Great Gidding

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Great Gidding
Great Gidding is located in Cambridgeshire
Great Gidding
Great Gidding
Great Gidding shown within Cambridgeshire
Population 363 (2011)
OS grid reference TL117830
Civil parish
  • Great Gidding
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HUNTINGDON
Postcode district PE28
Dialling code 01832
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°26′02″N 0°21′29″W / 52.434°N 0.358°W / 52.434; -0.358Coordinates: 52°26′02″N 0°21′29″W / 52.434°N 0.358°W / 52.434; -0.358
Obtained from the vision of Britain website

Great Gidding is a village and civil parish in the Huntingdonshire district of Cambridgeshire, England.[1]

Great Gidding lies approximately 10 miles (16 km) north-west of Huntingdon. The village has a Church of England primary school, playing field, corner shop, village hall and several local businesses. There is one pub in the village, The Fox and Hounds. Surrounding towns and cities are Huntingdon, Oundle and Peterborough.

In 1870 Great Gidding was described as follows:

"GIDDING (Great), a parish in the district of Oundle and county of Huntingdon; on Alconbury brook, adjacent to Northamptonshire, 6 miles SW by S of Stilton, and 6½ SW of Holme r. station. Post town, Hamerton, under St."[2]

At the 2011 Census, the parish had a population of 363.[3]

History[edit]

Great Gidding was listed as as Geddinge, Gedelinge and Redinges in the Domesday Book in the Hundred of Leightonstone in Huntingdonshire.[4] The village contained three manors and 40.5 households.[5]

On 10 June 1944, the US 8th Air Force was sent in a Flying Fortress called Bam Bam from RAF Molesworth to Nantes to shut down the German airfield there. Bam Bam had already done 42 missions and the crew reported strong smell of fuel inside however they were told to continue in air they reported to control that the smell was getting constantly worse and wanted to return. Soon after, it exploded 1/4 of a mile SW of Great Gidding. Six out of the ten aircrew died and four survived. Due to the controversy that the crew raised concerns but were ordered to fly, this was kept a secret for 70 years until 2014[6]

Government[edit]

Great Gidding has a parish council consisting of six councillors.[7] The second tier of local government is Huntingdonshire District Council. Great Gidding is part of Sawtry ward and returns two councillors to the council..[8][9] District councillors serve for four-year terms following elections to Huntingdonshire District Council. The village's highest tier of local government is Cambridgeshire County Council. Great Gidding is part of the electoral division of Sawtry and Ellington[8] and is represented on the county council by one councillor.[10]

At Westminster Great Gidding is in the parliamentary constituency of North West Cambridgeshire,[8] and has been represented in the House of Commons by Shailesh Vara (Conservative) since 2005.For the European Parliament Great Gidding is part of the East of England constituency.

Great Gidding was in the historic and administrative county of Huntingdonshire until 1965. From 1965, the village was part of the new administrative county of Huntingdon and Peterborough. Then in 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972, Great Gidding became a part of the county of Cambridgeshire.

Geography[edit]

The village is near the Alconbury brook, which has a course of about 13 miles, rising near Lullington and joining the Ouse at Huntingdon. "The normal level of the Alconbury Brook at Hamerton in average weather conditions is between 1.05m and 1.87m."

Demography[edit]

Population[edit]

In the period 1801 to 1901 the population of Great Gidding was recorded every ten years by the UK census. During this time the population was in the range of 337 (the lowest was in 1901) and 563 (the highest was in 1851).[11]

From 1901, a census was taken every ten years with the exception of 1941 (due to the Second World War).

Parish
1911
1921
1931
1951
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001
2011
Great Gidding 313 271 274 252 239 209 297 304 304 363

All population census figures from report Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire to 2011 by Cambridgeshire Insight.[11]

In 2011, the parish covered an area of 2,330 acres (943 hectares)[11] and so the population density for Great Gidding in 2011 was 92.8 persons per square mile (35.8 per square kilometre).

