Greater Anglia (train operating company)

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Greater Anglia
AbellioEastAnglia.svg
Greater Anglia 745010 Colchester.jpg
Class 745 at Colchester in February 2020
Overview
Franchise(s)Greater Anglia
5 February 2012 – 15 October 2016
East Anglia
16 October 2016 – 11 October 2025
Main region(s)Cambridgeshire, Essex, Norfolk & Suffolk
Other region(s)London & Hertfordshire
Fleet size
Stations called at149
Stations operated133
Parent companyAbellio (60%)
Mitsui & Co. (40%)
Reporting markLE[1]
PredecessorNational Express East Anglia
Other
Websitegreateranglia.co.uk
Route map
EastAngliaFranchise.svg

Greater Anglia (legal name Abellio East Anglia Limited)[3] is a train operating company in Great Britain owned as a joint venture by Abellio, the international arm of the state-owned Dutch national rail operator Nederlandse Spoorwegen, and the Japanese trading company Mitsui & Co. It operates the East Anglia franchise, providing the commuter and intercity services from its Central London terminus at London Liverpool Street to Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk and parts of Hertfordshire and Cambridgeshire as well as many regional services throughout the East of England.

Abellio began operating the franchise, then known as the Greater Anglia franchise, in February 2012. Initially, it traded under the same name until it rebranded as Abellio Greater Anglia in December 2013. Shortly after taking over operations, the company initiated a series of projects to improve service levels, including the procurement of new trains and the launch of the 'Norwich in 90' programme to reduce travel times between several major locations on its network. In May 2015, Greater Anglia's stopping metro services were transferred to London Overground and the precursor to Crossrail, TfL Rail.

The franchise was re-tendered as the East Anglia franchise, and awarded to Abellio in August 2016. The company resumed trading as Greater Anglia on 16 October 2016 when the new franchise commenced. In January 2017, Abellio announced that subject to gaining Department for Transport approval, it had agreed to sell a 40% stake in the business to Mitsui. Since the completion of the sale in March 2017, Greater Anglia has incorporated several Japanese planning tools and practices. Trade unions have objected to some of the changes made by the company, leading to industrial action in 2017 and 2018 as a result of the dispute.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

Abellio Greater Anglia logo as used from December 2013 until October 2016

In December 2003, the Strategic Rail Authority awarded the Greater Anglia franchise to National Express, which began operations on 1 April 2004, initially under the brand-name One.[4][5] The franchise was to run until March 2011, with provision for a three-year extension if performance targets were met. In November 2009, the Department for Transport (DfT) announced that National Express would not be granted the three-year extension even though it had met the performance criteria, because National Express East Coast had defaulted on the InterCity East Coast franchise.[6][7]

Following a change of government as a result of the 2010 general election, the DfT announced in June 2010 that all refranchising would be put on hold while a process review was conducted.[8] As a result, National Express East Anglia was granted an initial extension until October 2011, followed by another until February 2012.[9]

In March 2011, the DfT announced that Abellio, Go-Ahead, and Stagecoach had been shortlisted to bid for the franchise.[10] In October 2011, the new franchise was awarded to Abellio; accordingly, the services previously operated by National Express East Anglia were transferred to Greater Anglia on 5 February 2012.[11][12][13]

The Greater Anglia franchise was originally to run until July 2014; the reason for awarding a short franchise at a time when the government was speaking of its desire for longer franchises was to allow the government to digest the recommendations of the McNulty Rail Value for Money study before letting a long-term franchise. In March 2013, the Secretary of State for Transport announced the franchise would again be extended until 15 October 2016.[14] Greater Anglia was rebranded as Abellio Greater Anglia in December 2013.[15]

Changes[edit]

