Great Smoky Mountains Railroad

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Great Smoky Mountains Railroad
HeadquartersBryson City, North Carolina
Reporting markGSM
LocaleWestern North Carolina
Dates of operation1988–present
PredecessorSouthern Railway
Track gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Length53 miles (85 kilometers)

The Great Smoky Mountains Railroad (reporting mark GSM) is a freight and heritage railroad in Bryson City, North Carolina, United States. As of December 1999, the railroad is currently owned and operated by American Heritage Railways, Inc., which also owns and operates the Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad (D&SNG) in Colorado. Today, the railroad operates excursions on the former Southern Railway branch line between Bryson City and Dillsboro, North Carolina. The railroad has a total of two steam locomotives (one of which is operational) and soon-to-be seven diesel locomotives in their current roster.


The Great Smoky Mountains Railroad (formerly Railway) owns 53 miles (85 kilometers) of the Murphy Branch, a former branch line of the Southern Railway between Dillsboro and Andrews, North Carolina. The line was completed to Dillsboro in 1883 and reached Andrews in 1890.[1][2] GSMR, which began operations in 1988, through a lease agreement from the NCDOT by Malcom and Joan MacNeil. With help of a team of investors, MacNeil secured the lease within 48 hours of the Norfolk Southern Railway dispatching work trains to the Murphy Branch to begin dismantling the track. The GSMR route uses a route which passes through "fertile valleys, a tunnel and across river gorges" in the Great Smoky Mountains of Western North Carolina. Several miles of the line between the far western end of the Nantahala Gorge and Andrews are currently out of service; excursions currently utilize the line between Bryson City and Nantahala (22 miles or 35 km in length) and the line between Bryson City and Dillsboro (16 miles or 26 km in length).

In December 1999, MacNeil sold the GSMR to American Heritage Railways, owners of the Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad (D&SNG) in Colorado. In 2000, with a new tuscan red and gold stripe livery, retiring the bright and colorful blue, yellow and red "circus train" livery, the GSMR debuted as the newly formed Great Smoky Mountains Railroad, changing the latter from Railway to Railroad.

In addition to running tourist excursions year-round, the railroad has also moved freight via an interchange with the Blue Ridge Southern Railroad in Sylva near Jackson Paper Manufacturing. GSMR runs nearly 1,000 excursions each year.

In 2004, GSMR debuted its Polar Express train ride, based on the newly released movie and licensed through Warner Bros. This ride has annually been a major economy boost for the railroad and the town of Bryson City. In 2019, GSMR broke all attendance records with over 91,000 people riding the Polar Express excursion alone.

In 2008, as a result of economic failure in the country due to a recession, GSMR made the decision to close their Dillsboro Depot and focus solely on their Bryson City operations. Administrative Offices were relocated from Dillsboro to Bryson City, establishing it as the new hometown of the Railroad. Excursions between Dillsboro and Bryson City continued, however the trips would now depart from Bryson City and layover in Dillsboro.

In March 2020, the Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak caused the GSMR to suspend operations for 3 months, resuming operations on June 5, 2020.


GSMR 2-8-0 #1702 leads a photo special bound for Bryson City.
GSMR GP9 #1751 at Bryson City.
Number Type Wheel Arrangement Classification Builder Built Serial Number Former Status In Service Notes
1702 Steam 2-8-0 S160 Baldwin Locomotive Works 1942 64641 U.S. Army
Reader Railroad
Operational Yes
722 Steam 2-8-0 Ks-1 Baldwin Locomotive Works 1904 24729 Southern Railway Stored No Operated for the Southern Railway steam excursion program from 1970 to 1985. Awaiting a possible restoration as of 2022.
711 Diesel (B-B) GP7 Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) 1954 19104 Chicago and North Western Transportation Company
Union Pacific Railroad
Operational Yes
777 Diesel (B-B) GP7 Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) 1954 19874 Chicago and North Western Transportation Company
Union Pacific Railroad
Stored No Retired and cannibalized as of 2020 with no current plans to return to service anytime soon.
1009 Diesel (B-B) GP38-3M Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) 1964 29006 Pennsylvania Railroad Operational Yes Delivered to the GSMR on December 23, 2020. Veterans Unit. Extended range dynamic braking equipped. The locomotive's paint scheme was inspired by that of Union Pacific's "Spirit of the Union Pacific" SD70AH locomotive number 1943.
1751 Diesel (B-B) GP9 Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) 1955 19968 San Joaquin Valley Railroad Operational Yes Dynamic braking equipped.
1755 Diesel (B-B) GP9 Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) 1956 21359 San Joaquin Valley Railroad Operational Yes Dynamic braking equipped.
2467 Diesel (B-B) GP30-3 Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) 1963 28092 Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
BNSF Railway
Operational Yes Upgraded to Dash-3 in 2020. Extended range dynamic braking equipped.
2666 Diesel (B-B) GP38-2 Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) 1971 37275 Louisville and Nashville Railroad
Operational Yes Recently delivered to the GSMR on June 28, 2021.

