Greater Cairo Area
|Consisting of||Cairo Governorate|
6th of October
Sheikh Zayed City
Shubra El Kheima
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||(Not observed)|
The Greater Cairo Area (GCA) (Arabic: القاهرة الكبرى El Qāhira El Kobrā) is the largest metropolitan area in Egypt, the largest urban area in Africa, the Middle East, and the Arab world, and the 16th largest metropolitan area in the world. It consists of all cities in the Cairo Governorate as well as Giza, 6th of October, Sheikh Zayed City in the Giza Governorate and Shubra El Kheima and Obour in the Qalyubia Governorate, with a total population estimated at 20,500,000 (as of 2012); area: 1,709 km2; density: 10,400/km2.
The Greater Cairo Area and its surrounding region is classified as hot desert climate (BWh) in Köppen-Geiger classification, as all of Egypt. Cairo and its surrounding region have very similar day to day temperatures; however, the less populated parts at the east and the west do not have the urban heat, which makes them more prone to have soft hail.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
60% of all informal houses in Egypt are located in the Greater Cairo area.
Surrounding cities and suburbs
- 6th of October
- Sheikh Zayed City
- New Cairo (including El Rehab and the Fifth Settlement)
- New Heliopolis
- El Shorouk
- The Evolving Urban Form: Cairo, New Geography, 13 June 2012, retrieved 9 October 2015
- Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections (PDF), Demographia, April 2009, retrieved 9 July 2009
- R.L. Forstall, R.P. Greene, and J.B. Pick, "Which are the largest? Why published populations for major world urban areas vary so greatly" Archived 31 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine, City Futures Conference, (University of Illinois at Chicago, July 2004) – Table 5 (p.34)
- "Cairo Climate and Weather Averages, Egypt". Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Urban Initiatives". UN-Habitat Egypt. Retrieved 30 October 2016.