Greater Dhaka

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Greater Dhaka
Satellite image of Greater Dhaka metropolitan region
Satellite image of Greater Dhaka metropolitan region
Dhaka city is shown in blue and other towns and cities are shown in red
Dhaka city is shown in blue and other towns and cities are shown in red
City corporation and Municipalities
 • Total2,161 km2 (834 sq mi)
 • Total17,151,925

Greater Dhaka is the conurbation surrounding the Bangladeshi capital city of Dhaka, which has grown into one of the world's largest megacities, and shows a very rapid rate of expansion. Dhaka not only grows because it is the capital and largest urban center but also due to massive internal displacement from millions of people living in a perennially flood-prone river delta.


The area of Dhaka Statistical Metropolitan Area was 1,353 square kilometers, of which Dhaka City Corporation occupied 276 square kilometers at the 2001 census.[1] The Dhaka Statistical Metropolitan Area (SMA) covers the Dhaka Municipal Corporation area and Savar Upazila and Keraniganj Upazila of Dhaka District (note: only a portion of the district is part of the metropolitan area), Narayanganj Sadar Upazila, Bandar Upazila and Rupganj Upazila of Narayanganj District, Gazipur Sadar Upazila and Kaliakair Upazila of Gazipur District, and Narsingdi Sadar Upazila and Palash Upazila of Narsingdi District. New 2021 estimates for Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (web) tally just over 24 million for 4 districts in their entirety. (white area in map also includes 6 districts: Manikganj and Munshiganj)

Components of the Metropolitan Area[edit]

Since the 2001 Census, Dhaka has grown tremendously, as evidenced by the 2011 Census figures. However, definitions were changed between the two censuses, with several outlying upazilas situated in neighbouring administrative districts being included in the expanded definition. The following table shows the revision of the metropolitan area, shown in blue and red on map, based on 2011 figures:

Administrative district Included area Area in km2 (2011)[a] Population (2001)[2] Population (2011)[2][3][4][5][6] Population per km2 (2011)
Dhaka District Dhaka City Corporation and Surrounding Thanas (blue on map) 301 6,881,025 8,906,039 30,749
Savar Upazila 283 629,695 1,385,910 5,115
Keraniganj Upazila 167 649,373 794,360 4,943
Narayanganj District Narayanganj Sadar Upazila 101 946,205 1,323,600 13,717
Bandar Upazila 54 267,021 312,841 6,015
Rupganj Upazila 176 423,135 534,868 3,163
Gazipur District Gazipur Sadar Upazila 458 925,454 1,820,374 4,151
Kaliakair Upazila 314 278,967 483,308 1,604
Narsingdi District Narsingdi Sadar Upazila 213 606,474 707,525 3,455
Palash Upazila 94 198,106 212,612 2,351
Metropolitan Area 2,161 11,805,455 16,481,437 7,936
  1. ^ Areas may differ from 2001 due to changes in accuracy or natural changes in land boundaries.


  1. ^ "Introduction" (PDF). Dhaka City State of the Environment: 2005. United Nations Environment Programme. 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-15.
  2. ^ a b Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics - Community Report
  3. ^ "Community Report: Dhaka Zila". Archived from the original on 2012-10-09. Retrieved 2012-10-09.
  4. ^ "Community Report: Gazipur Zila". Archived from the original on 2012-10-07. Retrieved 2012-10-09.
  5. ^ "Community Report: Munshiganj Zila". Archived from the original on 2012-10-06. Retrieved 2012-10-09.
  6. ^ "Community Report: Narsingdi Zila". Archived from the original on 2012-10-08. Retrieved 2012-10-09.

External links[edit]