flows out of the container, air is forced through the bowl and causes the substance to burn and accumulate smoke in the bong.
The construction of a bucket bong (or simply a "bucket") calls for a plastic bottle (about 2 litres (0.53 US gal)), a Hex Bit Socket used as the bowl, an aerator screen cut to fit the bowl, and a large bucket or other container into which both the bottle and a sufficient amount of water will properly go. The plastic bottle's base is cut off, and the bottle's cap has a small hole in the center which will eventually hold a bowl. The screen is placed inside of the bowl. The cut nozzle is threaded into the hole outside the cap.
The cap is then packed with a smokable substance and screwed onto the bottle once it is immersed to its neck in liquid. While lighting the bowl with (preferably) a lighter or match, the bottle is gradually lifted until it is about to come out of the water or when the substance ceases burning. While the bottle is held in place, the lid is removed, the user's mouth is placed on the bottle opening, and the user inhales as the bottle is pushed back down into the water. The cause of the smoke being expelled by the bottle's movement is the rise in internal pressure, created when the water volume increases; the smoke enters the lungs in a "smoother" manner than inhaling from a joint, blunt, or bowl by itself. This will give the smoker a sudden dose with hardly any smoke lost, rather than the amount of smoke lost with joints and blunts. However, once it is burnt and raised, the smoke can simply be breathed in while suspended in the chamber, with returning the bottle into the water to create additional upward pressure during inhalation essentially a matter of preference.
Author Brian Griffin—who also wrote under a pseudonym—noted the aesthetic downside of a gravity bong to be that it looks like "something a janitor whipped up using items from his closet." Griffin also wrote that the bong is quite difficult to conceal, saying: "they can be hard to hide if civic-minded parents or parole officers plan on making visits." An author under the pseudonym Will B. High insisted that the bucket bong's existence was "indisputable evidence" that marijuana smokers were more intelligent and inventive than one might assume. I. M. Stoned, author of Weed: 420 Things You Didn't Know (or Remember) about Cannabis called the bucket bong "out of the world" and "killer sweet."
The Gravity Bong is often referred to as a "Buckie" in the Southern Hemisphere.
A waterfall bong (or reverse bucket bong) is another method of smoking. It is assembled using a large plastic bottle (preferably about 2 liter), a bung or rubber stopper, a brass cut nozzle to act as a bowl and keep the marijuana (or other herbs) from entering the bottle, and an aerator screen. Once the bottle is filled to its neck in water the lid is screwed on, removing the rubber stopper and igniting the contents of the bowl leads to draining water to cause smoke to be drawn into the bottle. The cap is removed after the water has completely drained out, allowing the user to inhale the smoke.
A lung, also known as a parachute pipe/bong and a bread bag bong, is a device similar to both a gravity bucket bong and a waterfall, but which does not use water (and therefore is more portable), instead using suction created by placing an airtight malleable object into the smoke chamber, which is withdrawn to pull smoke into the vacated space. In its crudest form, it requires only an upper chamber and a taped plastic grocery bag or similar to provide the suction. Strings are often added by solo users to assist the pulling, as the device requires to be both held upright and burned using hands, but can be raised steadily with the string (anchored) holding the bag in its original position to create the vacuum.
In the early 21st century, more sophisticated commercial smoking devices were produced for countries where cannabis was decriminalised. One example, with a flat base and a concertina-style chamber that would expand to create the suction smoke chamber and contract to force the smoke into the users lungs, and for storage, was named Bukket but more similar to a lung in its method.
Comparison to other herbal consumption methods
The bong is typically used for smoking cannabis and is generally not recommended for smoking tobacco or other herbal substances. The bong is, however, often marketed for use of tobacco, especially where marijuana smoking is illegal. The pressure created by the action of inhaling smoke into the user's lungs is very low when using a waterfall, contrary to other smoking devices, as gravity fills the chamber with smoke, creating less work for the smoker's lungs. The gravity bong differs from water pipes and water bongs in that it does not bubble the smoke through the water. Vaporizers do not produce smoke, but the inhalation process is similar. A joint can contain from 0.4 g to well over 1 g and blunts can contain up to 3 g of cannabis, while the bucket bong only uses about 0.1 to 0.3 g.
