Great Synagogue, Warsaw
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Polish Wikipedia. (March 2012)|
|Great Synagogue of Warsaw
Wielka Synagoga w Warszawie
Great Synagogue in the 1910s
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Destroyed May 16, 1943|
Great Synagogue of Warsaw - the non-existent at present, largest synagogue in Warsaw, located on Tłomackie street. The synagogue was a symbol of Reformed Judaism in Central Europe and was one of the greatest Polish buildings built in the nineteenth century. At the time of its opening, it was the largest synagogue in the world.
Opened on 26 September 1878 in the celebration of Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year), it was personally blown up by SS-Gruppenführer Jürgen Stroop on 16 May 1943, which was the last act of destruction of the Jewish ghetto in Warsaw by the Germans.
The Great Synagogue was built by the Warsaw's Jewish community between 1875 and 1878 at Tłomackie street, in the south-eastern tip of the district in which the Jews were allowed to settle by the Russian Imperial authorities. The main architect was Leandro Marconi.
SS-Gruppenführer Jürgen Stroop later recalled:
"What a marvelous sight it was. A fantastic piece of theater. My staff and I stood at a distance. I held the electrical device which would detonate all the charges simultaneously. Jesuiter called for silence. I glanced over at my brave officers and men, tired and dirty, silhouetted against the glow of the burning buildings. After prolonging the suspense for a moment, I shouted: 'Heil Hitler' and pressed the button. With a thunderous, deafening bang and a rainbow burst of colors, the fiery explosion soared toward the clouds, an unforgettable tribute to our triumph over the Jews. The Warsaw Ghetto was no more. The will of Adolf Hitler and Heinrich Himmler had been done."
Model of synagogue in Beth Hatefutsoth, the Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, Tel-Aviv
Former site of the synagogue, the Blue Skyscraper
- Kazimierz Moczarski (1981), Conversations with an Executioner, page 164.
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- Great Synagogue in Warsaw at Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Virtual Shtetl
- Pictures of the synagogue
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