Great Recession in Oceania

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Great Recession in Oceania is an article on the recession affecting the Oceanic region. This includes, Australia, New Zealand and South Pacific countries.


Australia avoided technical recession due to a number of factors: the country's low levels of public debt allowed government stimulus spending; its proximity to the booming Chinese economy and the related mining boom kept growth ticking over throughout the worst of the global conditions. In fact, sources such as the IMF and the Reserve Bank of Australia had predicted Australia was well positioned to weather the crisis with minimal disruption, sustaining more than 2% GDP growth in 2009 (as many Western nations went into recession). In the same year the World Economic Forum ranked Australia's banking system the fourth best in the world, while the Australian dollar's 30% drop was seen as a boon for trade, shielding the country from the crisis and helping to slow growth and consumption. The recession by Australia effected New Zealand's economy as Australia is New Zealand's biggest exporter. .[1][2]

Some analysts had predicted the continuing decline of trade in 2009 could put the economy into recession for the first time in 17 years.[3] However these initial fears were proved largely unfounded as the Australian economy avoided recession and the unemployment rate peaked at a much lower rate than had been predicted.

New Zealand[edit]

New Zealand Institute of Economic Research's quarterly survey showing New Zealand's economy contracted 0.3 percent in the first quarter of 2008 and Treasury figures suggested the economy also contracted in the June quarter putting New Zealand in a technical recession.[4] The Treasury says the economy could recover in the second half of the year under the impact of high dairy prices boosting farmer incomes and cuts to personal tax rates, which come into effect on Oct. 1.[5] There was a substantial number of finance company collapses between 2006 and 2012. Housing starts in New Zealand fell 20 percent in June, the lowest levels since 1986.[6] Excluding apartments, approvals dropped 13 percent from May. Approvals in the year ended June fell 12 percent from a year earlier. Second-quarter approvals dropped 19 percent. The figures suggest a decrease in construction and economic growth. House sales fell 42 percent in June from a year earlier.[7] The New Zealand Treasury concluded that the country's economy had contracted for a second quarter based on economic indicators, putting New Zealand in a recession.[8] New Zealand's central bank cut rates by half a percent arguing the economy was in recession.[9] New Zealand's GDP declined by 0.2 percent in the second quarter putting the country in its first recession in a decade.[10]

The economy emerged from recession in mid-2009, with the second-quarter GDP report showing the economy grew by 0.1 per cent on the March quarter.[11]


  1. ^ Stutchbury, Michael (2008-10-11). "Calls for international community to flush the system". The Australian. 
  2. ^ Yeates, Clancy (2008-10-11). "The fall of the little Aussie battler". The Sydney Morning Herald. 
  3. ^ Australia seen sliding into recession in 2009, International Herald Tribune, January 19, 2009
  4. ^ "New Zealand considered to be in recession". Xinhua. 2008-07-09. Retrieved 2008-07-19. 
  5. ^ "NZ Treasury: economy may be in recession already". Reuters. 2008-07-07. Retrieved 2008-07-19. 
  6. ^ Evans-Pritchard, Ambrose (2008-07-29). "Australia faces worse crisis than America". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  7. ^ "New Zealand Building Approvals Fall to 22-Year Low". Bloomberg. 2008-07-29. Retrieved 2008-08-10. 
  8. ^ "New Zealand 'enters recession'". BBC News. 2008-08-05. Retrieved 2008-08-10. 
  9. ^ "New Zealand slashes rates as economy lurches toward recession". London: Daily Telegraph. 2008-09-11. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  10. ^ "New Zealand Economy Shrank 0.2%, Confirming Recession". Bloomberg. 2008-09-26. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  11. ^ Louisson, Simon (2009-09-24). "New Zealand’s economy grew 0.1% in second quarter". The Wall Street Journal Asia. 34 (18). p. 14. Retrieved 2009-11-17. 

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