Greater Accra Region

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Greater Accra Region
Aerial View of Accra
Aerial View of Accra
Flag of Greater Accra Region
Location of Greater Accra Region in Ghana
Location of Greater Accra Region in Ghana
CountryGhana
CapitalAccra
Districts16
Government
 • Regional MinisterHenry Quartey
 • MayorMohammed Adjei Sowah
Area
 • Total3,245 km2 (1,253 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 10th
Population
 (2010 Census)[1]
 • Total4,010,054
 • RankRanked 2nd
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)
 • Year2013
 • Per capita$5,150
GDP (Nominal)
 • Year2013
 • Per capita$2,500
Time zoneGMT
Area code(s)030
ISO 3166 codeGH-AA
HDI (2017)Increase 0.662[2]
medium · 1st

The Greater Accra Region has the smallest area of Ghana's 16 administrative regions, occupying a total land surface of 3,245 square kilometres.[3] This is 1.4 per cent of the total land area of Ghana. It is the second most populated region, after the Ashanti Region, with a population of 4,010,054 in 2010, accounting for 16.3 per cent of Ghana's total population.[4][5]

The Greater Accra region is the most urbanized region in the country with 87.4% of its total population living in urban centres.[6] The capital city of Greater Accra Region is Accra which is at the same time the capital city of Ghana.

History[edit]

In 1960, Greater Accra, then referred to as Accra Capital District, was geographically part of the Eastern Region. It was, however, administered separately by the Minister responsible for local government. With effect from 23 July 1982, Greater Accra was created by the Greater Accra Region Law (PNDCL 26) as a legally separate region.[7]

Geography[edit]

Location and size[edit]

The Greater Accra Region is bordered on the north by the Eastern Region, on the east by the Volta Region, on the south by the Gulf of Guinea, and on the west by the Central Region. It is smallest region of Ghana in total area, and is made up of 16 administrative areas.

Tourism[edit]

Parks[edit]

Recreation areas[edit]

  • National Museum
  • La Pleasure Beach
  • Kokrobite Beach
  • Coco Beach Resort
  • Cocoloco Beach
  • Korle Beach Resort
  • Next Door Beach Resort
  • Manet Paradise
  • Ada Paradise Beach
  • Ningo-Prampram Beach
  • Rufus Green Parks
  • Labadi Beach
  • Laboma Beach
  • Titanic Beach
  • Bojo Beach
  • Sandbox beach Club
  • Afrikiko
  • Bloombar

National monuments[edit]

National historic sites[edit]

Festivals[edit]

The Ga people celebrate the Homowo festival, which literally means "hooting at hunger." This festival originated several centuries ago. It is celebrated in remembrance of a great famine that hit the Ga people in the sixteenth century. It is mainly a food festival which celebrates the passing of that terrible period in Ga history. It takes place in August every year and is celebrated by all the Ga clans.

The Adangbe people from Ada celebrate the Asafotu festival, which is also called 'Asafotufiam', an annual warrior's festival celebrated by Ada people from the last Thursday of July to the first weekend of August commemorates the victories of the warriors in battle and is a memorial for those who fell on the battlefield. To re-enact these historic events, the warriors dress in traditional battle dress and stage a mock battle. This is also a time for male rites of passage, when young men are introduced to warfare. The festival also coincides with the harvest cycle, when these special customs and ceremonies are performed. These include purification ceremonies. The celebration reaches its climax with a durbar of chiefs, a colourful procession of the Chiefs in palanquins with their retinue. They are accompanied by traditional military groups called 'Asafo Companies' amidst drumming, singing and dancing through the streets and on the durbar grounds. At the durbar, greetings are exchanged between the chiefs, libations are poured and declarations of allegiance are made.