Prior to Greater Anglia, the last period of substantial investment in the region had been nearly 30 years earlier, specifically the electrification of the line north of Ipswich.[16] At the commencement of the franchise, railway commentator Philip Haigh observed that the region's services had changed little since the BR days, and that change was overdue. During the negotiations for the award of the franchise, Greater Anglia pledged to undertake numerous investments that would improve the various services and facilities offered.[16] On 4 November 2014, the Great Eastern Main Line Taskforce released its investment analysis report, which included a detailed breakdown of several proposed investments in the region's rail network.[16]

One major initiative that was commenced by Greater Anglia shortly after it took over operations was the 'Norwich in 90' campaign, aimed at introducing faster journey times, such as between London and Colchester within 40 minutes, London and Ipswich in 60 minutes, and London and Norwich in 90 minutes.[16] Several organisations, including Norfolk County Council, had been calling for such a scheme to be undertaken since as early as 2009. Abello had acknowledged such calls in 2012, but could not justify making very substantial investments during the initial franchise period due to the short timescale involved.[16] The creation of the Great Eastern Rail Taskforce in 2013 was seen as a major step towards this. In 2015, Chloe Smith, Norwich North MP and co-chairman of the taskforce, noted that the scheme was as much a political effort as it was an engineering one.[16]

By the 2010s, the region's rail infrastructure was relatively worn-out and prone to unreliability. Modernisation efforts would therefore focus not only on improving absolute speeds but on reducing failure rates as well.[16] This work is being undertaken as a multiagency effort, involving not only infrastructure changes carried out by Network Rail and various civil engineering companies, but also the procurement of new rolling stock and other efforts. It was recognised early on that, for the intercity services to be meaningfully speeded up, slower regional trains could not feasibly be overtaken or avoided on the mostly twin-track line, so that services overall would need to be accelerated.[16] There has also been an aspiration to increase the number of trains between Norwich and London to three per hour, although capacity constraints such as the single-track section in the vicinity of the Trowse Swing Bridge would need to be overcome to facilitate this.[16]

Some services have been transferred from Greater Anglia's management to other rail operators. On 31 May 2015, the Liverpool Street to Enfield Town, Cheshunt (via Seven Sisters) and Chingford services, as well as the Romford to Upminster service, were transferred to London Overground Rail Operations.[17] On the same day, the Liverpool Street to Shenfield stopping services were also transferred to the TfL Rail concession managed by MTR.[18]

In June 2015, an Abellio (60%) / Stagecoach (40%) joint venture, FirstGroup and National Express were shortlisted to bid for the franchise.[19] In December 2015, it was announced that Stagecoach had pulled out of the joint bid with Abellio, and that Abellio would continue the bid alone.[20] In August 2016, it was announced that Abellio had successfully retained the franchise until 2025. One commitment of the new franchise period is the purchase of 1,043 new carriages, 660 from Bombardier Transportation's Derby Litchurch Lane Works with the remainder being built by Stadler Rail.[21][22] In January 2017, Abellio announced that, subject to gaining DfT approval, it had agreed to sell a 40% stake in the business to Mitsui.[23] The sale was completed in March 2017.[24] Reportedly, Greater Anglia has incorporated numerous planning and operational practices of the Japanese railways, such as the use of digital twin simulation software for analysing performance and developing its timetables, since the acquisition.[25]

In August 2017, amidst a background of ongoing rail strikes on a national level, Greater Anglia conductors voted in favour of going on strike in a dispute over planned ticket office closures and the planned introduction of more widespread driver-only operation on the Greater Anglia network.[26] On numerous occasions since October 2017, industrial action has been taken by portions of the company's employees, and the principal matter of dispute has seen no effective resolution. The National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers (RMT) has accused Greater Anglia of conducting alleged strike-breaking tactics and claimed that its use of stand-in conductors led to passengers' safety being jeopardised.[27][28] The dispute between Greater Anglia and the RMT continued into 2018, with further strikes threatened during the summer that affected around 40 percent of the operator's services.[29]

Franchise commitments[edit]

Greater Anglia franchise (2012–2016)[edit]

A number of improvements were planned during the first franchise period (2012-2016) which included:[11]

  • Improved station and ticket facilities and better information for passengers;
  • A text messaging service to keep passengers informed of any disruptions;
  • Extending Oyster card pay-as-you-go capabilities between London Liverpool Street and Shenfield / Hertford East;
  • Mobile-phone and print-at-home ticketing facilities;
  • 600 extra car park spaces at stations;
  • Additional bicycle storage facilities;
  • New automatic ticket barriers at Brentwood (no automatic ticket barrier was installed by Abellio Greater Anglia and management of the station later passed to TfL Rail).

