Cairo by night
|Consisting of||Cairo Governorate
6th of October
Sheikh Zayed City
Shubra El Kheima
Greater Cairo (Arabic: القاهرة الكبرى El Qāhira El Kobrā) is the largest metropolitan area in Egypt and the largest urban area in Africa. It is the third largest urban area in the Islamic World after Jakarta and Karachi, and the world's 16th largest metropolitan area, consisting of all cities in the Cairo Governorate as well as Giza, 6th of October, Sheikh Zayed City in the Giza Governorate and Shubra El Kheima and Obour in the Qalyubia Governorate, with a total population estimated at 20,500,000 (as of 2012); area: 1,709 km2; density: 10,400/km2.
Greater Cairo and the surrounding area have a hot desert climate (BWh) in Köppen-Geiger classification, as all of Egypt. Cairo and its surrounding region have very similar day to day temperatures; however, the less populated parts at the east and the west do not have the urban heat, which makes them more prone to have ground frost and soft hail.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
60% of all informal houses in Egypt are located in the Greater Cairo area.
Surrounding cities and suburbs
- Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections (PDF), Demographia, April 2009, retrieved 9 July 2009
- R.L. Forstall, R.P. Greene, and J.B. Pick, "Which are the largest? Why published populations for major world urban areas vary so greatly", City Futures Conference, (University of Illinois at Chicago, July 2004) – Table 5 (p.34)
- The Evolving Urban Form: Cairo, New Geography, 13 June 2012, retrieved 9 Oct 2015
- "Cairo Climate and Weather Averages, Egypt". Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Urban Initiatives". UN-Habitat Egypt. Retrieved 30 October 2016.