Internationally, the sale of gravity bongs is often prohibited in countries where marijuana is illegal due to its association with the herb. In the United States, under the Federal Drug Paraphernalia Statute, which is part of the Controlled Substances Act, it is illegal to sell, transport through the mail, transport across state lines, import, or export drug paraphernalia, meaning that the bong is illegal. Since California, Colorado, Washington, and several other states have legalized recreational use of the herb, gravity bongs (along with other related paraphernalia) can be legally sold to anyone over the age of 21. In countries and states where use of cannabis is illegal, some retailers insist that bongs are intended for use with tobacco in an attempt to circumvent laws against selling drug paraphernalia. While technically the term "bong" does not mean a device used for smoking mainly marijuana, drug-related connotations have been formed with the word itself (partly due to punning with Sanskrit bhangah, meaning "hemp"). Thus for fear of the law some head shops will not serve customers who use the word "bong" or "bongs", typically insisting instead on the term "water pipe".
- Stratton, Randy (2007). Build This Bong. San Francisco, California: Chronicle Publishing Company. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-8118-5582-2.
- I. M. Stoned (2009). Weed: 420 Things You Didn't Know (or Remember) about Cannabis. Avon, Massachusetts: Adams Media. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978-1-4405-0349-8.
- Phillips, Gregory (2003). Addictions And Healing In Aboriginal Country. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press for the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-85575-450-1.
- Delahunty, Brendan; Putt, Judy. "http://www.ndlerf.gov.au/pub/Monograph_15.pdf" (2006), Monograph Series No. 15. National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund. National Drug Strategy.
- Griffin, Brian (2010). The Trustafarian Handbook: A Field Guide to the Neo-Hippie Lifestyle - Funded by Mom and Dad. Avon, Massachusetts: Adams Media. pp. 60–61. ISBN 978-1-4405-0215-6.
- Will B. High (2010). Weedopedia: A Totally Dank A-Z Reefer Reference. Avon, Massachusetts: Adams Media. p. 96. ISBN 978-1-4405-0645-1.
- How To : Bongs, Frederick Foote, Lulu.com, 2011, ISBN 9780557661275
- The Bukket Bong, Namaste Vapes
- Green, Jonathon (2005). Cassell's Dictionary of Slang (2nd ed.). London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 193. ISBN 978-0-304-36636-1.
- Dalzell, Tom; Victor, Terry (2007). The Concise New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English (New ed.). London: Routledge. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-415-21259-5.
- "Marijuana Facts & Figures". Office of National Drug Control Policy. Archived from the original on May 31, 2008. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Albright, Troy; Shawkat, Nedal; Susor, Alex (Fall 2005). "Contraband: The Sale of Regulated Goods on the Internet". Georgia State University. Retrieved 2011-05-24.
- "Phoenix New Times: Head Games". Phoenixnewtimes.com. 2006-02-16.
- Stoned, I. M. (2009). Weed: 420 Things You Didn't Know (or Remember) about Cannabis. Avon, Massachusetts: Adams Media. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978-1-4405-0349-8.
- Chawla, Sandeep; Le Pichon, Thibault; Research and Analysis Section, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2006). World Drug Report 2006. Volume 1: Analysis. Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations Publications. p. 2120. ISBN 92-1-148214-3.
- Panshin, A.J.; de Zeeuw, Carl (1980). Textbook of Wood Technology: Structure, Identification, Properties, and Uses of the Commercial Woods of the United States and Canada (McGraw-Hill series in forest resources) (4th ed.). New York City: McGraw-Hill. p. 32. ISBN 9780070484412.
- Marshall, Donnie (20 March 2001). "Notice of denial of petition to reschedule marijuana". Federal Register. Drug Enforcement Administration. 66 (75): 20038–20076. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- See United States v. Angelos, 433 F.3d 738 (10th Cir. 2006) (55 years for three sales of marijuana).
- Tenser, Phil (2012-11-07). "Out-of-state money funded push to pass Amendment 64 and legalize marijuana in Colorado". The Denver Channel. E. W. Scripps Company. Archived from the original on 2014-05-29.
- "SUMMARY OF INITIATIVE 502 TO THE LEGISLATURE" (PDF). Washington State Legislature. May 16, 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- Media related to Gravity bongs at Wikimedia Commons