Greater Cairo Area
Shubra El Kheima
|• Total||20,901,000 |
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||(Not observed)|
The Greater Cairo Area (GCA; Arabic: القاهرة الكبرى, romanized: Al-Qāhira al-Kubrā) is the largest metropolitan area in Egypt, the largest urban area in Africa, the Middle East, and the Arab world, and the 6th largest metropolitan area in the world. It consists of all cities in the Cairo Governorate as well as Giza, 6th of October, Sheikh Zayed City in the Giza Governorate and Shubra El Kheima and Obour in the Qalyubia Governorate, with a total population estimated at 20,901,000; area: 1,709 km2; density: 10,400/km2.
The Greater Cairo Area and its surrounding region is classified as hot desert climate (BWh) in Köppen-Geiger classification, as all of Egypt. Cairo and its surrounding region have very similar day to day temperatures; however, the less populated parts at the east and the west do not have the urban heat, which makes them more prone to have soft hail.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
60% of all informal houses in Egypt are located in the Greater Cairo area.
- Helwan (including 15th of May)
- Nasr city
- New Cairo
- El Shorouk City
- Shubra El Kheima
Surrounding cities and suburbs
- 6th of October
- Sheikh Zayed City
- New Cairo (including El Rehab and the Fifth Settlement)
- New Heliopolis
- El Shorouk
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- "Cairo Climate and Weather Averages, Egypt". Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Urban Initiatives". UN-Habitat Egypt. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.