Gray, Georgia

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Gray, Georgia
Gray, GA Water Tower.png
Home of the annual Daylily Festival
Location in Jones County and the state of Georgia
Location in Jones County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 33°00′31″N 83°32′03″W / 33.0086°N 83.5342°W / 33.0086; -83.5342Coordinates: 33°00′31″N 83°32′03″W / 33.0086°N 83.5342°W / 33.0086; -83.5342
CountryUnited States
 • Total3.95 sq mi (10.22 km2)
 • Land3.94 sq mi (10.20 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
603 ft (183 m)
 • Total3,436
 • Density872.75/sq mi (336.93/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)478
FIPS code13-34512[2]
GNIS feature ID0327996[3]

Gray is a city in Jones County, Georgia, United States. The population was 3,276 at the 2010 census,[4] up from 1,811 at the 2000 census. The city is the county seat of Jones County.[5]

It is part of the Macon Metropolitan Area.


Gray was founded in the 1850s and named for local resident James M. Gray.[6] In 1905, the seat of Jones County was transferred to Gray.[7]


Gray is located in central Jones County at 33°00′31″N 83°32′03″W / 33.0086°N 83.5342°W / 33.0086; -83.5342.[8] U.S. Route 129 passes through the center of town, leading northeast 25 miles (40 km) to Eatonton and southwest 14 miles (23 km) to Macon. Monticello is 25 miles (40 km) to the northwest via State Route 11, Milledgeville is 19 miles (31 km) to the east via State Route 22, and Gordon is 15 miles (24 km) to the southeast via State Route 18.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Gray has a total area of 3.9 square miles (10.1 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2), or 0.34%, are water.[4] Gray is drained to the west by tributaries of Walnut Creek, flowing to the Ocmulgee River, and to the east by tributaries of Commissioner Creek, flowing to the Oconee River.


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2020 census[edit]

Gray racial composition[10]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 2,300 66.94%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 927 26.98%
Native American 8 0.23%
Asian 18 0.52%
Pacific Islander 1 0.03%
Other/Mixed 114 3.32%
Hispanic or Latino 68 1.98%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,436 people, 1,219 households, and 798 families residing in the city.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,276 people, 1,171 households, and 827 families residing in the city. There were 1,288 housing units, of which 117, or 9.1%, were vacant. The racial makeup of the city was 69.4% white, 28.1% African American, 0.1% American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% some other race, and 1.4% from two or more races. 1.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[11]

Of the 1,171 households, 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were headed by married couples living together, 20.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.0% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62, and the average family size was 3.17.[11]

In the city, 28.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.8% were from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.6 males.[11]

For the period 2012–2016, the estimated median annual income for a household was $59,722, and the median income for a family was $82,781. The per capita income for the city was $25,679. Male full-time workers had a median income of $43,162, versus $35,100 for females. 10.4% of the population and 8.6% of families were below the poverty line. 12.5% of the population under the age of 18 and 12.8% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.[12]

Government and emergency services[edit]

Gray's city council sets policy for the operations of the city, approves the city's annual budget, passes ordinances, and hears and acts on requests for zoning, rezoning, and annexation. The mayor, Ed Barbee, is the chief executive officer of the city, appoints the judge, chairs the meetings and is the chief financial officer of the city. Gray is protected by many agencies, including the Gray Volunteer Fire Department (John Eisele, Chief), Gray Police Department (Adam Lowe, Chief), Jones County Sheriff's Office (Butch Reece, Sheriff), Jones County Fire Rescue and Emergency Management (Don Graham, Director)


Jones County School District[edit]

The Jones County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of four elementary schools, two middle schools, and one high school.[13] The district has 295 full-time teachers and over 5,014 students.[14]

  • Dames Ferry Elementary School
  • Turnerwoods Elementary School
  • Gray Elementary School
  • Mattie Wells Elementary School
  • Gray Station Middle School
  • Clifton Ridge Middle School
  • Jones County High School


  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Gray city, Georgia". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 231. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  7. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 97. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved 2021-12-18.
  11. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Gray city, Georgia". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  12. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Gray city, Georgia". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  13. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 22, 2010.
  14. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 22, 2010.

External links[edit]