Great Union

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Map of the Kingdom of Romania between 1918 and 1940 (Greater Romania) and its historical regions

In Romanian historiography, the Great Union (Romanian: Marea Unire) or Great Union of 1918 (Marea Unire din 1918) was the series of political unifications the Kingdom of Romania had with several of the so-called Romanian historical regions, starting with Bessarabia on 27 March 1918, continuing with Bukovina on 28 November 1918 and finalizing with Transylvania (on its broad meaning) on 1 December 1918 with the declaration of the union of this region with Romania during an assembly at the city of Alba Iulia. Romanians also consider several other events as preludes to the Great Union, such as the unification of Moldavia and Wallachia (also known as the Little Union, Mica Unire) in 1859 or the independence of the country and the annexation of Northern Dobruja in 1878, and also the occupation of Transylvania and Moldavia by the Prince of Wallachia, Michael the Brave, in 1600.[1][2][3]

Today, the Great Union has an important meaning in Romania, and it is commemorated in the Great Union Day, the national day of the country, every 1 December.[4] The centenary of the Great Union on 1 December 2018 was widely celebrated in Romania, with military parades at cities like Alba Iulia or Bucharest to which many people (up to 550,000, 100,000 of them in Alba Iulia alone), including the President of Romania Klaus Iohannis, attended.[5] It was also celebrated in Moldova, where more than 100 localities and 3 districts declared unification with Romania.[6][7]

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  1. ^ Zub, Alexandru (2017). "Basarabia: preludii la Marea Unire" (PDF). Revista de Istorie a Moldovei (in Romanian). 112 (4): 5–10.
  2. ^ Andreescu, Mihail M. (2018). "Drumul către Marea Unire din 1 decembrie 1918". Studii și comunicări/DIS (in Romanian) (11): 57–65.
  3. ^ Sigmirean, Ioan (2018). "Marea Unire din anul 1918 – O minune istorică". Arhiva Someșană (in Romanian). 16: 11–20.
  4. ^ Petcu, Adina (30 November 2019). "Ziua Marii Uniri. 1 decembrie, Ziua Națională a României. Semnificație, istoric și programul evenimentelor". Mediafax (in Romanian).
  5. ^ "1 Decembrie 2018, Ziua Națională. Paradă la București și Alba Iulia - principalele momente, în imagini". Digi24 (in Romanian). 1 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Peste 100 de primari din R. Moldova ce au semnat declarații de unire cu România se întrunesc la Iași". HotNews (in Romanian). 10 March 2018.
  7. ^ Avram, Marian (7 March 2018). "Peste 100 de localități din Republica Moldova au semnat declarația simbolică de unire cu România". Mediafax (in Romanian).

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