East Anglia franchise (2016–2025)[edit]

The following improvements have been planned as part of the Abellio bid for the East Anglia franchise (2016-2025):[30]

  • Replacement of the entire current fleet, with 1,043 new vehicles by September 2020 to run on the Regional, Intercity, Dutchflyer, Stansted Express, West Anglia and Great Eastern routes.
  • Extensive refurbishment of some of the existing vehicles, prior to replacement.
  • Raise Public Performance Measure scores to at least 92.9%.
  • Two weekday trains operating between Norwich and Ipswich to London with a journey time of 90 min and 60 min respectively.[31]
  • Free WiFi on trains and stations.
  • £60 million investment for station upgrades with a focus on Broxbourne, Cambridge, Cheshunt, Harlow Town and Southend Victoria stations.
  • Introduction of digital information screens on all stations with improvements in car and cycle parking (1,800 and 4,000 extra spaces respectively) along with upgrades to ticket offices and vending machines.
  • New ticketing programmes with offers for infrequent travellers and part-time workers.
  • Introduction of an automatic Delay Repay service for season and advance ticket holders.
  • £120 million of investment into depots with a new maintenance facility at Manningtree.
  • Hiring of twenty trainees per year and at least thirty apprenticeships by 2019.
  • Extension of the Gainsborough Line from Marks Tey to Colchester Town.[32]
  • Reintroduction of four direct Lowestoft to London services on the East Suffolk Line.
  • Improving the frequency of the Ipswich to Ely Line services to Peterborough from every two hours to hourly with some additional services extending to Colchester.
  • Improving the frequency of the Ipswich to Cambridge Line and East Suffolk Line services from every two hours to hourly respectively on Sundays.

Services[edit]

As of December 2019, the following services operate during the off-peak period, Monday to Saturday:[33]

