Aerial view of Great Langton and the River Swale
|Great Langton shown within North Yorkshire|
|Area||3.04 km2 (1.17 sq mi)|
|Population||202 (Including Kiplin and Whitwell. 2011 Census)|
|• Density||66/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Great Langton is a small village and civil parish in the district of Hambleton, North Yorkshire, England. The village lies on the B6271 road, between Scorton and Northallerton, on the northern bank of the River Swale and it was once known as Langton-upon-Swale.
The village church is St Wilfrid's Church; there used to be also the Chapel of the Good Shepherd, which has now been converted into a residential property. There was once a school in Great Langton but it also closed and is now a residential property. The village pub, which was known as The Langton Hotel until it changed its name to The Wishing Well in the 1970s, closed in 2004.
The name 'Great Langton' derives from Old English meaning ‘Long farm/settlement’. ‘Lang’ is the old Saxon word for ‘long’, and ‘Tun’ being ‘town’. It is known as Great Langton because there is a Little Langton nearby.
Sites of interest
Great Langton has a small number of Sites of Importance for Nature Conservation. These include Great Langton Pond located in grid reference SE289959, Poole's Waist at SE306943, River Swale at SE257966 and Winterwalk Wood at SE302955, in close vicinity to Little Langton.
The River Swale has been known to be subject to flooding and is monitored closely by the Environment Agency. Although Great Langton is located in a primary area for fishing, no local residents are in the trade. The River Swale also attracts large numbers of duck into the village, commonly seen around winter. The ducks tend to arrive around mid-September having travelled around 2,000 miles (3,200 km) from central CIS. They return around April, the journey taking several weeks.
Great Langton shows signs of human activity throughout much of its postglacial history. Initially, in the late-glacial and early Holocene (Mesolithic) period, there is little sign of any human impacts on the landscape, but there are signs of forest fires shown by fire climax vegetation, which could have been prevalent as a result of Mesolithic activity. Farming began only in the mid Holocene period, so human activity is likely to have been far larger from then onwards. Farming would have greatly increased and caused significant changes in the fluvial sediment regime through woodland clearance and colluvial hillwash.
Therefore, Great Langton shows signs of rural activity. Also, there are signs of quarrying since there is a disused quarry located on part of the old river bed. Hence, the Swale is seen to have high sand and gravel content.
Great Langton first became a parish in 1823.
On 27 February 2008, much of North Yorkshire experienced tremors, because of the 2008 Lincolnshire earthquake. Luckily, no damage was caused to the village.
The 2001 census for the parish of Great Langton reveals that 83% of the inhabitants are Christian, with only 10.8% stating that they have 'no religion'. The remaining 6.2% did not wish to say. Every year, Great Langton holds a church fete to raise money for St Wilfrid's Church. Although the church is still running, it has been slowly declining by a lack of funding and of village attendance.
The 2001 census for the parish shows that around 38.9% of the occupants are employed in 'small roles' at work. Agriculture takes up 28% of the occupants' jobs, the highest employer followed by 'wholesale and retail' at 22%. Every household in the village owns at least one car. 40% of households are 'owned outright', with only 17.6% being rented. Only 2.75% of occupants are registered as unemployed. 30.3% have a higher qualification, 21.4% have none. 11% of houses in Great Langton do not have central heating.
Only 3% of Great Langton's population use public transport to travel to work. There are, however, bus links which go to Richmond, Yafforth and Northallerton. There are regular train services between Northallerton and London that allow for a relatively easy connection. A typical fare will be around £80.
According to the Köppen classification the British Isles experience a maritime climate characterised by relatively cool summers and mild winters. Compared with other parts of the country, North Yorkshire is slightly warmer and sunnier in the summer and colder and frostier in the winter. Owing to its inland position, and sheltered by the Pennines to the west, North Yorkshire is one of the driest counties in the UK, receiving, on average, less than 600 mm (24 in) of rain per year. The mean annual daily duration of bright sunshine is three hours and 42 minutes.
There are two distinct local weather phenomenon, marked downslope lee winds caused by the proximity of the Pennines, leading to super geostrophic winds which can reach in excess of 70 mph, most commonly in winter and spring. In the winter, the presence of a subsidence inversion between the Pennines and the North Yorks Moors can allow dense, persistent fog to form that can last for several days.
|Climate data for Great Langton, observed at nearby RAF Leeming|
|Average high °F||43||43||48||52||59||64||68||68||63||57||48||45||54.8|
|Average low °F||34||34||36||39||43||48||52||52||48||45||37||34||41.8|
|Average precipitation inches||2.2||1.57||1.81||1.77||1.93||2.05||1.97||2.56||1.97||2.01||1.69||2.05||23.58|
|Average high °C||6||6||9||11||15||18||20||20||17||14||9||7||12.7|
|Average low °C||1||1||2||4||6||9||11||11||9||7||3||1||5.4|
|Average precipitation mm||56||40||46||45||49||52||50||65||50||51||43||52||599|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||53||65||106||131||177||172||164||158||123||91||65||46||1,351|
|Source: The Weather Network|
- "Parish Population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 287. OCLC 400936.
- "Map 6 Natural Environment - DP33 & DP34 and Schedule of Sites" (PDF). Hambleton District Council. 4 January 2006. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
- "Appendix 4: Sites Of Importance for Nature Conservation" (PDF). Hambleton District Council. 7 July 2000. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
- Donohue, J. (23 July 2007). "Where to go fishing: A guide to coarse and game fisheries - North East – Dales, 2007/08" (PDF). Environment Agency. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
- "Current Flooding Situation - River Swale at Great Langton". Environment Agency. 2001. Archived from the original on 2 November 2005. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
- "Parish of Great Langton/Kiplin/Whitwell" (PDF). 2001 Census Key Statistics. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
- "Natural History of Wildfowl". Wildfowling Magazine International. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
- "Late Quaternary landscape history of the Swale - Ure Washlands". English Heritage. 2002–2003. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
- "Great Langton parish". National Register of Archives. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
- "Historical Weather for Leeming". The Weather Network. Retrieved 20 April 2008.
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