Other tourist attractions[edit]

  • Fishing port at Jamestown
  • Du Bois Memorial Center for Pan-African Culture
  • George Padmore Research Library on African Affairs
  • Agblobloshie Market
  • Makola Market
  • Trade Fair Center

Governance[edit]

Districts of the Greater Accra Region

The political administration of the region is through the local government system. Under this administration system, the region is divided into 29 MMDA's (made up of 2 Metropolitan, 23 Municipal and 4 Ordinary Assemblies).[1] Each District, Municipal or Metropolitan Area and it's corresponding constituency, is administered by a Chief Executive and a Member of Parliamnet, representing the central government but deriving authority from an Assembly headed by a presiding member elected from among the members themselves. The MMDA's were increased from 3 to 5 in 1988; then from 5 to 6 in 2004; then from 6 to 10 in 2008; then from 10 to 16 in 2012; and recently from 16 to 29 in 2018. The number of constituencies increased/spread from 22 to 27 in 2004 making and 34 prior to the 2012 Ghanaian general election.The current list is as follows:

District Capital Constituency Member of Parliament Party
Ablekuma Central Municipal Lartebiokorshie Ablekuma Central Dan Abdul-latif NDC
Ablekuma North Municipal Darkuman Ablekuma North Sheila Bartels NPP
Ablekuma West Municipal Dansoman Ablekuma West Ursula G Owusu NPP
Accra Metropolitan Accra Ablekuma South Alfred Okoe Vanderpuije NDC
Odododiodio Edwin Nii Lante Vanderpuye NDC
Okaikwei Central Patrick Yaw Boamah NPP
Okaikwei South Dakoa Newman NPP
Ada East Ada Foah Ada Comfort Doyoe Cudjoe-Ghansah NDC
Ada West Sege Sege Christian Corleytey Otuteye NDC
Adenta Municipal Adenta Adenta Mohammed Adamu Ramadan NDC
Ashaiman Municipal Ashaiman Ashaiman Ashaiman NDC
Ayawaso Central Municipal Kokomlemle Ayawaso Central Henry Quartey NPP
Ayawaso East Municipal Nima Ayawaso East Naser Toure Mahama NDC
Ayawaso North Municipal Accra New Town Ayawaso North Yussif Issaka Jajah NDC
Ayawaso West Municipal Dzorwulu Ayawaso West Lydia Alhassan NPP
Ga Central Municipal Sowutuom Anyaa-Sowutuom Dickson Adomako Kissi NPP
Ga East Municipal Abokobi Dome-Kwabenya Sarah Adwoa Safo NPP
Ga North Municipal Amomole Trobu Moses Anim NPP
Ga South Municipal Ngleshie Amanfro Bortianor-Ngleshie-Amanfrom Sylvester Tetteh NPP
Domeabra-Obom Sophia Karen Edem Ackuaku NDC
Ga West Municipal Amasaman Amasaman Akwasi Owusu Afrifa-Mensah NPP
Korle Klottey Municipal Osu Korle Klottey Zanetor Agyeman-Rawlings NDC
Kpone Katamanso Municipal Kpone Kpone-Katamanso Joseph Akuerteh NDC
Krowor Municipal Nungua Krowor Agnes Naa Momo Lartey NDC
La Dade Kotopon Municipal La Dade Kotopon Rita Naa Odoley Sowah NDC
La Nkwantanang Madina Municipal Madina Abokobi-Madina Francis-Xavier Kojo Sosu NDC
Ledzokuku Municipal Teshie Ledzokuku Benjamin Ayiku Nartey NDC
Ningo Prampram Prampram Ningo-Prampram Samuel George Nartey NDC
Okaikwei North Municipal Tesano Okaikwei North Theresa Lardi Awuni NDC
Shai Osudoku Dodowa Shai-Osudoku Linda Obenewaa Akweley Ocloo NDC
Tema Metropolitan Tema Tema Central Yves Hanson-Nortey NPP
Tema East Isaac Ashai Odamtten NDC
Tema West Municipal Tema Community 18 Tema West Carlos Kingsley Ahenkora NPP
Weija Gbawe Municipal Weija Weija Tina Gifty Naa Ayeley Mensah NPP

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

The center of population of the Greater Accra region is located in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area which comprises the Accra Metropolitan, Tema Metropolitan, Adenta Municipal, La Nkwantanang Madina Municipal District, Ashaiman Municipal, Ledzokuku-Krowor Municipal, Ga East Municipal, Ga West Municipal, and Ga South Municipal districts[9]

