|Montreal Metropolitan Community|
|• Land||4,258.31 km2 (1,644.14 sq mi)|
|• Density||890.2/km2 (2,306/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Postal code prefixes||H, J|
|Area code(s)||438, 450, 514, 579|
Greater Montreal is the most populous metropolitan area in Quebec, and the second most populous in Canada after Greater Toronto. In 2015, Statistics Canada identified Montreal's Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) as 4,258.31 square kilometres (1,644.14 sq mi) with a population of 4,027,100.
A smaller area of 3,838 square kilometres (1,482 sq mi) is governed by the Montreal Metropolitan Community (MMC) (French: Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal, CMM). This level of government is headed by a president (currently Montreal mayor Denis Coderre).
The inner ring is composed of densely populated municipalities located in close proximity to Downtown Montreal. It includes the entire Island of Montreal, Laval, and the Urban Agglomeration of Longueuil.
The outer ring is composed of low-density municipalities located on the fringe of Metropolitan Montreal. Most of these cities and towns are semi-rural. Specifically, the term off-island suburbs refers to those suburbs that are located on the North Shore of the Mille-Îles River, those on the South Shore that were never included in the megacity of Longueuil, and those on the Vaudreuil-Soulanges Peninsula. Communities in that area are also informally referred to as the 450, after the telephone area code that has served the region since 1998.
Due to their proximity to Montreal's downtown core, some suburbs on the South Shore (Longueuil, Brossard, Saint-Lambert, and Boucherville) are usually not included in the off-island suburbs even though they are on the mainland.
|Rank||City||Region||Population (2011)||Land Area||Population Density|
Cities and towns
|Area||Regional county municipality (where applicable)||In Metropolitan Community[a 1]||In CMA only|
|Urban agglomeration of Montreal|
|Urban agglomeration of Longueuil|
|North Shore (Laurentides)||Deux-Montagnes|
|North Shore (Lanaudière)||L'Assomption|
|South Shore (Montérégie)||Beauharnois-Salaberry|
The Réseau de transport métropolitain (RTM) (English: Metropolitan Transportation Network) operates the region's commuter rail and metropolitan bus services, and is the second busiest such system in Canada after Toronto's GO Transit. Established in June 2007, the RTM's commuter rail system has five lines linking the downtown core with communities as far west as Hudson, as far east as Mont-Saint-Hilaire, and as far north as Saint-Jérôme.
Along with the RTM, a sister agency, the Autorité régionale de transport métropolitain (ARTM) plans, integrates, and coordinates public transport across Greater Montreal, including the Island of Montreal, Laval (Île Jésus), and communities along both the north shore of the Rivière des Mille-Îles and the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River. The ARTM's mandate also includes the management of reserved High-occupancy vehicle lanes, metropolitan bus terminuses, park-and-ride lots, and a budget of $163 million, which is shared amongst the transit corporations and inter-municipal public transit organizations.
The RTM/ARTM's territory spans 63 municipalities and one native reserve, 13 regional county municipalities, and 21 transit authorities. It serves a population of approximately 3.7 million people who make more than 750,000 trips daily.
The major transit commissions under the RTM and ARTM are:
- Société de transport de Montréal (English: Montreal Transit Corporation), serving the Island of Montreal
- Société de transport de Laval (English: Laval Transit Corporation), serving the city of Laval
- Réseau de transport de Longueuil (English: Longueuil Transit Network), serving the Urban agglomeration of Longueuil
|Universities||CEGEPs and other colleges||Other schools|
(In Montreal, except where otherwise noted.)
- "Census Profile - Montreal Census Metropolitan Area". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, Greater Montreal,". Canada 2011 Census, Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "Évolution de la population de Montréal, 1660 à nos jours". Ville de Montréal. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- "Montreal (CMA) - Detailed Mother Tongue". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-18.
- Metropolitan Community of Montreal website
- Greater Montreal Area Restaurants
- (in French) Greater Montreal Area map in .pdf