Great Chart village sign
Great Chart shown within Kent
|Area||13.31 km2 (5.14 sq mi)|
|Population||6,801 (Civil Parish)|
|– density||511/km2 (1,320/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Great Chart with Singleton|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Great Chart is a village in civil parish of Great Chart with Singleton in the Ashford Borough of Kent, England. The parish is split between the ancient village of Great Chart and the modern Singleton neighbourhood on the western outskirts of Ashford. The village centre of Great Chart is 2 miles (3.2 km) from the town centre.
Great Chart is first mentioned in 762 as Seleberhtes Cert, a Jutish name. It is also known that at this year, the village was operating a mechanical water mill, the first water mill to be recorded in Britain. A charter first mentions Seleberhtes Cert when recording that King Ethelberht II (of Kent) exchanged half the use of the successfully operating mill for some pasture in the Weald.
In 776 Great Chart's manor, the village, its lands and much of its produce were sold by King Egbert (Ethelberht's successor) to Archbishop Jænberht of Canterbury to raise finances for a Kentish army - to rebel against King Offa of Mercia. In that year there was a great battle between Mercians and Kentish men at Otford as, apparently, a red cross appeared in the sky.
For nine years after this battle Egbert held Kent, but ultimately Offa took control and retrieved Great Chart and its lands from Canterbury dividing them up among his followers. After Offa died in 796 his successor Coenwulf of Mercia decided to reinstate properties, including Great Chart, back to the ownership of Canterbury. This ownership continued for hundreds of years through the Norman Conquest - the Domesday Book entry for Certh (Great Chart) makes clear that it was still in the possession of the Archbishop of Canterbury and had two mills, a salt-pit, feeding ground for a hundred hogs, and a population of fifty-two - up to the advent of Henry VIII when between 1536 and 1539 he dissolved all monasteries. He confiscated Great Chart and its lands from the priory but soon reinstated them to his new Protestant Dean and Chapter in whose administration they remained until Victorian times (though in a map of the area from 1621 the lands are still attributed to 'Christ Churche', referring to Christ Church in Canterbury). On a map made of the Chart and Longbridge Hundred in 1559, the village was named Charte Magna.
Great Chart is a largely agricultural village with the farms in the area producing cereals and grass for cattle and sheep. The north-east quarter contains most of the housing in alike construction 20th and 21st century neighbourhoods. A cluster of listed buildings is in the old centre of Great Chart, along the main road in the village (the Street). The area drains via many streams and underwater drainage to the West Stour along the northern boundary before its merger into the Great Stour in Ashford.
Great Chart has two pubs: A food led pub, The Swan and Dog and The Hoodener's Horse which serves a great pint.
A cricket club with competing elevens (XIs), including colts sides have a ground and pavilion in the village.
The medieval parish church is of an ecclesiastical parish on the same boundaries and is dedicated to St Mary; its community in Singleton is larger than that in the church at meetings in the village hall.
Cross-village sports clubs, gardening clubs and social circles cover the area.
A short taxi ride or bus journey connects the borough with national and international rail, with Ashford International railway station in the nearest town centre.
The civil parish is bisected by numerous footpaths and one A road, which veers from heading south into a western direction, the A28 road, which is not dual carriageway. A straight, relatively low speed, railway line - a part of South Eastern Main Line between Pluckley and Ashford - marks off the north quarter the parish. The A28 connects the village with junction 9 of the M20 motorway in Ashford.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Great Chart.|
- Parish Council notes Ashford Borough Council.
- St Mary's, Great Chart
- Village history academic blog from 762 AD
- Great Chart Cricket Club
- Geograph accepted photographs
- Statistical overview of civil parish - map
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 10 May 2014
- "The Great Chart Millennium Sign and the Early History of the Village". Prof David Hall. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- "A village design statement for Great Chart" (PDF). Ashford Borough Council. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- OS Map with Listed Buildings and Parks marked