Intercity
Route tph Calling at Stock
London Liverpool Street - Norwich 1 Colchester, Manningtree, Ipswich, Diss 321,
745
1 Stratford[a], Chelmsford, Colchester, Manningtree, Ipswich, Stowmarket, Diss
Great Eastern
Route tph Calling at Stock
London Liverpool Street - Southend Victoria 3 Stratford, Romford (1tph), Shenfield, Billericay, Wickford, Rayleigh, Hockley, Rochford, Southend Airport, Prittlewell 321,
322,
720
Wickford - Southminster 1+12 Battlesbridge, South Woodham Ferrers, North Fambridge, Althorne, Burnham-on-Crouch
London Liverpool Street - Ipswich 1 Stratford, Shenfield, Chelmsford, Hatfield Peverel, Witham, Kelvedon, Marks Tey, Colchester, Manningtree
London Liverpool Street - Colchester Town 1 Stratford, Romford, Shenfield, Chelmsford, Witham, Kelvedon, Marks Tey, Colchester
London Liverpool Street - Clacton-on-Sea 1 Stratford, Shenfield, Ingatestone, Chelmsford, Witham, Colchester, Wivenhoe, Thorpe-le-Soken
London Liverpool Street - Braintree 1 Stratford, Shenfield, Ingatestone, Chelmsford, Witham, White Notley, Cressing, Braintree Freeport
Colchester - Walton-on-the-Naze 1 Colchester Town (trains reverse), Hythe, Wivenhoe, Alresford, Great Bentley, Weeley, Thorpe-le-Soken, Kirby Cross, Frinton-on-Sea
Colchester - Colchester Town 1
Manningtree - Harwich Town 1 Mistley, Wrabness, Harwich International, Dovercourt
Marks Tey - Sudbury 1 Chappel & Wakes Colne, Bures 755
West Anglia
Route tph Calling at Stock
London Liverpool Street - Hertford East 2 Hackney Downs, Tottenham Hale, Ponders End, Brimsdown, Enfield Lock, Waltham Cross, Cheshunt, Broxbourne, Rye House, St Margarets, Ware 317,
379
Stratford - Meridian Water 2 Lea Bridge, Tottenham Hale, Northumberland Park
Stratford - Bishop's Stortford 1 Lea Bridge, Tottenham Hale, Waltham Cross, Cheshunt, Broxbourne, Harlow Town, Sawbridgeworth
1 Lea Bridge, Tottenham Hale, Northumberland Park, Enfield Lock, Cheshunt, Broxbourne, Roydon, Harlow Town, Harlow Mill, Sawbridgeworth
London Liverpool Street - Cambridge North 1 Tottenham Hale, Cheshunt, Broxbourne, Harlow Town, Bishop's Stortford, Audley End, Whittlesford Parkway, Cambridge
1 Tottenham Hale, Cheshunt, Broxbourne, Roydon, Harlow Town, Harlow Mill, Sawbridgeworth, Bishop's Stortford, Stansted Mountfitchet, Elsenham, Newport, Audley End, Great Chesterford, Whittlesford Parkway, Shelford, Cambridge
Regional
Route tph Calling at Stock
Ipswich - Felixstowe 1 Westerfield, Derby Road, Trimley 755
Ipswich - Lowestoft 1 Woodbridge, Melton, Wickham Market, Saxmundham, Darsham, Halesworth, Brampton,[b] Beccles, Oulton Broad South
Ipswich - Cambridge 1 Needham Market, Stowmarket, Elmswell, Thurston, Bury St Edmunds, Kennett (1tp2h), Newmarket, Dullingham (1tp2h)
Kennett and Dullingham are served by alternate trains.
Ipswich - Peterborough 12 Stowmarket, Bury St Edmunds, Ely, Manea, March, Whittlesea
Norwich - Sheringham 12 Salhouse (Norwich-bound only), Hoveton & Wroxham, Worstead (Sheringham-bound only), North Walsham, Cromer (trains reverse), West Runton
12 Salhouse (Sheringham-bound only), Hoveton & Wroxham, Worstead (Norwich-bound only), North Walsham, Gunton, Roughton Road, Cromer (trains reverse), West Runton
Norwich - Great Yarmouth 1 Brundall Gardens, Brundall, Lingwood, Acle
2tpd Brundall Gardens, Brundall, Buckenham, Cantley, Reedham, Berney Arms
Norwich - Lowestoft 12 Oulton Broad North
12 Brundall, Buckenham[b] (limited), Cantley, Reedham, Haddiscoe, Somerleyton, Oulton Broad North
Norwich - Stansted Airport 1 Wymondham, Spooner Row[b] (limited), Attleborough, Eccles Road (limited), Harling Road (limited), Thetford, Brandon, Lakenheath[b] (limited), Shippea Hill[b] (limited), Ely, Cambridge North, Cambridge, Whittlesford Parkway, Audley End

Airport rail link[edit]

Greater Anglia operates the Stansted Express sub-branded airport rail link between London Liverpool Street and Stansted Airport.[34]

Stansted Express
Route tph Calling at Stock
London Liverpool Street - Stansted Airport 2 Tottenham Hale, Bishop's Stortford 745
2 Tottenham Hale, Harlow Town, Stansted Mountfitchet (1tph)

Boat train[edit]

Greater Anglia operates the Dutchflyer sub-branded boat train between London Liverpool Street and Harwich International.[35] There is no special livery for trains.

