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Great Britain at the 2006 Winter Paralympics

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Great Britain at the
2006 Winter Paralympics
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
IPC code GBR
NPC British Paralympic Association
Website www.paralympics.org.uk
in Turin
Competitors 20[1] in 3 sports
Medals
Ranked 17th
Gold Silver Bronze Total
0 1 0 1
Winter Paralympics appearances

Great Britain competed at the 2006 Winter Paralympics in Turin, Italy. The team was able to be made up of athletes from the whole United Kingdom; athletes from Northern Ireland, who elected to hold Irish citizenship under the pre-1999 article 2 of the Irish constitution, were eligible to represent either Great Britain or Ireland at the Paralympics.[2] However no Northern Irish athletes took part in the Winter Paralympics for either team until 2010 in Vancouver.[3] All competitors had disabilities that were organised into one of five Paralympic categories for the Games.

Great Britain entered a total of twenty athletes at the Games; three individuals in alpine skiing and teams of twelve athletes in ice sledge hockey and five athletes in wheelchair curling. The team won a single silver medal, in the debut sport of wheelchair curling, and finished seventeenth in the medal table.[1][4] In addition to the medal there were top ten finishes from Sean Rose and Liz Miller, in alpine skiing, and the ice sledge hockey team.

Medallists[edit]

Great Britain placed seventeenth in the medal table with a single silver medal and zero gold or bronze medals.[4] The following British athletes won medals at the Games.[5] In the 'by discipline' sections below, medallists' names are in bold.

Medal Name Sport Event
 Silver Duffy, FrankFrank Duffy
Dickson, KenKen Dickson
Killin, TomTom Killin
Malone, AngieAngie Malone
McCreadie, MichaelMichael McCreadie
Wheelchair curling Mixed team

Disability classification[edit]

Every participant at the Paralympics has their disability grouped into one of five disability categories; amputation, the condition may be congenital or sustained through injury or illness; cerebral palsy; wheelchair athletes, there is often overlap between this and other categories; visual impairment, including blindness; Les autres, any physical disability that does not fall strictly under one of the other categories, for example dwarfism or multiple sclerosis.[6][7] Each Paralympic sport then has its own classifications, dependent upon the specific physical demands of competition. Events are given a code, made of numbers and letters, describing the type of event and classification of the athletes competing. Events with "B" in the code are for athletes with visual impairment, codes LW1 to LW9 are for athletes who stand to compete and LW10 to LW12 are for athletes who compete sitting down. For the 2006 Paralympics alpine skiing events grouped athletes in to sitting, standing and visually impaired.[8] Wheelchair curling, making its first appearance at the Games in 2006, was open to athletes with a physical disability in the lower part of the body that required the everyday use of a wheelchair. Stones may be played by hand while leaning over the side of the wheelchair, or pushed by a delivery stick.[9]

Alpine skiing[edit]

Britain entered three skiers, two men and one woman, into the Games. Russell Docker, one of only two athletes to have competed for Britain at the 2002 Winter Paralympics, appeared in his second Games, this time in sitting events having switched to the use of a monoski. Sean Rose, also a sit-skier, and Liz Miller, a standing skier who uses a prosthetic leg, were the other British participants. The three athletes were members of the British Adaptive Ski Team, which is run by national ski charity Disability Snowsport UK.[1] Each of the three skiers raced in four events in their respective categories; downhill, giant slalom, slalom and Super-G. Rose had the highest finish of the three; he placed sixth in the men's sitting downhill, 0.7 seconds outside of the medal positions. Russell Docker crashed in the same event and did not finish.[10] Docker also failed to finish in the slalom, as did Rose in the giant slalom. Miller completed the course in each of her events with a best finish of tenth in the downhill.

Calculated time

To ensure a fair event when athletes with differing disabilities compete, times achieved are sometimes modified by a factor percentage, to produce a result known as "Calculated Time". It is this time that decides the result of the races.[11] Actual times recorded are also listed.

Athlete Event Time Calculated time Rank
Russell Docker Downhill sitting Did not finish
Giant slalom sitting 2:31.53 2:09.89 29
Slalom sitting Did not finish
Super-G sitting 1:37.20 1:21.96 23
Sean Rose Downhill sitting 1:39.96 1:22.71 6
Giant slalom sitting Did not finish
Slalom sitting 2:16.00 1:43.92 21
Super-G sitting 1:38.26 1:21.65 22
Women
Athlete Event Time Calculated time Rank
Liz Miller Downhill standing 1:40.44 1:40.19 10
Giant slalom standing 2:14.44 2:13.46 14
Slalom standing 1:51.73 1:50.66 17
Super-G standing 1:29.64 1:29.20 16

Ice sledge hockey[edit]

Britain's ice sledge hockey team took the final qualification spot for the Games by winning the qualifying tournament in Italy in November 2005. The team of twelve athletes included Stephen Thomas who had previously participated in Summer Paralympic sailing. Goalkeeper Gary Vaughan was named in the initial squad but was unable to complete due a high blood pressure condition and was replaced by Matt Lloyd.[12] Britain competed in pool B alongside teams from Canada, Italy and Norway.[13] Having suffered heavy defeats in their first two matches the team beat hosts Italy in their final pool match to finish third in the group.[10][14][15] In the classification rounds they lost to Sweden before beating Italy again to finish in seventh position.[16]

