Great Frost of 1683–84
The Great Frost of 1683–84 was a frost across England, reported as the worst in its history. During the Frost, the surface of the River Thames was reported as frozen to the depth of one foot. The Great Frost enabled the first River Thames frost fair. Entertainment on the frozen Thames as result of the Great Frost began the career of Chipperfield's Circus. A Great Frost Fair was also held in Leeds, when the River Aire froze solid for a month allowing a fair with an ox-roast and sports to take place, as described by Ralph Thoresby.
- Williams, Rob (17 November 2013). "The 10 worst British winters ever - 1. The winter of 1684". The Independent. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
- Ian Sansom (15 May 2010). "Great dynasties of the world: The Chipperfields". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
- Mitchell, W. R. (2000). A History of Leeds. Chichester: Phillimore. p. 52. ISBN 1 86077 130 0.
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