Great Mosque of Central Java
|Great Mosque of Central Java |
Masjid Agung Jawa Tengah
|Location||Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia|
|Architect(s)||Ir. H. Ahmad Fanani|
|Style||Mix of Javanese, Arabic, and Greek|
|Construction cost||Rp. 198,692,340,000|
|Dome dia. (outer)||20 m (66 ft)|
|Minaret height||62 m (203 ft)|
The mosque complex covers 10 hectares (25 acres). There are three central buildings arranged in the shape of a U, with the domed mosque at the centre; all buildings have pitched, tiled roofs, while the central mosque has four minarets. The central roof resembles the roof of a "joglo", the traditional Javanese house, and symbolises the rising steps toward heaven or to gain God's blessing. The long buildings forming the arms of the U house a library and auditorium respectively; the auditorium can hold up to 2,000 people.
In the central courtyard are six large hydraulically operated umbrellas, inspired by the ones at Al-Masjid al-Nabawi in Medina, which are used to protect worshipers; the six umbrellas represent the six tenets of iman. More than 15,000 worshipers can fit in the 7,669-square-metre (82,550 sq ft) prayer area. At the open end of the U is a series of Arabic-style arches, with Arabic calligraphs of 99 attributes of Allah, stood on 25 pillars, each representing one of the named prophets in Islam. Beyond the arches is an inscription on a 3.2-metre (10 ft) tall, 7.8 ton stone from Mount Merapi, designed by Nyoman M. Alim.
Nearby is the 99-metre-tall (325 ft) Asmaul Husna Tower, designed to resemble the minaret of Menara Kudus Mosque in Kudus; the height represents the 99 attributes of Allah. Used for calling Muslims to prayer, the tower also houses a radio station for da'wah and museum at its base and restaurant and observation deck near its summit. The upper levels are accessible by lift. On premises there is also a 23-room hotel.
Preparations for the mosque's construction began on 6 June 2001, when the governor of Central Java formed the Coordination Team for the Construction of the Great Mosque (Tim Koordinasi Pembangunan Masjid Agung) which consisted of state bodies such as the provincial and city governments as well as private bodies such as the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI). Of the waqf land once under the purview of the Kauman Mosque of Semarang, only the site at Jl. Gajah was deemed large enough. In September 2001 the team published a proposed construction schedule. Funding came from the provincial government.
Construction began on 6 September 2002, when minister of religion Said Agil Husin al-Munawar, head of MUI Sahal Mahfudz, and governor of Central Java Mardiyanto laid the first stake. While the mosque was still under construction, Chabib Thoha led Friday prayers on 19 March 2004. The mosque was dedicated on 14 November 2006 by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and his wife.
The mosque is also a tourist attraction, with buses and trams available to transport visitors around the grounds.
- Gower, Simon Marcus (31 July 2009). "The marvels of a modern mosque". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 12 February 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- Herusansono, Winarto (1 October 2008). "Resto Berputar, Restoran Tertinggi di Indonesia" [Rotating Restaurant, the Highest Restaurant in Indonesia]. Kompas (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 12 February 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Masjid Agung Jateng Telah Mendunia" [The Great Mosque of Central Java is Known Throughout the World]. Antara (in Indonesian). 22 August 2007. Archived from the original on 12 February 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- Meinita, Hanna (17 October 2011). "Payung Otomatis Masjid Agung Jateng Seperti di Masjid Nabawi" [Automatic Umbrellas at the Great Mosque of Semarang are Like Those at Masjid Nabawi]. okezone.com (in Indonesian). MNC Group. Archived from the original on 12 February 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Presiden Resmikan Masjid Agung Jateng" [President Opens the Great Mosque of Central Java] (in Indonesian). Office of the President of Indonesia. 14 November 2006. Archived from the original on 12 February 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Sejarah Masjid Agung Jawa Tengah" [History of the Great Mosque of Central Java] (in Indonesian). Grand Mosque of Central Java. Archived from the original on 12 February 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
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