Dutchflyer
Route tpd Calling at Stock
London Liverpool Street - Harwich International 4 Stratford, Shenfield, Chelmsford, Witham, Kelvedon, Marks Tey, Colchester, Manningtree 321,
322
Cambridge - Harwich International 1 Dullingham, Newmarket, Kennett, Bury St Edmunds, Thurston, Elmswell, Stowmarket, Needham Market, Ipswich 755
Lowestoft - Harwich International 1 Oulton Broad South, Beccles, Brampton, Halesworth, Darsham, Saxmundham, Wickham Market, Melton, Woodbridge, Ipswich

Performance[edit]

Punctuality statistics released by Network Rail for period 7 of 2013/2014 were 94.0% PPM (Public Performance Measure), down 1.0 percentage point on the same period ine the previous year, and the MAA (Moving Annual Average) up to 12 October 2013 also fell slightly to 92.3%.[36] In 2013, Abellio Greater Anglia was named train operator of the year.[37] However, a survey in February 2014 by the consumer group Which? found that customer satisfaction with Abellio Greater Anglia was at last place (out of 20 train operators) with a satisfaction percentage of 40%,[38] and in 2016 Abellio Greater Anglia was rated the fourth worst UK train operator with a commuter rail services satisfaction rating of 35%.[39]

Forecasts issued during the mid-2010s predicted that demand on the GEML into London from Suffolk and Norfolk was expected to grow by 32 percent, while demand from Essex was to go up by 52 percent.[16] This prediction was in spite of the relatively low levels of subsidies provided for Greater Anglia's operations, and the general lack of improvements in prior years; according to industry periodical Rail, it was the second least subsidised passenger operator by 2015.[16]

Rolling stock[edit]

Greater Anglia inherited a fleet of Class 90, Mark 3 carriages, Driving Van Trailers, Class 153, Class 156 and Class 170 diesel multiple units, and Class 315, Class 317, Class 321, Class 360 and Class 379 electric multiple units from National Express East Anglia. Due to its short initial franchise term, Greater Anglia was not planning to introduce any new trains,[40] although this policy changed substantially following the start of its second franchise term in October 2016.

In November 2013, an online petition was launched, aimed at stopping Greater Anglia's trains from dumping raw sewage from the train toilets directly onto the tracks.[41] There were also concerns with the 'sewage mist' from passing trains making Network Rail staff ill, and Greater Anglia announced it was "working closely" with the government to introduce a fleet upgrade.[42] By October 2016, all the franchise's Mark 3 carriages and Class 156 multiple units had been refitted with controlled emission toilets.[43]

On 31 May 2015, the company's fleet of Class 315 trains were cascaded to London Overground and TfL Rail, and some Class 317 trains have been cascaded to London Overground, which has taken over local services in North and East London from the Greater Anglia franchise.[17]

In August 2016, it was announced 1,043 new carriages would be purchased, which will allow for all of the ageing stock to be replaced, especially necessary given that a number of coaches are not compliant with accessibility requirements beyond 2020 and they would not be able to meet Abellio's new targets for lower journey times without extensive modification.[44][45] One part of the contract went to Bombardier with nearly £1 billion to build 111 Bombardier Aventra electric multiple units and the other part of the purchase went to Stadler to build 58 FLIRT electric multiple units, all of which would enter service between August 2019 and September 2020.[22][30][46]

Bombardier's order included all 111 Class 720 units for taking over local and commuter services out of Liverpool Street.[47] Stadler's order included 20 twelve-carriage Class 745 units for taking over intercity services on the Great Eastern Main Line and the Stansted Express[48] as well as 38 three- and four-carriage Class 755 units for taking over all local diesel services from the previous outdated rolling stock.[49] By July 2020, all Class 755 trains have entered passenger service.[citation needed]

The first unit of the new order to enter service was the Class 755 fleet, of which the first one entered service on 29 July 2019 on the Norwich to Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft route.[50] The next of the order was the Class 745/0 fleet, of which the first one entered service on 8 January 2020 on the Great Eastern Main Line operating services between Norwich and Liverpool Street.[51] Following the introduction of these units, the loco-hauled Class 90 sets have all been withdrawn from service, with the last set running its last services on 24 March 2020.[52]

