Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority

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Regional Transit Authority
Cleveland RTA logo.svg
Cleveland August 2015 01 (RTA Red Line).jpg
A Red Line train at Airport station
FoundedDecember 30, 1974
Headquarters1240 West 6th Street, Downtown, Cleveland, Ohio
LocaleCleveland, Ohio
Service typeBus and Rapid Transit
RoutesBus: 44, Rail: 4, Trolley: 4, BRT: 3
FleetBus: 391, Rail: 92, Trolley: 12, BRT: 40 (Not including the MetroHealth BRT Line)
Daily ridershipTotal: 39.6 million (2017)
Chief executiveFloun'say Caver (interim)[1]

The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (officially the GCRTA, but historically and locally referred to as the RTA) is the public transit agency for Cleveland, Ohio, United States and the surrounding suburbs of Cuyahoga County. RTA is the largest transit agency in Ohio, providing over 44 million trips to residents and visitors of the Cleveland area in 2010. RTA owns and operates the RTA Rapid Transit rail system (called "The Rapid" by area residents), which consists of one heavy rail line (the Red Line) and two interurban light rail lines (the Blue, Green and light-rail Waterfront extension line). The bulk of RTA's service consists of buses, including regular routes, express or flyer buses, loop and paratransit buses. In December 2004, RTA adopted a revised master plan, Transit 2025, in which several rail extensions, bus line improvements and transit oriented developments are discussed.[2]

RTA's major predecessor, the Cleveland Transit System, was the first transit system in the western hemisphere to provide direct rapid transit service from a city's downtown to its major airport.[3]

In 2007, RTA was named the best public transit system in North America by the American Public Transportation Association, for "demonstrating achievement in efficiency and effectiveness."[4]


The GCRTA was established December 30, 1974,[5] and on September 5, 1975 assumed control of the Cleveland Transit System, which operated the heavy rail line from Windermere to Cleveland Hopkins Airport and the local bus systems, and Shaker Heights Rapid Transit (the descendant of a separate streetcar system formed by the Van Sweringen brothers to serve their Shaker Heights development), which operated the two interurban light rail lines from downtown to Shaker Heights. CTS had been formed when the city of Cleveland took over the old Cleveland Railway Company. However, with Cleveland's dwindling population over the previous two decades, its revenue dwindled significantly. The problem really manifested itself with a 17-day strike in July 1970. City and county leaders concluded that a regional approach was the only way to save it.[3]

A month after its formation, RTA assumed control over the suburban bus systems operated by Maple Heights, North Olmsted, Brecksville, Garfield Heights and Euclid.[3]

The RTA had to undertake a number of renovations to the rail system, as the Shaker Heights lines (renamed the Blue and Green lines) had not been significantly renovated since their creation in 1920. They were largely rebuilt by 1981 and the downtown station at Cleveland Union Terminal, later renamed Tower City Center, was heavily rebuilt by 1987. In 1994, a walkway and skyway was added from the Tower City station to the Gateway Sports and Entertainment Complex and the Blue and Green lines were extended to the North Coast Harbor area by 1996.

Seventy-five Cleveland Transit System PCC streetcars were sold in 1952 to Toronto to be used by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC). The last of the Cleveland PCC models operated for 30 years in Toronto until 1982. Cleveland Transit also sold 8 Marmon-Herrington TC-44 trolleybuses in 1963 to the TTC, but scrapped and used for the Western Flyer E-700A trolleybuses from 1969 to 1971.

RTA has equipped all of its mainline buses with bicycle carriers. Each bus can carry two to three bicycles. Bicycles are also allowed on rapid transit trains (with a maximum limit of two per car) at all times, although operators have discretion to refuse bicycles if a train is overcrowded. Bicycles are not allowed access to/from the Public Square/Tower City Station through the shopping areas of Tower City Center. However, an elevator connection is permitted between the station lobby and street level, at Prospect Avenue via the south-side doors. Bicycles are also allowed to transfer between trains at Tower City Station. There is no additional charge for taking bicycles on RTA.


