St. Mary the Virgin parish church
|Great Milton shown within Oxfordshire|
|Area||7.90 km2 (3.05 sq mi)|
|Population||1,042 (2011 census)|
|• Density||132/km2 (340/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
The toponym appears to refer to the "Middle Town" of a group.
The Domesday Book of 1086 records that Remigius de Fécamp, Bishop of Lincoln held a large estate of 31 hides of land at Great Milton. The estate had presumably belonged to the Diocese of Dorchester, of which Remigius had been consecrated bishop in 1070. The see of Dorchester had been absorbed into that of Lincoln in 1072, and Remigius had been translated to Lincoln as bishop of the newly united diocese.
The Domesday Book lists two water mills in the parish. By the time of the Hundred Rolls in 1279 there was a third watermill and in about 1500 there was a fourth mill. There is no known subsequent record of the third and fourth mills, but both of the others seem to have survived until the 17th and in at least on case the 18th century. By the 19th century both mills were disused. In 1322 there was at least one windmill in the parish, and possibly two. The parish still had two windmills in 1838 and about 1900.
In 1762 a fire destroyed 16 houses in the village.
The nave and chancel of the Church of England parish church of Saint Mary were built shortly after the Norman Conquest of England. The building was damaged by fire in the 13th century. During the 14th century the chancel was enlarged and the north and south aisles were added. At this time the church served a parish including the villages of Chilworth Valery and Chilworth Muzzard, the hamlets of Combe and Little Milton, and the manor of Ascot. In 1850 St. Mary's was restored at a cost of £2,000.
In 1552 St. Mary's had four bells plus a Sanctus bell, and in 1631 Ellis I Knight of Reading, Berkshire supplied a ring of five bells. Ellis II & Henry III Knight recast two of the bells in 1673 and Thomas Rudhall of Gloucester recast three more in 1771. Thomas Rudhall of Gloucester cast a further bell in 1772 and William Taylor cast a further bell in 1848, presumably at his Oxford bell-foundry. W. & J. Taylor also cast the present Sanctus bell, which dates from 1825.
The village has a Church of England Primary School, a public house, the Bull Inn, and a post office and general store. The manor house is now the French chef Raymond Blanc's restaurant and hotel, Le Manoir aux Quat' Saisons.
- John Thurloe, Secretary of State under Oliver Cromwell
- Sir Tim Rice
- Raymond Blanc
- Peter Lawrence
- Michael de Larrabeiti
- Sinclair Hood (archaeologist)
- Dr Peter Zinovieff
- Sir Martin Wood (engineer)
- "Area: Great Milton CP (Parish): Parish Headcounts". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 March 2010.
- Lobel 1962, pp. 117–146
- Emery 1974, p. 167.
- "Great Milton S Mary V". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council of Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
- Beeson & Simcock 1989, p. 47.
- Little, Reg., The Oxford Times, Oxford, Friday 3 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014
- Oxfordshire Gladiators' Cup
Sources and further reading
- Beeson, C.F.C. (1989) . Simcock, A.V., ed. Clockmaking in Oxfordshire 1400–1850 (3rd ed.). Oxford: Museum of the History of Science. pp. 46–47. ISBN 0-903364-06-9.
- Emery, Frank (1974). Hoskins, W.G, ed. The Oxfordshire Landscape. The Making of the English Landscape. London: Hodder & Stoughton. pp. 117, 167, 218. ISBN 0-340-04301-6.
- Lobel, Mary D, ed. (1962). A History of the County of Oxford Volume 7: Thame and Dorchester Hundreds. Victoria County History. pp. 117–146.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 620–623. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
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