Squad list[17] Pool B Classification semifinal 7th place game Rank
Opposition
Result
Rank
Simon Berry
Mark Briggs
Gary Farmer
David French
Matt Lloyd
Karl Nicholson
Philip Saunders
Nathan Stephens
Stephen Thomas
Ian Warner
Richard Whitehead
Russell Willey
 Canada
L 0–9
3  Sweden
L 0–3
 Italy
W 2–1
7
 Norway
L 0–6
 Italy
W 2–1

Wheelchair curling[edit]

The British wheelchair curling team was made up of Frank Duffy the skip, Ken Dickson, Tom Killin, Angie Malone and Michael McCreadie. This was the same team that had won the World Championships in January 2005 in Glasgow, all but Killin had also won the 2004 World Championships, and many considered them strong contenders for a medal.[18][19] Although this was the first time wheelchair curling had been included as a Paralympic sport the team did have previous Games experience. Michael McCreadie, who made his first Paralympics appearance in 1972, was competing in his sixth Paralympics and had previously won two bronze medals for Lawn Bowls in the 1976 Summer Paralympics. Tom Killin was a previous silver medallist in wheelchair fencing at the 1980 Summer Games.[19][20] The team received the same preparation as Great Britain's Olympic Curlers; funding came from the National Lottery as well as the Scottish Institute of Sport. The team's coach, Tom Pendreigh, was also personal coach of the men's Olympic skip David Murdoch.[19]

Paralympic wheelchair curling is played according to the rules of the World Curling Federation, the only modification is that there is no sweeping.[9] The sport was open to both male and female athletes who competed in mixed teams, with a requirement that each team had at least one member of each sex. The format was a round-robin tournament; each nation played all others in a group stage with the top four qualifying for medal playoffs. Britain won their group games against the teams from Denmark, Sweden, Italy and the United States, and lost the matches against Switzerland, Norway and Canada. Their record of four wins and three loses meant they finished the group stage in second place and advanced directly to the medal rounds. In the first end of the semifinal, against Sweden, Britain stole three and went on to win the match 7–3. In the final the team faced Canada. Trailing 6–3 in the final end skip Frank Duffy had an opportunity, with the last stone of the tournament for an open hit of a Canadian stone. If successful he would have scored four for Britain and won them the gold medal but he threw too hard and the shot tracked an inch wide. This meant that Canada scored one to win 7–4, leaving the British team as silver medallists.[21]

Squad list Round robin Tie-breaker Semifinal Final Rank
Opposition
Result
[21]
Rank

Frank Duffy
Ken Dickson
Tom Killin
Angela Malone
Michael McCreadie

 Switzerland
L 3–4
2 N/A  Sweden
W 7–3
 Canada
L 4–7
Silver medal icon.svg
 Denmark
W 5–3
 Norway
L 6–7
 Sweden
W 7–2
 Italy
W 5–3
 Canada
L 6–7
 United States
W 5–2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b c "Turin welcomes Winter Paralympics". BBC Sport. 10 March 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  2. ^ "Full text of the constitution" (PDF). Department of the Taoiseach. Retrieved 15 April 2010.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  3. ^ "NI skier Kelly Gallagher named in GB Paralympic team". BBC Sport. 3 February 2010. Retrieved 4 March 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "Winter Paralympic Games Medal Tables 1976–2006". British Paralympic Association. Retrieved 20 April 2010.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  5. ^ "2010 Team handbook and guide". British Paralympic Association. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2010.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  6. ^ "Paralympics categories explained". ABC. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  7. ^ "Making sense of the categories". BBC Sport. 6 October 2000. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  8. ^ "Sport Profiles, Alpine Skiing". Australian Paralympic Committee. Archived from the original on September 12, 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2010.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  9. ^ a b "Sport Profiles, Wheelchair Curling". Australian Paralympic Committee. Archived from the original on 17 February 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2010.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  10. ^ a b "Rose blooms on Paralympics debut". BBC Sport. 12 March 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  11. ^ "About the sport". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 16 April 2010. 
  12. ^ "Britain's Ice Sledge Hockey team lose key player for the Paralympic Winter Games in Turin.". ParalympicsGB. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  13. ^ "Sledge hockey side get Turin nod". BBC Sport. 12 January 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  14. ^ "GB hockey team thrashed by Canada". BBC Sport. 11 March 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  15. ^ "Turin 2006". ParalympicsGB. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  16. ^ "Curlers secure Turin final place". BBC Sport. 17 March 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  17. ^ "Results Torino 2006 Paralympic Winter Games Ice Sledge Hockey Men". International Paralympic Committee. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2010. 
  18. ^ British Paralympic Committee (30 October 2005). "GB announces strong curling team for Winter Paralympic Games". British Wheelchair Curling Association. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  19. ^ a b c Doug Gillon (28 February 2006). "Ready, willing and able quintet curling for gold Scottish rink are GB's strongest medal contenders at Paralympics, says Doug Gillon". The Herald. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  20. ^ "New beginnings". BBC Sport. 9 March 2006. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  21. ^ a b "Canada take GOLD at Torino Paralympics". wheelchaircurling.com. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 

External links[edit]