Church of St John the Baptist, Great Carlton
|OS grid reference|
|• London||125 mi (201 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Great Carlton is a village and civil parish in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 136. It is situated 5 miles (8.0 km) southeast from the market town of Louth, Lincolnshire.
Great Carlton is listed in the 1086 Domesday Book as "Magna Carleton". The name Carlton derives from the Old English 'Ceorlatun' meaning "the village of the free peasants", from the word 'ceorl' meaning "free peasant". There was a market granted to Great Carlton in 1275.
The parish church is dedicated to Saint John the Baptist, and was largely rebuilt in 1861 by James Fowler in 13th-century style, although it retains its 15th-century Perpendicular tower. It is a Grade II listed building.
A notable land owner and freeman of Great Carlton was George Smith, father of Captain John Smith (1580–1631); the same John Smith who acquired great fame as President of the Virginia Company at Jamestown in North America. John Smith was likely born in this village on his father's farm, but his parents (mother Alice Rickard) had to travel south to St. Helena's Parish Church in Willoughby by Alford for his infant baptism on Saturday, 9 Jan 1580. George leased other property from Lord Willoughby de Eresby. Alice Rickard Smith descended from the Rickards of Great Heck, South Yorkshire.
Great Carlton Church of England School was founded in 1716 as Great Carlton Free School. It later became a National School, and by 1906 it was known as Great Carlton School. It closed in the summer of 1976.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
- "Lincs To The Past". Great Carlton village. Lincolnshire Archives. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
- "Church of St. John the Baptist, Great Carlton". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
- "Lincs To The Past". St John the Baptist Church Great Carlton. Lincolnshire Archives. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
- Barbour, Philip L: The Three Worlds of Captain John Smith, pp. 3–4. Houghton Mifflin Company Boston, 1964.
- "Lychgate to Church of St. John the Baptist, Great Carlton". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
- "Lincs To The Past". Great Carlton CE School. Lincolnshire Archives. Retrieved 5 June 2011.