In March 2020, testing of the new Class 720 fleet finally began and is continuing to be done despite the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in order to allow the first unit to enter service within the next few months.[53][54] In June 2020, the units were authorised to enter passenger service and after further testing and crew training, the first two units finally entered service on 26 November 2020 as a pairing on the Shenfield to Southend Line.[55][56]

Beginning in June 2020, Class 360s began moving to Kings Heath TMD, Northampton for modifications by Siemens to make them 110mph in preparation for their transfer to East Midlands Railway.[57] Due to delays in commissioning the Class 720s and to allow the Class 360s to be released, three Class 321/9s and five Class 322s, last used by Northern Trains were leased from July 2020.[58][59] The first unit bound for East Midlands Railway, 360120, moved to Cricklewood Depot on 10 November 2020, with all having transferred to EMR by February 2021.[60]

Current fleet[edit]

Trainset[clarification neededdiscuss] Class Image Type Top speed Cars Number Routes operated Built
mph km/h
Shunting locomotive
08[citation needed] Shunter 15 24 N/A 3 Stock movements 1952–62
Electric multiple units
BR Second Generation (Mark 3) 317/1 317345 at Cambridge 2.jpg EMU 100 161 4 12 Fen Line
Hertford East Branch Line
West Anglia Main Line
1981–82
317/5 317512 Passes Bethnal Green by Joshua Brown.jpg 14
317/7 Liverpool Street station MMB 06 317708.jpg 8
317/8 317 882 Bethnal Green (8091140584).jpg 6
Class 317 Greater Anglia New Livery Diagram.png
321/3 321344 at Colchester.jpg EMU 100 161 4 46 Braintree Branch Line
Crouch Valley Line
Dutchflyer
Great Eastern Main Line
Mayflower Line
Shenfield to Southend Line
Sunshine Coast Line
1988–91
321/4 321440 Greater Anglia.JPG 30
321/9 Hugh llewelyn 321 901 (6400797337).jpg 3
Class 321 Greater Anglia Renatus Diagram.png
322[61][62] 322485 Leeds.jpg EMU 100 161 4 5 Braintree Branch Line
Crouch Valley Line
Dutchflyer
Great Eastern Main Line
Mayflower Line
Shenfield to Southend Line
Sunshine Coast Line
1990
Class 321 & 322 GA.png
Bombardier Electrostar 379 Tottenham Hale BR station 20161116 091106 (40816506833).jpg EMU 100 160 4 30 Fen Line
West Anglia Main Line
2010–11
GA Class 379 w-pantograph.png
Bombardier Aventra 720/5 720545 on test at Wolverton, 21 09 2020.jpg EMU 100 160 5 89 (17 in service) Fen Line
Hertford East Branch Line
West Anglia Main Line
Braintree Branch Line
Crouch Valley Line
Dutchflyer
Great Eastern Main Line
Shenfield to Southend Line
Sunshine Coast Line
2018–21
GA Class 720.png
Stadler FLIRT 745/0 Greater Anglia 745010 Colchester.jpg EMU 100 161 12 10 Great Eastern Main Line 2018–20
Class 745-0.png
745/1 British Rail Class 745 Danemoor.jpg EMU 100 161 12 10 Stansted Express 2018–20
Class 745-1.png
Bi-mode multiple units
Stadler FLIRT 755/3 2 Class 755s at Norwich Station.jpg BMU 100 161 3 14 Wherry Lines
Breckland Line
Bittern Line
East Suffolk Line
West Anglia Main Line
Felixstowe Branch Line
Ipswich to Cambridge Line
Gainsborough Line
2018–20
GA Class 755 3.png
755/4 755407AtThetford.jpg BMU 100 161 4 24 Wherry Lines
Breckland Line
Bittern Line
East Suffolk Line
West Anglia Main Line
Felixstowe Branch Line
Ipswich to Cambridge Line
Gainsborough Line
2018–20
GA Class 755 4.png

Future fleet[edit]

Since November 2020, the 720/5 units have began to enter passenger service, while the additional 720/5 units (numbered 720101–720144) are still currently in production and will begin operation in 2021.

