Great Eastern Hotel, London
|Andaz London Liverpool Street|
|Former names||Great Eastern Hotel|
|Location||Liverpool Street, London, England|
|Owner||Hyatt Hotels Corporation|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Edward Middleton Barry, Charles Barry, Jr.|
|Number of rooms||267|
|Number of suites||15|
|Number of restaurants||5|
Andaz London Liverpool Street is a hotel in central London, situated immediately south of Liverpool Street station, which was built as the Great Eastern Hotel in 1884. The building underwent extensive renovation and expansion between 1899 and 1901, and again in 2000, when it was co-owned by Terence Conran. Hyatt has owned the hotel since 2006, operating it under their Andaz brand.
The Victorian building that houses the hotel is built on the site of England’s first hospital for the mentally ill - the Bethlehem Royal Hospital, which opened in 1247 and was often pronounced as ‘bedlam’. Before a major refurbishment of the hotel in the 1990s, a plaque mentioning this historical point was visible near the main entrance to the hotel. 
The hotel was designed by the brothers Charles Barry, Jr. and Edward Middleton Barry. An additional section, the Abercorn Rooms, was added a decade later by Robert William Edis. The hotel's clientele included business people who could avoid City traffic by staying near the railway station. A daily supply of fresh sea water for bathing was brought by train. The building is notable also for its inclusion of two Masonic Temples—an Egyptian temple in the basement and a Grecian temple on the first floor. Caledonian Lodge 134, a lodge of Scottish Masons, met at the Eastern from 1920 to 1947.
By the second half of the twentieth century it was felt that the hotel was due for refurbishment, and, following the redesign and improvement of the station in the 1980s, it was expected that an investor would be found to accomplish a similar task with the adjacent hotel. The Manser Practice, who had already achieved success by renovating the area at London Heathrow Airport, were awarded the refurbishment contract in 1996. They created a new lobby by removing several existing guest rooms, and increased the capacity to 267 rooms by reusing attic space. Their design was informed by the practice of daylighting, which was realised by providing a lightwell in the ceiling of the lobby, one in the main dining room, and as many views of London as possible in the bedrooms.
The building (including the Abercorn Rooms) is built of red brick, "with stucco and stone ground floor and dressings in a mildly classical style".Of the 267 rooms, 15 are suites. Seven bars and restaurants are available on property, as well as a fitness center and steam room.
The Great Eastern is where vampire hunter Abraham Van Helsing stays during his first visit to London in Bram Stoker's Gothic horror novel Dracula. The narrator of W. G. Sebald's Austerlitz meets the titular character in the bar of the Great Eastern, after a two-decade separation; Austerlitz recounts details of the building including the Grecian temple.
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