Great Elm

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the landmark tree in Boston Common, see Boston Common.
Great Elm
St. Mary, Great Elm - geograph.org.uk - 209262.jpg
Church of St Mary Magdalene, Great Elm
Stone two arch bridge over water
Bridge over Mells River
Great Elm is located in Somerset
Great Elm
Great Elm
Great Elm shown within Somerset
Population 171 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST745495
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town FROME
Postcode district BA11 0
Dialling code 01373
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
SomersetCoordinates: 51°14′28″N 2°21′47″W / 51.2410°N 2.3630°W / 51.2410; -2.3630

Great Elm is a village and civil parish between Mells and Frome in the Mendip district of Somerset, England. The parish includes the hamlet of Hapsford.

History[edit]

The name Great Elm was recorded as Telma in the Domesday Book of 1086, and then as Teames in 1236 which is a contraction of aet elm at the elm tree. Little Elm developed into the village of Chantry.[2]

At Tedbury Camp southwest of the village a pot of Roman coins was dug up in 1961.[2]

After the Norman Conquest the manor was held by the Giffards and later by the Hidges family and then the Stracheys.[2]

The parish was part of the hundred of Frome.[3]

For many years in the 18th and 19th centuries Great Elm was the site of water powered mills owned by James Fussell IV.[4]

The Stracheys owned Rock House for a period early in the 20th century. Rock House is now home to Great Elm Physick Garden Ltd, which has produced organic herbal skincare there since 2006. The land at Rock House is registered as organic by the Soil Association.

Hapsford House on Hapsford Hill is a 19th-century country house.[5]

The Jackdaws Music Education Trust has been based in the village since 1993.

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Mendip, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Frome Rural District,[6] which is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Somerton and Frome county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Geography[edit]

The village lies above the Mells River in the Mendip Hills.

Vallis Vale is a biological and geological Site of Special Scientific Interest which includes an ancient woodland and exposes some of Britain’s most classic rock outcrops, exhibiting several of the most easily demonstrated examples of angular unconformity available.[7]

Transport[edit]

The Macmillan Way long-distance path passes through the village, the Mendip Way passes by on the far side of the river, and the village is just off the Colliers Way, National Cycle Route 24.

The parish is crossed by the Mendip Rail railway line which carries aggregate trains from the Quarries of the Mendip Hills. On 6 October 2008 a freight train was hit from behind by a runaway train near Great Elm on the private line from Whatley Quarry. There were no serious injuries.[8][9]

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of St Mary Magdalene dates from the 12th century and is a Grade I listed building.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Great Elm Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The Complete Guide. Dovecote Press. p. 109. ISBN 1-874336-26-1. 
  3. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 8 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Thornes, Robin (2010). Men of iron. The Fussells of Mells. Frome Society for Local Study. ISBN 978-0-9565869-1-9. 
  5. ^ "Hapsford House". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 11 January 2009. 
  6. ^ "Frome RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  7. ^ English Nature citation sheet for Vallis Vale . Retrieved 10 August 2006.
  8. ^ "Investigations underway after train crash". Somerset Standard newspaper. 
  9. ^ "Crash could have been caused by brake failure". Somerset Standard newspaper. 
  10. ^ "Church of St Mary Magdalene". Images of England. Retrieved 25 November 2006. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Great Elm at Wikimedia Commons