Trainset Class Image Type Top speed Cars Number Routes operated Built Into service
mph km/h
Bombardier Aventra 720/5 720545 on test at Wolverton, 21 09 2020.jpg EMU 100 160 5 44 Fen Line
Hertford East Branch Line
West Anglia Main Line
Braintree Branch Line
Crouch Valley Line
Dutchflyer
Great Eastern Main Line
Shenfield to Southend Line
Sunshine Coast Line
TBC 2021
GA Class 720.png

Past fleet[edit]

Former train types operated by Greater Anglia include:

Trainset Class Image Type Top speed Cars Number Built Routes operated Notes
mph km/h
Locomotive hauled stock
37 Class 37 37194.jpg Diesel locomotive 80 130 N/A 4 1960–65 Wherry Lines Returned to Direct Rail Services after hire period: Class 68 locos in 2017; Class 37 locos and Mark 2 carriages in 2019.
Stadler UKLight 68 Marylebone - DRS 68008 (Chiltern 172104).JPG 100 161 3 2013–17
Mark 2 Direct Rail Services Mark 2e TSO 5787 at Norwich.JPG Carriage 13 1963–75
90 90002 at Ipswich (31227986510).jpg Electric locomotive 110 177 9 15 1987–90 Great Eastern Main Line Transferred to Freightliner (13 locos) and Locomotive Services Limited (two locos).[63]
Mark 3 Mk3 Standard Open 12110.jpg Carriage 125 201 130 1975–88
  • Returned to the leasing companies for storage/preservation.
  • Some have been sent to Newport or Rotherham for scrapping.
Driving Van Trailer Stowmarket - Greater Anglia 82107.JPG Control car 15 1988–90
Diesel multiple units
Super Sprinter 153 153306 and 153309 at Great Yarmouth.jpg DMU 75 121 1 5 1991–92 Wherry Lines
Breckland Line
Bittern Line
East Suffolk Line
Felixstowe Branch Line
Ipswich to Cambridge Line
Gainsborough Line
Transferred to Transport for Wales in 2019.
156 Bitten Line Train Beeston Regis .JPG 2 9 1987–88 Transferred to East Midlands Railway in 2019–20.
Bombardier Turbostar 170/2 Needham Market - Greater Anglia 170272 Ipswich train.JPG 100 161 2 4 2002 Transferred to Transport for Wales in 2019–20.
3 8 1999
Stowmarket - Greater Anglia 170205 Ipswich train.JPG Class 170 Greater Anglia 2 Car Updated Livery.png

Class 170 Greater Anglia 3 Car Updated Livery.png

Electric multiple units
BREL 1972 315 Romford railway station MMB 15 315803.jpg EMU 75 121 4 61 1980–81 Shenfield Metro
Lea Valley Lines
Romford-Upminster Line
All transferred in 2015 to TfL Rail (44 units) and London Overground (17 units).
315GA.png
BR Second Generation (Mark 3) 317/5 317512 Passes Bethnal Green by Joshua Brown.jpg 100 161 4 2 1981–82 Fen Line
Hertford East Branch Line
West Anglia Main Line
  • 1 unit scrapped at Eastleigh Works in 2020.
  • 1 unit scrapped at Sims Metal Group in Newport in 2021.[64]
317/6 317667 at Cheshunt.jpg 24 1985–87 Fen Line
Hertford East Branch Line
West Anglia Main Line
  • 13 units stored.
  • 11 units scrapped.
317/7 317708 at Seven Sisters.jpg 9 1981–82 Lea Valley Lines
  • 14 units transferred to London Overground in 2015; one 317/7 unit stored.
  • All transferred 317/7 units returned to Greater Anglia in late 2020.
317/8 London Overground Class 317 at Rectory Road June 2019.jpg 6
Class 317 Greater Anglia Diagram.png
321 321344 at Colchester.jpg 100 161 4 2 1988–91 Braintree Branch Line
Crouch Valley Line
Dutchflyer
Great Eastern Main Line
Mayflower Line
Shenfield to Southend Line
Sunshine Coast Line
Transferred to Abellio ScotRail in 2018 and converted to Class 320/4 units.
2 Converted to Class 600 units in 2020.
22 Scrapped.
1 Conversion to Swift Express.[65]
Class 321 New Greater Anglia Diagram.png
Siemens Desiro 360/1 360101 at a Frosty Manningtree.jpg 110 177 4 21 2002–03 Braintree Branch Line
Dutchflyer
Great Eastern Main Line
Mayflower Line
Sunshine Coast Line
Transferred to East Midlands Railway in 2020–21.
GA Class 360 1 w-pantograph.png

