Greater Cleveland Aquarium
|Date opened||January 21, 2012|
|Location||2000 Sycamore Street Cleveland, Ohio 44113, USA|
The Greater Cleveland Aquarium is an aquarium in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Occupying the historic FirstEnergy Powerhouse building located on the west bank of the Cuyahoga River in the city's Flats district, the aquarium which opened in January 2012 consists of approximately 70,000 square feet (6,500 m2) of exhibition space and features exhibits representing both local and exotic species of fish. The facility is the only free standing aquarium in the state of Ohio and ends a 26-year period that the city has been without a public aquarium.
The former Cleveland Aquarium opened on February 6, 1954, and was located on the city's near-east side in Gordon Park. It was created by the Cleveland Aquarium Society, a group formed in the 1940s, the City of Cleveland and the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, which operated the facility. The aquarium was housed in a building constructed in the 1930s that previously served as bath house. In 1943, the Cleveland Museum of Natural History converted it into a trailside museum, displaying local flora and fauna as well as exhibits of freshwater fish of Lake Erie. That museum closed in 1953 when the Cleveland Memorial Shoreway cut Gordon Park in two.
In the early 1950s, the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, which had previously had aquatic exhibits on its second floor of former home, moved to its own new building and consolidated its aquatic collection into the Cleveland Aquarium. The old Gordon Park trailside museum was renovated by Cleveland Aquarium Society volunteers for about $25,000.
The aquarium had 50 freshwater and marine exhibits including sharks, swordfish, sawfish, seahorses, eels, squid, octopus, and coral. It acquired a pair of Australian lungfish in 1966 and a school of red-bellied piranhas in 1970. Under the Natural History Museum's direction, the aquarium often drew more visitors than the building could handle. A $300,000 gift from the Leonard C. Hanna Foundation financed the construction of a new octagonal wing in 1967 that tripled the aquarium's size and increased its tank capacity from 8,000 to 82,000 US gallons (30,000–310,000 l).
Despite annual deficits experienced during decade, a city council override of a mayoral veto to increase the admission charges and keep aquarium operations with the museum was performed in 1979.
Structural problems with the building forced the closing of the aquarium to the public in June 1985. The former aquarium site then became a police dog training facility for the City of Cleveland. On April 1, 1986, fish and exhibits were moved to the Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, where they remain today in the Primate, Cat & Aquatics Building.
Rebirth of Cleveland aquarium
The second iteration was conceived in 2009. It was originally envisioned as a more ambitious 100,000–125,000 square feet (9,300–11,600 m2) facility that would cost upwards of $50 million. However, planning of various forms occurred since the defunct Cleveland Aquarium closed in 1985. Although there were competing interests, the driving force behind the project was Jeffrey Jacobs, a local developer who was set on having a paying tenant for the Powerhouse, a complex he owned.
The eventual facility was a collaboration controlled by Jacobs. It was financed by a $2 million loan from the City of Cleveland, a $1.25 million investment from Marinescape and a $11.75 million investment from the Nautica Phase 2 Limited Partnership, an affiliate of Jacobs Entertainment, Inc. The facility also supported by FirstEnergy Corp. and AMPCO, the parking lot operator for the Nautica Complex.
The total cost of the facility was roughly $33 million: $18 million for the building and its related infrastructure and $15 million for aquarium exhibits.
At the January 2012 opening, the aquarium 8 exhibition areas, including Ohio Lakes & Rivers, Lakes & Rivers of the World, Discovery Zone, Indo-Pacific, Northern Pacific, Coastal, Coral Reef and a main Shark SeaTube. It features a 230,000-US-gallon (870,000 l) tank with a 175-foot (53 m) acrylic shark tunnel offering panoramic views of marine life, including sharks of various species.
- Kosich, John (2011-02-14). "Greater Cleveland Aquarium to Open in October". WEWS-TV. Retrieved 2012-01-09.
- Kaufmann, Tina (2011-11-17). "Greater Cleveland Aquarium Will Open Doors in Late January". WEWS-TV. Retrieved 2012-01-09.
- "History". Cleveland Aquarium Society.
- "Encyclopedia of Cleveland History:GORDON PARK". Ech.case.edu. 2006-10-23. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
- Baird, Gabriel (2009-06-17). "Jacobs plans to bring aquarium to Powerhouse in the Flats". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2012-09-29.
- O'Donnell, Patrick (2009-06-19). "Greater Cleveland Aquarium to Open in October". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2012-09-29.
- Lawless, Annette (2012-01-19). "Ribbon Cutting Ceremony Held for Cleveland Aquarium". WJW-TV. Retrieved 2012-01-20.
- Garcia Cano, Regina (2012-01-21). "Greater Cleveland Aquarium Opens its Doors to the Public". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2012-01-21.
- "Shark SeaTube". Greater Cleveland Aquarium. Retrieved 2014-02-23.
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