A HealthLine rapid transit bus, a New Flyer DE60LFA, at Public Square

In 2005, RTA began building a bus rapid transit line along Euclid Avenue from Public Square to University Circle and then to East Cleveland. This was originally to be a subway line running under Euclid Avenue, but the high cost of such a project caused it to be reduced in scope, resulting in the current bus rapid transit project. Vehicles operate in an exclusive center median busway from Public Square to Stokes Blvd. and transition to curbside running through University Circle to the Windermere Rapid Transit Station in East Cleveland. The vehicles are low-floor, articulated 63 feet (19 m) buses.

Naming rights for the line were purchased by the Cleveland Clinic and University Hospitals for twenty-five years. The BRT route, originally named the "Silver Line", which serves the two major health industry employers in Cleveland, is named the HealthLine.[6]

As sections were completed, they were opened to traffic; the entire stretch within the project area was open by October 24, 2008[7] as part of its grand opening October 24–26, 2008.[8]

Cleveland State Line[edit]

The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Agency's new bus-rapid transit Cleveland State Line opened December 8, 2014. It comprises a fleet of 16 articulated, 60-foot buses that run along the 4.1-mile, upgraded route from West Clifton Boulevard in Lakewood to Lake Avenue in Cleveland and then into downtown, replacing the existing Clifton bus service.

The $20 million beautification and bus-efficiency rebuild of the Clifton corridor was intended to make the avenue more appealing to walkers, transit riders and car drivers. It also is designed to spark transit-oriented commercial and residential growth, much like RTA's flagship BRT HealthLine along Euclid Avenue. It incorporates many of the features of the HealthLine, including consolidated bus stops, new stations, bus-only lanes, a new traffic signal system, and landscaping.[9]


When RTA was formed, Cuyahoga County voters approved a 1% county-wide sales tax, which constitutes about 70% of its operating revenue. This funding source has helped RTA maintain a higher level of service than other transit agencies in comparable cities and it also helps RTA retain some degree of political autonomy. However, it also makes RTA unusually susceptible to economic downturns.

In recent years, RTA has undertaken great efforts to improve efficiency and eliminate unnecessary costs. These efforts have included mergers with the two remaining autonomous transit agencies in Cuyahoga County, the North Olmsted Municipal Bus Line and Maple Heights Transit, and the redesigning of its routes in the suburban areas southeast, west, and south of Cuyahoga County.


No charge to kids below 6 with fare-paying rider; limit 3.

A Shaker Rapid car at the Warrensville Center Road Loop in 1936
[10] Bus/Rapid/BRT Senior/Disabled Park-N-Ride Bus Student K-12 Out-of-County Paratransit Trolleys
Cash Fares $2.50 $1.25 $2.75 $1.75 $3.75 $2.75 Free
5-Trip Fare Cards $12.50 $6.25 $13.75 $8.75 N/A $13.75 N/A
Monthly Passes $95 $48 $105 N/A N/A $110 N/A
7-Day Passes $25 $12.50 $27.50 N/A N/A $30 N/A
Daily Passes $5.50 $2.75 N/A $4.50 N/A $7.50 N/A
The RTA also provides a "Cleveland Pass" for tourists.
1-Day Cleveland Pass 2-Day Cleveland Pass 4-Day Cleveland Pass
Daily Passes $5.50 $11 $22

RTA buses[edit]

Current Fleet Roster[edit]

Order Year Fleet Series
Image Powertrain
or Propulsion
2001 1001-1023
  • Based out of Triskett Garage
2003 1051-1065
  • MCI
    • D4500
  • DDS-60
    • Allison WB-500
  • Based out of Triskett Garage
2003 2401-2505
  • NABI
    • 40-LFW
GCRTA NABI 40-LFW 2439.jpg Diesel
  • Currently Based out of Hayden & Triskett Garages (most vehicles have been retired)

2490 was on display at the 2003 APTA Expo in Milwaukee.