Depots[edit]

Greater Anglia's fleet is maintained at Clacton-on-Sea, Ilford and Crown Point depots.[66][67][68]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pick up only northbound, set down only southbound
  2. ^ a b c d e Request stop

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Greater Anglia". National Rail Enquiries. National Rail. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  2. ^ "Class 321s scrapped at Newport and Rotherham". Rail. No. 930. 5 May 2021. p. 31.
  3. ^ "Companies House extract company no 7861414: Abellio East Anglia Limited". companieshouse.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  4. ^ "National Express Group Announced as Preferred Bidder for new Greater Anglia Franchise" (Press release). Strategic Rail Authority. 22 December 2003. Archived from the original on 4 January 2004.
  5. ^ "National Express wins rail franchise". The Daily Telegraph. London. 22 December 2003. Archived from the original on 24 July 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  6. ^ "National Express loses East Anglia rail franchise". BBC News. 26 November 2009. Archived from the original on 10 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  7. ^ Millward, David (26 November 2009). "National Express loses East Anglia franchise three years early". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  8. ^ "Rail Franchising". Department for Transport. 17 June 2010.
  9. ^ Osborne, Alistair (15 September 2010). "National Express wins extension to East Anglia rail franchise". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  10. ^ "Shortlisted Bidders for Greater Anglia and Intercity West Coast Rail Franchises" (PDF). Department for Transport. 24 March 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2013.
  11. ^ a b "Better services for East Anglian passengers under new franchise" (Press release). Department for Transport. 20 October 2011.
  12. ^ "Abellio awarded Greater Anglia franchise". Railway Gazette International. London. 20 October 2011.
  13. ^ "Abellio has been awarded the Greater Anglia Franchise" (Press release). Abellio. 20 October 2011. Archived from the original on 25 October 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
  14. ^ "Railway plan puts new focus on passengers". Department for Transport. 26 March 2013.
  15. ^ "Mitsui & Co / East Japan Railway Company". railpro.co.uk. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Clinnick, Richard (22 July 2015). "The knock-on benefits of 'Norwich in 90'". Rail. Peterborough.
  17. ^ a b London Overground operator appointed to run additional services for TfL Archived 17 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine Travel & Tour World 4 June 2013.
  18. ^ "TfL announces MTR to run Crossrail services". Transport for London. 18 July 2014.
  19. ^ "Shortlist for East Anglia franchise announced". Department for Transport. 2 June 2015.
  20. ^ "Stagecoach pulls out of East Anglia rail franchise bid". BBC News. 9 December 2015.
  21. ^ "Better journeys for rail passengers and boost for Derby train industry as new East Anglia franchise announced" (Press release). Department for Transport. 10 August 2016.
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External links[edit]

Media related to Abellio Greater Anglia at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
National Express East Anglia
Operator of Greater Anglia franchise
2012 – 2016
Succeeded by
Greater Anglia
East Anglia franchise
Preceded by
Abellio Greater Anglia
Greater Anglia franchise
Operator of East Anglia franchise
2016 – 2025
Incumbent