Greater Khingan

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Greater Khingan Range
Yalu river (nonni river tributary) in Greater Khingan range, Manchuria, China.JPG
The Yalu river in the Greater Khingan range
Highest point
Elevation2,035 m (6,677 ft)
Coordinates49°22′57″N 123°09′24″E / 49.3823728°N 123.1567383°E / 49.3823728; 123.1567383Coordinates: 49°22′57″N 123°09′24″E / 49.3823728°N 123.1567383°E / 49.3823728; 123.1567383
Naming
Native name大兴安岭 (Chinese)
Geography
Greater Khingan Range is located in China
Greater Khingan Range
Greater Khingan Range
Located in Northeast China
Geology
Mountain typeTilted block faulting

The Greater Khingan Range or Da Hinggan Range (simplified Chinese: 大兴安岭; traditional Chinese: 大興安嶺; pinyin: Dà Xīng'ān Lǐng; IPA: [tâ ɕíŋ.án.lìŋ]), is a 1,200-kilometer (750 mi)-long volcanic mountain range in the Inner Mongolia region of Northeast China.[1] It was originally called the Xianbei Mountains, which later became the name of the northern branch of the Donghu, the Xianbei.[2][3][4]

Geography[edit]

The range extends 1,200 kilometers (750 mi) from north to south. It is the watershed between the Nen and Songhua river systems to the east, and the Amur and its tributaries to the northwest.[5]

Population[edit]

Its slopes are a relatively rich grazing area. The Khitan people lived on the eastern slopes[6] before establishing the Liao Dynasty in the tenth century. Oroqen, a Tungusic people, live along the Greater and Lesser Khingan range in northeastern China and belong to the oldest autochthonus populations of the region. On the western slopes lived the nomadic people, who raised sheep and camels and used the Mongolian plateau for their pastoralist economy.[6]

In Fiction[edit]

The Greater Khingan Range is a key setting in the science fiction novel The Three-Body Problem (novel) by Chinese author Liu Cixin.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Greater Khingan range in winter". China Daily. 28 December 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  2. ^ Hou Hanshu vol. 90 "鮮卑者,亦東胡之支也,別依鮮卑山,故因號焉" "the Xianbei people branched off from the so-called 'Eastern Hu' and came to settle around Mt. Xianbei after which name they were designated" translated by Toh (2005)
  3. ^ Weishu vol. 1
  4. ^ Tseng, Chin Yin (2012). The Making of the Tuoba Northern Wei: Constructing Material Cultural Expressions in the Northern Wei Pingcheng Period (398–494 CE) (PhD). University of Oxford. p. 1.
  5. ^ "Da Hinggan Range". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  6. ^ a b Mote, F.W. (1999). Imperial China: 900–1800. Harvard University Press. p. 32s. ISBN 0-674-01212-7.

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWood, James, ed. (1907). The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne. {{cite encyclopedia}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)