2005 2601-2648
  • NABI
    • 40-LFW
  • Caterpillar C-9
    • Allison WB-400R
  • 2601-2615 Based out of Hayden Garage
  • 2616-2648 Based out of Triskett Garage

2016 Update- Vehicles are going thru a strategic 100,000 miles maintenance.


2006 2801-2845
  • NABI
    • 40-LFW
  • Caterpillar C-9
    • Allison WB-400R
  • Based out of Hayden Garage

2016 Update- Vehicles are going thru a strategic 100,000 miles maintenance.


2008/2009 2900-2920, 2951-2953
HealthLine 2.jpg
  • Caterpillar C-9
    • Allison ep-50 HybriDrive system
  • First New Flyer bus order.
  • First Hybrids in system.
    • Except 2951-53, which use Cummins ISM Diesel
  • Operates the HealthLine BRT service on Euclid Avenue.
  • 2016 Update 210,000 miles / midlife service maintenance on all 2900 series.
  • First articulated bus order
2009 3001-3017
  • NFI
    • D60LFR
2009 New Flyer D60LFR.jpg
  • Cummins ISM
    • Allison WB-500R
2014 3201-3226, 3251-3257
  • NFI
    • Xcelsior XD60
  • Cummins ISL9
    • Allison WB-500R
  • Used for Cleveland State Line Routes 55, 55A, 55B, 55C.
  • 3251-3257 Used on routes 22 and 26
2015 3301-3390
    • BRTPlusCNG
  • Cummins EPA 2013 ISL-G
    • Allison WB400R-6 Gen IV/4000 series
Compressed Natural Gas
  • First GILLIG order.
  • Housed out of Hayden Garage
2016 3701-3714
    • Low Floor Trolley 37'
  • Cummins ISL9
    • Allison WB-500R
  • Based out of Triskett Garage
  • Replacement for Optima Opus-229s and Thomas SLF-229s
2017 3401-3416
    • BRTPlusCNG
  • Cummins EPA 2013 ISL-G
    • Allison WB400R-6 Gen IV/4000 series
Compressed Natural Gas
  • Based of out Hayden Garage
2017 3501-3520 are used for MetroHealth Line BRT

3551-3559 Used on all routes

  • Cummins EPA 2013 ISL-G
    • Allison WB400R-6 Gen IV/4000 series
  • Based out of Triskett Garage
  • Diesel Fuel Used on These Coaches
2018 3601-3633
    • BRTPlusCNG
  • Cummins EPA 2013 ISL-G
    • Allison WB400R-6 Gen IV/4000 series
Compressed Natural Gas
  • Based out of Hayden Garage

Starting service in October, will replace rest of 2400-2500 series

CTS fleet[edit]

  • 1946 Pullman PCC A11 (49) and 1946 St. Louis Car Company A12 (24) - all sold to Toronto in 1952
  • Marmon-Herrington TC48-T5 and TC44-T7 trolleybus - ordered 49 in 1951 and 1952 and retired in 1960s (sold to Mexico City)[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Planning & Development - Transit 2025 Plan". Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
  3. ^ a b c "About RTA: History of Public Transit in Greater Cleveland". Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
  4. ^ Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (October 1, 2007). Greater Cleveland: Best Location for Public Transportation in the Nation. Press release. Retrieved on October 6, 2007.
  5. ^ "Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University. 1997-06-16. Retrieved 2009-11-26.
  6. ^ Clinic, UH pay to name Euclid Corridor buses. The Plain Dealer. Retrieved on March 4, 2008.
  7. ^ "RTA's HealthLine Officially Opens Along Euclid Corridor". WEWS-TV. 2008-10-23. Retrieved 2010-09-29.
  8. ^ Cleveland RTA Healthline Special Section, The Plain Dealer, 2008-10-19
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Fares". Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
  11. ^ Cleveland's Transit Vehicles: Equipment and Technology ISBN 0873385489

External links[edit]