According to the 2010 census, the region had a population of 4,010,054, making it the second most populous (total number of people) region of Ghana behind the Ashanti Region.[4] Owing to in-migration and a high population growth rate, however, the region has the highest population density in the country.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1984 1,431,099—    
2000 2,905,726+103.0%
2010 4,010,054+38.0%
2019 4,943,100+23.3%
source:[10]

Ethnicity[edit]

The Ga sub-group of the Ga-Dangme people is the historical population of Accra. They form the largest ethnic sub-group in the Greater Accra Region, with 18.9% of the population.[11][circular reference] The Ga peoples were organized into six independent towns (Accra (Ga Mashie), Osu, La, Teshie, Nungua, and Tema). Each town had a stool, which served as the central object of Ga ritual and war magic. Now, the town of La has a community bank which offers banking services to them.[12] Accra became the most prominent Ga-Dangme towns and is now the heartbeat and capital of Ghana.[4] The Ga people were originally farmers, but today fishing and trading in imported goods are the principal occupations. Trading is generally in the hands of women, and a husband has no control over his wife's money. Succession to most offices held by women and inheritance of women's property are by matrilineal descent. Inheritance of other property and succession to male-held public offices are by patrilineal descent. Men of the lineage live together in a men's compound, while women, even after marriage, live with their mothers and children in a women's compound. Each Ga town has a number of different cults and many gods, and there are a number of annual town festivals. The Adangme people occupy the coastal area of Ghana from Le Kpone to Ada, on the Volta River and South Atlantic Ocean along the Gulf of Guinea and inland along the Volta River. The Adangme People include the Ada, Le Kpone, Krobo, Ningo, Osuduku, Prampram, and Shai, all speaking Adangbe of the Kwa branch of the Niger-Congo family of languages. [5] The Adangme People have the largest Population among the two related Ga-Adangme People. About 70% of the Greater Accra Regional Land is owned by the Adangmes located in Dangme East and Dangme West Districts of Ghana.

Immigration[edit]

1.3% of the inhabitants of the Greater Accra Region are immigrants from outside Ghana.

The largest portion of the population of Accra is Akan, at 39.8% of the population. The next largest group is Ga-Dangme at 30.7% of the population. After this 18% of the population is Ewe.[13] The Ga sub-group of the Ga-Dangme people is the historical population of Accra. They form the largest ethnic sub-group in the Greater Accra Region, with 18.9% of the population. The Fante are the next largest ethnic sub-group, with 10% of the population.

Population growth[edit]

In 1960 the population of the Greater Accra Region was 491,817. In 2000 the population was 2,905,726. In 2010 the population was 4,010,054.[13][4]

Religion[edit]

The religious affiliations of the people of the Greater Accra region are below:[1]

  • Christian – 76.8%
  • Muslim –17.2%
  • Other Religions – 4.6%
  • Traditional – 1.4%

Transportation[edit]

The Greater Accra region is served by the Kotoka International Airport in Accra. The airport offers flight to destinations within Ghana, the African continent and to other continents.

Four National highways – N1, N2, N4 and N6 – and one Regional highway – R40 – pass through the Greater Accra region. N1 enters the region in Ada to the east and runs west, intersecting the N2 at Tema, the Ghana Road Network Tetteh Quarshie Interchange, and the N6 at Achimota. It passes through Kokrobite and exits the region at Weija where it continues on through the Central Region to Elubo in the Western region. The N2 crosses the Eastern Regional border into Asikuma and runs north entering the Upper East Region, ending at Kulungugu. The N4 heads north from the Tetteh Quarshie Interchange, while the N6 originates from Achimota. These highways cut through the northern part of the region and terminate at Kumasi in the Ashanti Region.

There is also an active railway line connecting Accra and Tema.

