Abdallah Ibn Salam Mosque
|Abdallah Ibn Salam Mosque
(Ex. Great Synagogue of Oran)
|Location||Blvd. Maata Mohamed El Habib, Oran, Algeria|
|Year consecrated||1918 (ceased functioning as a synagogue in 1975)|
The Abdallah Ibn Salam Mosque is a synagogue that was converted to a mosque in 1975.
Formerly the Great Synagogue of Oran' (French: Grande synagogue d'Oran, Arabic: معبد وهران العظيم), Algeria, it was built in 1880 at the initiative of Simon Kanoui, but its inauguration took place only in 1918. Also known as Temple Israelite, it is located on the former Boulevard Joffre, currently Boulevard Maata Mohamed El Habib. It was one of the largest synagogues in North Africa.
Once Algeria gained its independence in 1962, almost all Algerian Jews had relocated to France. An estimated 100 to 120 thousand Jews, as well as a million European settlers and 100 thousand Muslim Harkis had fled Algeria choosing to settle in France during the Pied-Noir exodus
Algerian Jews relocating to France in the 1960s were assigned "repatriate" status and classed alongside the European settler population owing to the fact that the Jews of Algeria had been French citizens since the Crémieux Decree of 1870.
The Abdallah Ibn Salam mosque is named after a 7th-century Jew from Medina who converted to Islam.
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- Handbook for travellers in Algeria and Tunis, Algiers, Oran, Constantine, Carthage, etc. , Robert Lambert Playfair. pub. J. Murray, 1887, p. 184.