Great Plain and North
|Great Plain and North|
Alföld és Észak
Great Plain and North (NUTS 1) and its constituent counties (NUTS 3)
|• Total||50,000 km2 (20,000 sq mi)|
|• Density||84/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The total population of the region is around 4,200,000 people in an area of 50,000 km2 (19,000 sq mi) (giving a population density of around 84/km2 (218/sq mi).
Regions and counties
There are nine counties in Great Plain and North, which are in three statistical regions:
- Northern Hungary (HU31) (Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Heves County and Nógrád County)
- Northern Great Plain (HU32) (Hajdú-Bihar County, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County and Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County)
- Southern Great Plain (HU33) (Bács-Kiskun County, Békés County and Csongrád County)
Northern Hungary and Northern Great Plain are often together called North-Eastern Hungary.
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Rivers and lakes
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There are four tourists regions in the Great Plain and North. The Lake Tisza and its surrounding is an exceptional region as it is not part of the NUTS.
The four regions are:
Landmarks by region
The most important tourist cities are Eger, Miskolc, Sárospatak, Pásztó, which are all famous for their wines and spas. Tokaj) and Hollókő form part of a World Heritage Site. There are many mediaeval castles and ruins of others, including Boldogkő Castle, Castle of Diósgyőr, Füzér Castle, Sárospatak Castle, Szerencs Castle, Szécsény Castle estates, and Hollókő Castle. The Mátra mountains and the Bükk mountains give plenty of opportunities for hiking, and there are areas of outstandingly beautiful countryside in Lillafüred and Aggtelek National Park. The caves in the Bükk have many stalagmites and stalactites.
Northern Great Plain
The most important tourist sites are the regional seat Debrecen with its ancient monuments, and Hortobágy National Park. Nyíregyháza and Nyírbátor both have intimate historic city centres. Nyíregyháza and its suburbs have some interesting sights, for example the open-air museum, safari park, and Nyírvidék children's railway. There are extraordinary churches in Csaroda and Tákos.
Southern Great Plain
The most important tourist sights are the Great Plain itself, unspoiled landscape, romantic farms, the ethnographic memories and traditions and the cities' monuments and museums, especially Szeged the regional seat, Gyula, Kecskemét, Kalocsa, Szentes, Hódmezővásárhely, and Baja. The region's most important landscapes include the Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park, Gyula Castle, the stud farm in Mezőhegyes and the wine cellars at Hajós. Other attractions include the Great Bustard Nature Reserve at Dévaványa, the Bugac Plain, and the Mártély National Park.
- http://akademia.miert.ro/downloads/miert3/baranyi.doc - Béla Baranyi: Regions of Europe (in Hungarian)
- János Rechnitzer: the Unseen World of the Great Plain and North (Origo.hu) (in Hungarian)