Great Indonesia Movement Party
|General Chairman||Prabowo Subianto|
|Founded||6 February 2008|
|Youth wing||TIDAR (Great Indonesia Bud)|
|Women's wing||PIRA (Great Indonesia Women)|
|Muslim wing||GEMIRA (Great Indonesia Muslim Movement)|
|Christian wing||GEKIRA (Great Indonesia Christian Movement)|
|Hindu-Buddhist wing||GEMA SADHANA (Sanathana Dharma Nusantara Society Movement)|
78 / 560
|Provincial DPRD seats|
288 / 2,207
The Great Indonesia Movement Party (Indonesian: Partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya, Gerindra) is a political party in Indonesia. Formed in 2008, Gerindra serves as the political vehicle of former general Prabowo Subianto. It is presently the third-largest party in the House of Representatives, where it has 78 seats. Gerindra had positioned itself as an opposition party, but in 2019 it joined President Joko Widodo's Onward Indonesia Cabinet, despite Prabowo having run against Widodo in Indonesia's 2014 and 2019 presidential elections.
After coming last in Golkar's presidential convention on 21 April 2004, Prabowo served as a member of Golkar's Advisory Board until his resignation on 12 July 2008. Gerindra was formed on 6 February 2008 at the suggestion of Prabowo's younger brother, Hashim Djojohadikusumo, who helped pay for party's prime-time TV advertising campaign. Prabowo was appointed chairman of the party's Founding Board.
Gerindra's provincial level election teams were formed in February 2009. The party then claimed a membership of approximately 15 million, with its support base coming from across Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi.
In the national legislative election on 9 April 2014, the party's vote share jumped to 11.8%, making it the third-most popular party in Indonesia. Gerindra almost trebled the number of seats it won from 26 seats in 2009 to 73 seats in 2014.
Following the death of Gerindra chairman Suhardi on 28 August 2014, Prabowo was appointed general chairman on 20 September 2014.
Gerindra follows a populist nationalist economic platform, targeting the lower middle class such as farmers and fishers, although its supporters in the 2014 general election were disproportionately urban dwellers.
In November 2019, Gerindra deputy chairman Fadli Zon said the party firmly rejects lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people. Gerindra's Twitter account said the party supports early efforts to prevent LGBT in the community and schools, by involving religious leaders and health experts.
Gerindra's wing organizations include:
- TIDAR (Tunas Indonesia Raya, Great Indonesia Bud)
- PIRA (Perempuan Indonesia Raya, Great Indonesia Woman)
- GEMIRA (Gerakan Muslim Indonesia Raya, Great Indonesia Muslim Movement)
- GEKIRA (Gerakan Kristiani Indonesia Raya, Great Indonesia Christian Movement); formerly named KIRA (Kristen Indonesia Raya, Great Indonesia Christians).
- GEMA SADHANA (Gerakan Masyarakat Sanathana Dharma Nusantara, Sanathana Dharma Nusantara Society Movement); for Hindus and Buddhists.
- PETIR (Persatuan Tionghoa Indonesia Raya, Great Indonesia Chinese Association)
Legislative election results
|Election||Ballot number||Total seats won||Total votes||Share of votes||Outcome of election||Party leader|
26 / 560
|4,642,795||4.46%||26 seats, Opposition||Prabowo Subianto (Founding board chair)|
Suhardi (General chair)
73 / 560
|14,760,371||11.81%||47 seats, Opposition||Prabowo Subianto (Founding board chair)|
Suhardi (General chair)
78 / 575
|17,594,839||12.57%||5 seats, Opposition (until 2019)
Governing Coalition (after 2019)
Presidential election results
|Election||Ballot number||Pres. candidate||Running mate||1st round
|Share of votes||Outcome||2nd round
|Share of votes||Outcome|
|2009||1||Megawati Sukarnoputri||Prabowo Subianto||32,548,105||26.79%||Lost N|
|2014||1||Prabowo Subianto||Hatta Rajasa||62,576,444||46.85%||Lost N|
|2019||02||Prabowo Subianto||Sandiaga Uno||68,650,239||44.50%||Lost N|
Note: Bold text suggests the party's member, or a former member who was still active in the party by the time of his nomination.
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