Great icosidodecahedron

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Great icosidodecahedron
Great icosidodecahedron.png
Type Uniform star polyhedron
Elements F = 32, E = 60
V = 30 (χ = 2)
Faces by sides 20{3}+12{5/2}
Wythoff symbol 2 | 3 5/2
2 | 3 5/3
2 | 3/2 5/2
2 | 3/2 5/3
Symmetry group Ih, [5,3], *532
Index references U54, C70, W94
Dual polyhedron Great rhombic triacontahedron
Vertex figure Great icosidodecahedron vertfig.png
Bowers acronym Gid
3D model of a great icosidodecahedron

In geometry, the great icosidodecahedron is a nonconvex uniform polyhedron, indexed as U54. It has 32 faces (20 triangles and 12 pentagrams), 60 edges, and 30 vertices.[1] It is given a Schläfli symbol r{3,​52}. It is the rectification of the great stellated dodecahedron and the great icosahedron. It was discovered independently by Hess (1878), Badoureau (1881) and Pitsch (1882).

Related polyhedra[edit]

The name is constructed analogously as how a cube-octahedron creates a cuboctahedron, and how a dodecahedron-icosahedron creates a (small) icosidodecahedron.

It shares the same vertex arrangement with the icosidodecahedron, its convex hull. Unlike the great icosahedron and great dodecahedron, the great icosidodecahedron is not a stellation of the icosidodecahedron, but a faceting of it instead.

It also shares its edge arrangement with the great icosihemidodecahedron (having the triangular faces in common), and with the great dodecahemidodecahedron (having the pentagrammic faces in common).

Great icosidodecahedron.png
Great icosidodecahedron
Great dodecahemidodecahedron.png
Great dodecahemidodecahedron
Great icosihemidodecahedron.png
Great icosihemidodecahedron
Icosidodecahedron (convex hull)
Animated truncation sequence from {​52, 3} to {3, ​52}

This polyhedron can be considered a rectified great icosahedron:

The truncated great stellated dodecahedron is a degenerate polyhedron, with 20 triangular faces from the truncated vertices, and 12 (hidden) pentagonal faces as truncations of the original pentagram faces, the latter forming a great dodecahedron inscribed within and sharing the edges of the icosahedron.

Name Great
Truncated great stellated dodecahedron Great
CDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 5.pngCDel rat.pngCDel d2.pngCDel node 1.png CDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 5.pngCDel rat.pngCDel d2.pngCDel node 1.png CDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 5.pngCDel rat.pngCDel d2.pngCDel node.png CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 5.pngCDel rat.pngCDel d2.pngCDel node.png CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 5.pngCDel rat.pngCDel d2.pngCDel node.png
Picture Great stellated dodecahedron.png Icosahedron.png Great icosidodecahedron.png Great truncated icosahedron.png Great icosahedron.png

Great rhombic triacontahedron[edit]

Great rhombic triacontahedron
DU54 great rhombic triacontahedron.png
Type Star polyhedron
Face DU54 facets.png
Elements F = 30, E = 60
V = 32 (χ = 2)
Symmetry group Ih, [5,3], *532
Index references DU54
dual polyhedron Great icosidodecahedron
3D model of a great rhombic triacontahedron

The dual of the great icosidodecahedron is the great rhombic triacontahedron; it is nonconvex, isohedral and isotoxal. It has 30 intersecting rhombic faces. It can also be called the great stellated triacontahedron.

The great rhombic triacontahedron can be constructed by expanding the size of the faces of a rhombic triacontahedron by a factor of τ3 = 1+2τ = 2+√5, where τ is the golden ratio.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Maeder, Roman. "54: great icosidodecahedron". MathConsult.


External links[edit]