Great Wymondley

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Great Wymondley
St Marys Church, Great Wymondley, Hertfordshire.jpg
St Mary's Church, Great Wymondley
Great Wymondley is located in Hertfordshire
Great Wymondley
Great Wymondley
Location within Hertfordshire
OS grid referenceTL213287
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHitchin
Postcode districtSG4
Dialling code01438
PoliceHertfordshire
FireHertfordshire
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire
51°56′36″N 0°14′09″W / 51.94337°N 0.23594°W / 51.94337; -0.23594Coordinates: 51°56′36″N 0°14′09″W / 51.94337°N 0.23594°W / 51.94337; -0.23594

Great Wymondley is a village situated near Hitchin in Hertfordshire, England. Despite the names, Great Wymondley is a smaller settlement than its neighbour, Little Wymondley. It is in the civil parish of Wymondley.[1]

Landscape[edit]

The village is set in an agricultural landscape which is protected within the Green Belt.[1] The soil is boulder clay above chalk.

Field system[edit]

In the late 19th century the historian Frederic Seebohm, who lived in Hitchin, studied Wymondley's field system using detailed maps in the manorial records. He was aware of research which had been carried out earlier in the century on the work of Roman land surveyors (known as gromatici), and he argued that the dimensions of the fields at Wymondley suggest the use of an ancient unit of measurement called the jugerum.[2] Assuming the validity of this analysis, which has been confirmed by later scholars, one implication is that there was continuity in the way the land was managed before and after the Anglo-Saxon settlement of this part of Hertfordshire.

History[edit]

Wymondley appears in the Domesday Book with a recorded population of 58 households. This figure does not distinguish between Great and Little Wymondley,[3] but scholars have been able to derive data about the separate villages from the Domesday record.[4]

Great Wymondley was a separate civil parish until 1 April 1937, when it merged with neighbouring Little Wymondley to form a single parish called Wymondley.[5]

Buildings[edit]

Ruins[edit]

There are two scheduled monuments in the parish:

Extant buildings[edit]

The Church of St Mary the Virgin is Grade I listed.[8] It has a Norman nave and chancel, the latter being an apse built of small rounded stones.[9]

Delamere House is an elegant Elizabethan building. There are also a number of thatched cottages, including a row of terraced cottages each named after one of King Henry VIII's wives.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Natural and historic environments www.wymondley.org
  2. ^ Domesday: A Search for the Roots of England. Michael Wood. BBC Publications (1986)
  3. ^ "(Great and Little) Wymondley".
  4. ^ Fitzpatrick-Matthews, Keith (2020). "The Archaeology of the Wymondleys".
  5. ^ "Great Wymondley Ancient Parish / Chapelry / Civil Parish". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  6. ^ "Roman villa (site of)". ancientmonuments.UK.
  7. ^ "Great Wymondley Castle".
  8. ^ "Church of St Mary the Virgin (Great Wymondley)".
  9. ^ Young, Richard; Hamilton, Liz (April 2015). "The earth beneath our feet". Hertfordshire Life. Retrieved 3 September 2021.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Great Wymondley at Wikimedia Commons