Great Neck (LIRR station)

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Great Neck
Great Neck Station platform view.jpg
The Great Neck station as seen from the Port Washington-bound platform. The depot is visible above the canopy for the Penn Station-bound platform.
Location Middle Neck Road & Station Plaza
Village of Great Neck Plaza, New York
Coordinates 40°47′14″N 73°43′34″W / 40.787235°N 73.725986°W / 40.787235; -73.725986Coordinates: 40°47′14″N 73°43′34″W / 40.787235°N 73.725986°W / 40.787235; -73.725986
Owned by Long Island Rail Road
Line(s)
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Connections Local Transit Nassau Inter-County Express: n20G, n20H, n21, n25, n26, n57, n58
Construction
Parking Yes (local permit required)
Bicycle facilities Yes
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Fare zone 4
History
Opened October 27, 1866 (NY&F)[1]
Closed 1883, 1924
Rebuilt 1883, 1893, 1925–1934, 1990s
Electrified October 21, 1913
750 V (DC) third rail
Previous names Brookdale (1869–1872)
Traffic
Passengers (2006) 11,024[2]
Services
Preceding station   MTA NYC logo.svg LIRR   Following station
toward Penn Station
Port Washington Branch
rush-hour express
toward Penn Station
Port Washington Branch
regular services
Port Washington Branch
rush-hour local
Terminus

Great Neck is a station in the village of Great Neck Plaza, on the Port Washington Branch of the Long Island Rail Road. It is the first station on the branch (heading from Manhattan) in Nassau County. The station is at Middle Neck Road and Station Plaza at Great Neck Road, 0.25 miles (0.40 km) north of Northern Boulevard, and is 15.9 miles (25.6 km) from Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan. From this point on, the line becomes single track to Port Washington.

History[edit]

Great Neck was originally the terminus of the New York and Flushing Railroad when it was built in 1866 by a subsidiary called the North Shore Railroad, and called Brookdale Station. The NY&F was acquired by the Flushing and North Side Railroad in 1869, and the name was changed to Great Neck in 1872. The F&NS was consolidated into the Flushing, North Shore and Central Railroad in 1874 through a merger with the Central Railroad of Long Island, only to be leased in 1876 by the LIRR.

Though Great Neck station served as a terminal station for much of the 19th Century, it was never intended to stay this way. An attempt to extend the line east from the station toward Roslyn failed in 1882. Thirteen years later, wealthy Port Washington residents persuaded the LIRR to bring the terminus to their hometown. This required the construction of the Manhasset Viaduct over the marshes at the southern end of Manhasset Bay, which was authorized by an LIRR subsidiary called the Great Neck and Port Washington Railroad.[3] On June 23, 1898, the first LIRR train passed through Great Neck to cross the Manhasset Viaduct, Long Island's highest railroad bridge to extend the line through Manhasset, Plandome and Port Washington. In 1924, the station was closed and moved to its current location on February 26, 1925, as a grade crossing elimination project brought the tracks below ground by June 8, 1934. Elevators are on both sides. The wall along the southeastern platform has an aluminum sculpture by artist David Saunders that was installed in 2001.

This station was referenced in The Great Gatsby as "West Egg".[4]

Service[edit]

During non-rush hours, Port Washington Branch trains generally run every 30 minutes in both directions. During rush hours, when express service is provided, Great Neck is an express station. Local trains terminate here during rush hours. Terminating trains depart east on Track 2 and return via crossovers to Track 1. Trains run every two hours or so overnight.

Station layout[edit]

The station has two high-level side platforms, each 10 cars long. Track 2 extends approximately one-train length beyond the station before merging with Track 1. The MTA has proposed extending Track 2 to provide space for turning a second train.[5][6] This track would allow expansion of service along the Port Washington Branch and the ability to add service to East Side Access and Grand Central Terminal.[7][8]

G Ground level Exit/entrance, crossover, parking, buses
P
Platform level
Platform A, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Track 1 Port Washington Branch toward Penn Station (Little Neck or Woodside)
Track 2 Port Washington Branch toward Port Washington (Manhasset)
Port Washington Branch Terminal Track →
Platform B, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vincent F. Seyfried, The Long Island Rail Road: A Comprehensive History, Part Two: The Flushing, North Shore & Central Railroad, © 1963
  2. ^ Average weekday, 2006 LIRR Origin and Destination Study
  3. ^ Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. NY-81, "Long Island Railroad, Manhasset Bridge, Manhasset Shore Road Vicinity, Flower Hill, Nassau County, NY", 1 photo, 1 data page, 1 photo caption page
  4. ^ Lyons, Patrick J. (2005-04-10). "A Fleeting Era's Timeless Chronicle". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  5. ^ Wendy Karpel Kreitzman (November 19, 2010). "MTA Announces Second Pocket Track Proposed for LIRR in Great Neck". Great Neck Record. Retrieved November 18, 2011. 
  6. ^ Sam Zambuto; Salvatore Arena (March 28, 2011). "LIRR Opens Info Center at Great Neck Station for Proposed Colonial Road Improvement Project". MTA Long Island Rail Road. Retrieved November 18, 2011. 
  7. ^ "MTA LIRR Proposed Colonial Road Improvement Project". MTA Long Island Rail Road. March 23, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2011. 
  8. ^ "MTA LIRR - Colonial Road Improvement Project". web.mta.info. Retrieved 2016-10-23. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Great Neck (LIRR station) at Wikimedia Commons