Great Arctic State Nature Reserve
|Great Arctic State Nature Reserve|
|Большой Арктический государственный природный заповедник|
The Great Arctic Nature Reserve is one of the largest wildernesses on earth
|Location||Russian Arctic, Krasnoyarsk Krai and Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District|
The Great Arctic State Nature Reserve (Russian: Большой Арктический государственный природный заповедник) is a nature reserve in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. With an area of 41,692 square kilometers (16,097 sq mi), it is the largest reserve of Russia and Eurasia, as well as one of the largest in the world.
The Great Arctic State Nature Reserve is divided into nine sections:
- Dikson - Sibiryakov section.
- The Kara Sea Islands section, with a surface of 4,000 square kilometers (1,500 sq mi). It includes the Sergei Kirov Islands, the Voronina Island, the Izvestiy TSIK Islands, the Arkticheskiy Institut Islands, the Sverdrup Island, the Uedineniya Island and a number of smaller islands. This section represents rather fully the natural and biological diversity of Arctic Sea islands of the eastern part of the Kara Sea.
- The Pyasino section. Includes the Pyasino Gulf and the Pyasina River basin.
- The Middendorff Bay
- The Nordenskiöld Archipelago
- The Lower Taimyr section. Includes the basin of the Taimyr River (upper and lower), as well as Lake Taimyr.
- The Chelyuskin Peninsula. Includes the northern end of the Taimyr Peninsula
- The Northern Reserve (Североземельский).
- The Brekhovsky Islands Natural Reserve
Ecoregion and climate
The Great Arctic Reserve is located in the Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra ecoregion, which covers the Taymyr Peninsula in the Russian Far North. The climate is Tundra (Köppen climate classification Tundra climate (ET)). This indicates a local climate in which at least one month has an average temperature high enough to melt snow (0 °C (32 °F)), but no month with an average temperature in excess of 10 °C (50 °F).
Flora and fauna
Many animals and plants are meant to thrive within the Great Arctic State Nature Reserve without human disturbance. Among the animals that are protected by this reserve, some of the most important are the polar bear, the Arctic fox, the snowy owl, the reindeer and the beluga.
- "General Information and history". Great Arctic Nature Reserve. Archived from the original on October 8, 2007. Retrieved October 31, 2009.
- Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006. "World Map of Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification Updated" (PDF). Gebrüder Borntraeger 2006. Retrieved September 14, 2019.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Dataset - Koppen climate classifications". World Bank. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
- Wild Russia
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