Education[edit]

Senior high schools[edit]

  • Christian Methodist Senior High School
  • Accra Academy
  • St. Martins Senior High School
  • Accra Girls Senior High School
  • Accra High School
  • Accra Wesley Girls' High School
  • Achimota Senior High School
  • Ebenezer Senior High School
  • Holy Trinity Cathedral Senior High School
  • Kaneshie Senior High School
  • Kinbu Senior High School
  • Presbyterian Senior High School, Osu
  • Wesley Grammar Senior High School
  • St. Mary's Senior High School
  • St. Margaret-Mary Senior High School
  • Sacred Heart Vocational Institute
  • Accra Technical Training Centre
  • Accra Wesley Girls' Senior High School
  • Chemu Senior High School
  • Manhean Senior High School
  • Tema Senior High School
  • Methodist Day Senior High School
  • Presbyterian Senior High School, Tema
  • Our Lady Of Mercy Senior High School
  • Tema Technical Institute
  • Labone Senior High School
  • Presbyterian Senior High Sch, La
  • St. Thomas Aquinas Senior High School
  • Armed Forces Senior High Technical
  • Amasaman Senior High Technical School
  • St. John's Grammar Senior High School
  • Ngleshie Amanfro Senior High School
  • Odorgonno Senior High School
  • West African Senior High School
  • Presbyterian Boys' Senior High School, Legon
  • Ada Senior High School
  • Ada Technical Institute
  • Ada Senior High Technical School
  • Osudoku Senior High School
  • Ningo Senior High School
  • Prampram Senior High School
  • Ashaiman Senior High School
  • Don Bosco Senior High Technical School
  • Nungua Senior High School
  • O'reilly Senior High School
  • Presbyteian Senior High School, Teishie
  • Teishie Technical Training Centre
  • The Morning Star International High School, Dodowa
  • Kpone Community Day Senior High School
  • Kwabenya Community Day Senior High School
  • Frafraha Community Day Senior
  • Ghanata Senior High School

Higher education[edit]

Greater Accra has three public four-year institutions, the University of Ghana in Accra, Ghana Institute of Journalism and University of Professional Studies, East Legon, Accra. In addition, there are number of private universities and university colleges spread through the region.

Shopping centres and their locations[edit]

  • Accra Mall - Tetteh Quarshie Roundabout
  • Melcom Shopping Centers- Accra Central,Adabraka, North Industrial Area, Spintex, Teshie, La, Dansoman, Achimota, Wejja, Kasoa etc
  • Marina Mall - Airport Area
  • West Hills Mall - Weija
  • Oxford Street Mall - Osu
  • The Junction Mall - Nungua
  • The Achimota Mall - Achimota
  • A&C Mall - East Legon
  • The Palace Mall - Spintex
  • The China Mall - Spintex

Sports[edit]

Famous native and resident citizens[edit]

Famous native citizens of Greater Accra
# Citizen Settlement
1 Terry Darious N Gibson Nima/Korle Gono
2 Stonebwoy Ashaiman
3 Joselyn Canfor Dumas Accra
4 Azumah Nelson Accra
5 Arthur Wharton Accra
6 Guy Warren Accra
7 Asamoah Gyan Accra
8 Leo Myles-Mills Accra
9 Shatta Wale Accra

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Greater Accra Region". Ghanadistricts.com. Archived from the original on 27 June 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Greater Accra | Regional Health Directorate | Ghana Health Service". www.ghanahealthservice.org. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b c "Population & Housing Census 2010" (PDF). Ghana Statistical Service. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  5. ^ "Greater Accra - Government of Ghana". www.ghana.gov.gh. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  6. ^ Songsore, Jacob. "The Urban Transition in Ghana: Urbanization, National Development and Poverty Reduction" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 April 2016.
  7. ^ "Greater Accra Region - Political Administration".
  8. ^ "Lakeside Marina Park". BeautifulGhana. 20 February 2018. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  9. ^ "Environmental and Structural Inequalities in Greater Accra". The Journal of the International Institute. Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  10. ^ Ghana population statistics
  11. ^ Ga-Adangbe people
  12. ^ "La Community Bank". Ghana Yello. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Greater Accra - Government of Ghana". www.ghana.gov.gh.