Great Kills Park

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Great Kills Park
Beach Great Kills Park.JPG
TypeUrban park
LocationStaten Island in New York City, New York, United States
Coordinates40°32′40″N 74°7′30″W / 40.54444°N 74.12500°W / 40.54444; -74.12500Coordinates: 40°32′40″N 74°7′30″W / 40.54444°N 74.12500°W / 40.54444; -74.12500
Area580 acres (230 ha)
Created1949
Operated byNational Park Service
StatusOpen all year. Part of park is closed for decontamination.

Great Kills Park in Great Kills, Staten Island, is a part of the Staten Island unit of Gateway National Recreation Area. Part of the National Park System, it covers an area of approximately 580 acres (2.3 km2) of salt marsh, beach and woodlands, stretching along two miles (3 km) of Staten Island's south shore.[1]

Access[edit]

The park's main entrance is at Hylan Boulevard and Buffalo Street, where there is a bus stop for the S78, S79 SBS buses.[2] The Bay Terrace station of the Staten Island Railway is also near the main entrance. Boaters can arrange access at Nichols Marina in Great Kills Harbor.[3]

History[edit]

Beach at Great Kills Park, 1973. Photo by Arthur Tress.

In 1860, the businessman and pioneering naturalist John J. Crooke bought a part of the land and lived in a wooden house at the beach. In 1916, severe erosion cut the narrow spit of land and Crooke's Point became an island to itself.[3]

As early as 1925, the New York City government was considering buying 50 acres (20 ha) of Crooke's land to build a playground.[4] Mayor John Francis Hylan considered purchasing up to 443 acres (179 ha) of land for a larger park, with provisions for future additions to bring the park's size to 1,000 acres (400 ha). A resort would be built on the site, which was expected to cost $10 million.[5]

In 1929, the city bought Crooke's Point and adjacent land and started to build a public park.[6] Due to the Great Depression and World War II, the work was delayed and the park could not be opened to the public until 1949. It became part of the Gateway National Recreation Area in 1973, along with Miller Field and Fort Wadsworth on Staten Island, Jamaica Bay in Brooklyn and Queens, and Sandy Hook in New Jersey.[3]

Great Kills Harbor, located within the park, was created in the 1940s by expanding and reconnecting Crooke's Island to the rest of Staten Island, using landfill and dredge material.[7] Numerous species of birds frequent the park's diverse habitats.[8] The park now includes the Nichols Marina, a beach, trails, fishing and bird-watching areas, and sports fields.[3]

Radium contamination[edit]

NPS map of the Park, displaying the closed area in white
Great Kills Harbor view

The park's 15 million cubic yards of 1940s-era landfill included sanitary and medical waste.[9] In 2005, radioactive radium (226Ra, once used in cancer treatments) was found in the sand at a depth of about 1–1.5 feet (30–40 cm). Directly at the sources, investigators measured gamma radiation about 200 times higher than the natural background level.[10] Nearly half the park has been closed to the public since 2009, and the National Park Service expects to complete a comprehensive study in 2020 for its long-term decontamination project.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Great Kills Park", National Parks of New York Harbor Conservancy. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
  2. ^ "Staten Island Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. August 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "Things To Do – Staten Island", National Park Service. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
  4. ^ "PROPOSED MARINE PARK" (PDF). The New York Times. 1925-03-01. p. RE2. Retrieved 2017-11-25 – via Fultonhistory.com.
  5. ^ "STATEN ISLAND PARK IS HELD UP BY HYLAN; Mayor Asks More Time to Consider Plan for a Resort Along the Shore. WARNED OF REALTY GRAB Delegation From Richmond Says Speculators Are Planning to Get the Land Involved" (PDF). The New York Times. 1925-06-13. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
  6. ^ "VOTES TO BUY PARKS ON STATEN ISLAND; Board Favors Negotiations for Crooke's Point and Wolf's Pond Tracts. HAS $2,000,000 AVAILABLE Plans for New Playgrounds Will Also Be Ready Within Three Weeks, Berry Reports" (PDF). The New York Times. 1929-04-23. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
  7. ^ Marcia T. Fowle, Paul Kerlinger. The New York City Audubon Society Guide to Finding Birds in the Metropolitan Area, p. 102.
  8. ^ Susan Roney Drennan, Where to Find Birds in New York State: The Top 500 Sites, p. 404.
  9. ^ Anna Sanders, "Great Kills Park radiation probe update: In case you missed it". Staten Island Advance, April 4, 2016. Accessed August 7, 2017.
  10. ^ "Community Fact Sheet – Great Kills Park Site", National Park Service. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
  11. ^ "Great Kills Park Environmental Cleanup Project", National Park Service. Retrieved May 3, 2017.

External links[edit]