Total Population of Great Gidding civil parish hungtingdonshire as reported by the Census of Population from 1801–2011

In 1881, most workers were male and working in agriculture in comparison with the majority of women working in unknown category.[12]

Occupations of Great Gidding residents (1881)

In the 2011 census, 195 people were employed: 38 worked in associate professional and technical occupations; 35 were managers, directors and senior officials; 34 were professionals; 23 were in the administrative sector; 10 were in elementary positions; six were in sales.[13]

Age structure[edit]

Through comparing census data of both 2001 and 2011 we can see that in 2011 there were fewer young people but more old people. This is seen as in 2011 there were 101 people over 60 while 2001 had 73. In 2001 117 people were 29 and below while 2011 had only 106 people.[14] Therefore, the mean age is different because in 2011 its 42.7 while 2001 was 37.57[15] This also gives further evidence to the current ageing population of the country

Marital and civil partnership status[edit]

In 2001 the large majority 173 out of 277 people were married, remarried or technically still married. 53 were widowed or divorced and 51 are single (never married).[16] In 2011 however there was the added option of same-sex civil partnerships. Of this 4 out of the 304 people were in a same-sex civil partnership and 56.9% were married and 7 technically married. 24.7% were single (never married) while 45 people where divorced or widowed respectively.[17]

Religion[edit]

In 2001, the village was 73% Christian and 11.6% no religion, with five people who identified as Hindu. In 2011, the village was 63% Christian and 21.5% no religion, with five Hindus, five Jews, four Muslims, and two Buddhists.[18][19]

Culture and community[edit]

In 2002 a small wood was planted in the northeast of the village with public access via a path to celebrate the Queen's Golden Jubilee. It has a range of trees including oak and ash.[20]

Education[edit]

The only school in Great Gidding is St Michael School. It has a "holistic approach" to educating children ".[21] The school is next to the church and was founded in 1845 by the Church of England but there is evidence of a school since 1750. In the past the role of headmaster went through families; for example, both Benjamin Horsford and his son Cornelius were headmasters from 1754.[22] In 1944 the local education authority took over control but the school still has very strong links with the church for events such as Harvest and Easter.[22]

Transport[edit]

Public transport to Great Gidding consists of one bus a week to Oundle and Huntingdon and one a month to Peterborough.67.6% of residents do not use the public buses.[23] The main road is the B660.

Religious sites[edit]

The main church is called St. Michael. It has been recorded in historical reports since the 13th century, although it is not mentioned in the Domesday Book. The current vicar is Mary Jepp. After being in poor condition it was restored in 1870,and again in 1925. There are five bells at St Michael and many stained-glass windows as well as weathered gargoyles.[24] It also contains a war memorial in the form of a stone plaque for the fallen, listing 36 names for World War I and 37 for World War II.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 142 Peterborough (Market Deeping & Chatteris) (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2012. ISBN 9780319229248. 
  2. ^ Wilson, John Marius (c. 1870). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullerton & Co. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  3. ^ "Great Gidding (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  4. ^ Dr Ann Williams, Professor G.H. Martin, eds. (1992). Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin Books. p. 1349. ISBN 0-141-00523-8. 
  5. ^ Professor J.J.N. Palmer, University of Hull. "Open Domesday: Place – Great Gidding". www.opendomesday.org. Anna Powell-Smith. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  6. ^ Ellis, Patrick. "UPDATED – WWII Air crash – B17 'Bam Bam' Crew Memory Honoured". The giddings. Great Gidding. Retrieved 26 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "The Giddings Parish Council: Parish Council". www.thegiddings.org.uk. The Giddings Parish Council. Retrieved 6 February 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c "Ordnance Survey Election Maps". www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  9. ^ "Huntingdonshire District Council: Councillors". www.huntingdonshire.gov.uk. Huntingdonshire District Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  10. ^ "Cambridgeshire County Council: Councillors". www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Cambridgeshire County Council. Retrieved 15 February 2016. 
  11. ^ a b c "Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire to 2011" (xlsx – download). www.cambridgeshireinsight.org.uk. Cambridgeshire Insight. Retrieved 12 February 2016. 
  12. ^ "Occupations". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  13. ^ "Occupations 2011". Office for national statistics. Office for national statistics. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  14. ^ "Age structure 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  15. ^ "Age structure 2001". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  16. ^ "Marital status 2001". Office for national statistics. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  17. ^ "Marital and Civil Partnership Status 2011". Office for national statistics. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  18. ^ "Religion 2011". Office for national statistics. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  19. ^ "Religion 2001". Office for national statistics. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  20. ^ Trolove, Michael. "Jubilee Wood". The Giddings. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  21. ^ Chambers, Alex. "About us". Retrieved 1 March 2015. 
  22. ^ a b Ellis, Patrick. "History of Great Gidding". Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  23. ^ The Giddings. "Great Gidding Post Office" (PDF). Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
  24. ^ a b Peel, Robin. "PARISH CHURCHES IN AND AROUND PETERBOROUGH". Retrieved 1 March 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Great Gidding at Wikimedia Commons