Great Denham is on the banks of River Great Ouse, in a loop carved out by the river flow. It has evidence of Neolithic settlement as well as Roman and Saxon presence in the form of coins, pottery and other implements.
By the 7th century, the Great Denham area had been absorbed into the Saxon kingdom of Mercia. In 886 the Saxons and Vikings fixed a formal boundary between them, along the rivers Thames, Lea and Great Ouse. Great Denham was thus on the border between the Danelaw and Saxon England, which remained hostile adversaries. England was eventually united as one kingdom. St James Church, just over the border of Great Denham in the neighbouring village of Biddenham, was first constructed in the Norman period.
The Great Denham loop of the river remained undeveloped farmland until the Bedford Golf Course was built in the 1990s, together with a 'golf village', with all roads named after golf courses. It was part of Biddenham parish until April 2007, when the new Parish of Great Denham was created. It covers around 3 km².
There is a small parade of shops on Anglia Way which includes Sainsbury's Local supermarket, a fish and chip shop, a beauty salon, a charity shop, The Eatery cafe, Taylors estate agents, off licence with a post office and a toy & craft store. There is a GP surgery located in Kingswood Way, and a Community Hall on Saxon Way. There is currently no pub, but the golf club has facilities such as a bar. The Ouse Valley Way footpath runs through the village. A new bridge across the Great Ouse opened in 2010 which connects the village with Kempston.
New housing estates are being constructed directly to the south of Great Denham. The developments are expected to ultimately include 1,500 new homes, a community hall, country park, shops, offices and a sports pavilion.Great Denham Primary School opened as part of the development in September 2012.
Great Denham Parish Council was created in April 2007 and currently has five members elected every four years. The village is represented on the Borough Council by Mark Smith.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- "Great Denham Primary School". Greatdenhamprimary.org.uk. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
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