The railroad has four operational diesel locomotives, GP7 #711, GP9s #1751 and #1755, and GP30 #2467. The railroad's other GP7, as stated above in the chart, was retired and cannibalized in 2020.

In addition, GSMR has one operational steam locomotive: S160 2-8-0 "Consolidation" type #1702, acquired in 1991. Additionally, the railroad owns former Southern Railway 2-8-0 #722. The 722 never operated on the GSMR, it was formerly owned by the Southern Railway, which operated the locomotive for use in their steam program from 1966 to 1994 until it was being purchased in late 2000. #722 is currently awaiting restoration.

The GSMR had purchased a third steam locomotive, a former Swedish State Railways 4-6-0 #1149,[3] in 2010 from the defunct Belfast and Moosehead Lake Railroad. This engine was originally slated to be moved to the GSMR in spring 2011. However, the engine continued to remain on the B&ML for two more years. Ultimately, the GSMR deemed the engine's move too costly and instead sold the engine to the Discovery Park of America[3] in Union City, Tennessee.

Consolidation type steam locomotive #1702, built by Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1942 for the U.S. Army during World War II and was acquired by GSMR in 1991. #1702 was taken out of service at the end of the 2004 season. Although it was hoped that the engine would be restored and returned to service, no definite plans were set. In October 2013, an "historic agreement" was reached between GSMR and Swain County (NC) to begin restoration of #1702. A new shop, especially built for the restoration, was completed the following year. In addition to that, a new turntable was built at Bryson City for #1702 to turn around for the return trip to Dillsboro during the Tuckasegee River excursion. In March 2016, it was announced that #1702 would return to service that summer, which coincided with the construction and usage of a new turn-table for the locomotive near the depot in Bryson City.[4] Special events and a unique "Return of Steam in 2016" lapel pin were incorporated to celebrate the return of #1702. As of the 2021 operating season, #1702 still runs occasionally throughout the year.

In late 2019, the GSMR began the process of purchasing a sixth diesel locomotive. The locomotive, a GP38-3M, now GSMR #1009, was purchased through Western Rail in Washington State and was recently delivered to the GSMR on December 23, 2020. The GSMR will be receiving a seventh diesel locomotive later in 2021, also from Western Rail.[5]

Towns and attractions served[edit]

Smoky Mountain Trains Museum[edit]

The railroad operates the Smoky Mountain Trains Museum in Bryson City, North Carolina, adjacent to the historic Bryson City depot (where GSMR excursions depart). The museum features a collection of over 7,000 Lionel model engines, cars and accessories, a large model train layout, a children's activity center, and a gift shop.[6]

Popular culture[edit]

The famous train wreck scene in the 1993 Warner Brothers blockbuster movie The Fugitive starring Harrison Ford and Tommy Lee Jones was filmed in Dillsboro along the Great Smoky Mountains Railroad. The wreckage set can still be viewed on eastbound Tuckasegee River Excursions departing from Bryson City.[7]

The Great Smoky Mountains Railroad was also used in the filming of 1996 Warner Brothers comedy My Fellow Americans starring Jack Lemmon and James Garner when they stumble on to a charter train full of UNC-Chapel Hill fans headed for the NCAA Final Four.

Train scenes in the 1999 DreamWorks SKG film Forces of Nature starring Ben Affleck and Sandra Bullock were also filmed on the Great Smoky Mountains Railroad.

GSMR's 2-8-0 steam locomotive #1702 (formerly of the U.S. Army) was featured in the 1966 film, This Property Is Condemned, starring Natalie Wood, Robert Redford, and Charles Bronson.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Town of Dillsboro, North Carolina - History
  2. ^ Town of Andrews, North Carolina - History
  3. ^ a b Karlsson, Lars Olov (2013). Ånglok vid Sveriges normalspåriga enskilda järnvägar. Del 2. MBJ–ÖVJ (in Swedish). Malmö: Frank Stenvalls Förlag. p. 154. ISBN 9-789172-661875.
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Western Rail, Inc". Retrieved 2020-12-15.
  6. ^ "The Great Smoky Mountain Railroad and Model Train Museum part 1". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  7. ^ George, Michael; Strack, Frank (2012). Passage Through Time: The Official Guidebook. Bryson City, NC, USA: Great Smoky Mountains Railroad. p. 47.

External links[edit]