Greater Jakarta LRT
|Owner||Ministry of Transport|
|Transit type||Light metro|
|Number of lines||3|
|Number of stations||18 (first phase), 41 (future)|
|Operation will start||April 2021 (planned)|
|Operator(s)||Indonesian Railway Company|
|Number of vehicles||31 six-cars PT KAI trainsets|
|System length||43.3 km (26.9 mi) (first phase)|
83.6 km (51.9 mi) (final)
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||750V (DC) third rail|
The Greater Jakarta LRT or Jabodebek LRT is a light metro system currently under construction in Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia, and the adjacent province of West Java and Banten. It is being implemented by the central government. To be directly operated by the Indonesian State Railways (Kereta Api Indonesia), the system is planned to connect Jakarta city center with suburbs in Greater Jakarta such as Bogor, Depok and Bekasi, hence its acronym "Jabodebek".
Operation was initially targeted to begin in 2019, however it has been delayed for two years. As of October 2019, construction progress for Phase 1 is at 67.3% and operations is targeted to begin by April 2021.
The Jakarta light rail transit project is aimed to tackle Jakarta's high road traffic congestion. The northern section of the LRT project partly replaces the Jakarta Monorail project which has been cancelled.
The monorail project in Jakarta was planned since the early 2000s. Construction commenced in 2004 but immediately stalled due to insufficient funding. In 2005 the initial pylons were constructed, however the project was abandoned altogether in 2008, leaving the unfinished pylons blocking roads. The monorail line design, including a Green loop line and Blue line, gained criticism, as it only connected shopping malls in Jakarta's city center, and would not connect to Jakarta's suburbs, which desperately need transportation infrastructure, and thus would not be useful for Jakartan commuters. Transportation experts deemed that the city center monorail project would not address Jakarta's traffic problems, but would only serve as a novelty tourists' ride. To answer the need for commuter infrastructure, a consortium of five state owned enterprises, led by PT Adhi Karya (previously part of the Jakarta Monorail consortium), proposed the construction of a 39.036 km (24 mi) monorail line connecting Cibubur-Cawang-Kuningan and Bekasi-Cawang across Greater Jakarta. The line will connect the 'Green' and 'Blue' lines originally planned by PT Jakarta Monorail to Jakarta's suburbs Cibubur and Bekasi.
In 2013 the Jakarta monorail project was revived and relaunched. In mid 2014 however, the project was stalled after disagreement between PT Jakarta Monorel, the developer/operator, and the Jakarta Municipal Government over land acquisition for the depot as well as the station designs. Following the disagreements, by 2015 the Jakarta Municipal Government terminated its contract with PT Jakarta Monorel; thus monorail project was disbanded altogether. The numerous stalled monorail support poles will be used by state-owned construction company PT Adhi Karya to develop Jakarta's light rail transit instead. The shift of choice from monorail to light rail transit (LRT) system was based on several considerations; compared to monorail, LRT has higher passenger capacity, simpler intersection and switching system, and cheaper maintenance cost.
In 2015, it was announced that the Indonesian Cabinet Secretary has endorsed the plan to build three light rail transit lines. Total investment cost of this project is estimated to reach 23.8 trillion rupiah (1.8 billion US dollars).
- Station names: Senayan – Gelora – Palmerah – Dukuh Atas – Setia Budi – Rasuna Said – Kuningan – Cikoko – Ciliwung - Cawang – Taman Mini – Kampung Rambutan – Ciracas – Harjamukti – Cimanggis – Sirkuit Sentul – Sentul City – Baranangsiang
– Cawang–Bekasi Timur
- Station names: Cawang – Jaticempaka – Cikunir 1 – Cikunir 2 – Bekasi Barat – Bekasi Timur
- Station names: Palmerah – Tomang – Grogol
The construction phase of extension for the planned route Grogol–Pesing–Rawa Buaya–Kamal Raya–Dadap–Soekarno–Hatta International Airport was proposed, but was not mentioned in Presidential Regulations No. 98/2015 (PERPRES Nomor 98/Th. 2015).
Phase 1 of the construction consists the entirety of Line 2 (Cawang–Bekasi Timur) and a part of Line 1 (Cibubur–Cawang–Dukuh Atas). The first phase will cost 11.9 trillion rupiah (approx. USD 903.6 million). It will be 43.3 kilometers long, consisting of 18 stations.
- Phase 1A (Cibubur–Cawang–Dukuh Atas): 24.8 km
- Phase 1B (Cawang–Bekasi Timur): 18.5 km
Construction of Phase 1 began on 9 September 2015 and was initially predicted to be operational by early 2018, in time for the 2018 Asian Games. However, due to funding, restructuring and land acquisition issues, the project has failed to meet the deadline.
As of 31 October 2019, construction progress has reached 67.3% (86.8% for Cibubur-Cawang, 58.3% for Cawang-Dukuh Atas and 60.5% for Cawang-Bekasi Timur).
Phase 2 will extend Line 1 southwards, from Cibubur to Bogor Baranangsiang. It is currently under planning.
- "Rencana LRT di Jakarta". Kompas (in Indonesian). Jakarta. 11 September 2015. Archived from the original on 11 October 2015. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- "LRT Jabodebek to Have First Trial Run in June". Tempo. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
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- Wiji Nurhayat (27 October 2012). "Monorel Lebih Cocok Untuk Angkutan Wisata". Detik Finance (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- "Adhi Karya Bangun Monorel Cibubur-Cawang-Kuningan". Investor Daily.
- "State Firms Propose Jakarta Monorail Extension". Jakarta Globe. May 6, 2013.
- Syailendra (16 October 2013). "Begini Desain Stasiun Monorel Jakarta". Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- "The acceleration of the implementation of light rail transit in the region of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok dan Bekasi" (PDF). Indonesian Cabinet Secretary. 2 September 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- "The acceleration of the implementation of light rail transit in the region of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok dan Bekasi" (PDF). Indonesian Cabinet Secretary. 2 September 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 October 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- "Besok, Proyek LRT Akan Dimulai". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). 8 September 2015.
- Dana Aditiasari (August 17, 2016). "LRT Bekasi-Cawang 18,5 Km, Dilengkapi 6 Stasiun".
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- "Sah! LRT Jabodebek Sampai Baranangsiang, Pemkot Kaji Sistem Transportasinya". Radar Bogor. Retrieved 3 January 2020.