Grazioso da Padova
A priest, Gratiosus was active in the chapter at Padua Cathedral where a document from 1391 indicates he was custos and by 8 June 1392 mansionarius. A "Gracioso" is listed as a monk of the Abbey of Santa Giustina in 1398; whether this man is the composer is unclear, but every one of Grazioso's compositions is found in a fragment from the Abbey.
Of his output only three fragments remain, two sacred and one secular. He wrote two three-voice settings of portions of the Mass, a Gloria and a Sanctus, as well as ballata (Alta regina de virtute ornata). Stylistic characteristics – a mix of French and Italian traits – indicate he may have been acquainted with Johannes Ciconia, a northerner who spent some time in Padua during the period when Grazioso was active there. The inventiveness of his "French" Gloria was praised by Layton while the "Italian" Sanctus was criticized for a "poverty of melodic invention"; these characteristics were disputed by Cuthbert on the basis of recent discoveries of Italian Mass movements.
- Cuthbert, Michael Scott. "Trecento fragments and Polyphony beyond the Codex," (Ph.D. dissertation: Harvard University, 2006): notes that the manuscripts containing Gratiosus's work were probably completed by 1407. Cited in Prosdocimi, Lavinia. "Frammenti musicali nelle legature dei codici della Biblioteca Universitaria di Padova," in I frammenti musicali padovani tra Santa Giustina e la diffusione della musica in Europa, ed. Facchin, Francesco and Gnan, Pietro (Padua, 2011), pp. 155–82.
- Fischer, Kurt von; Gianluca D’Agostino. "Grazioso da Padova (Gratiosus de Padua)". Grove Music Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 24 January 2012. (Subscription required (. ))
- Hallmark, Anne. "Gratiosus, Ciconia, and other Musicians at Padua Cathedral," L’Ars Nova italiana del Trecento 6 (1992), 69–84
- Layton, Billy Jim. "Italian Music for the Ordinary of the Mass 1300–1450" (Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University, 1960), 118