Greater Montreal

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Greater Montreal
Grand Montréal
Metropolitan area
Montreal Metropolitan Community
Official logo of Greater Montreal
Logo
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Area[1]
 • Land 4,258.31 km2 (1,644.14 sq mi)
Population (2016)[2]
 • Total 4,098,927
 • Density 890.2/km2 (2,306/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code prefixes H, J
Area code(s) 438, 450, 514, 579
CMM - Montréal.svg

Greater Montreal shown in light blue, with the City of Montreal proper in dark blue.

Greater Montreal is the most populous metropolitan area in Quebec, and the second most populous in Canada after Greater Toronto. In 2015, Statistics Canada identified Montreal's Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) as 4,258.31 square kilometres (1,644.14 sq mi) with a population of 4,027,100.[3]

A smaller area of 3,838 square kilometres (1,482 sq mi) is governed by the Montreal Metropolitan Community (MMC) (French: Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal, CMM). This level of government is headed by a president (currently Montreal mayor Valérie Plante).

The inner ring is composed of densely populated municipalities located in close proximity to Downtown Montreal. It includes the entire Island of Montreal, Laval, and the Urban Agglomeration of Longueuil.

The outer ring is composed of low-density municipalities located on the fringe of Metropolitan Montreal. Most of these cities and towns are semi-rural. Specifically, the term off-island suburbs refers to those suburbs that are located on the North Shore of the Mille-Îles River, those on the South Shore that were never included in the megacity of Longueuil, and those on the Vaudreuil-Soulanges Peninsula. Communities in that area are also informally referred to as the 450, after the telephone area code that has served the region since 1998.

Due to their proximity to Montreal's downtown core, some suburbs on the South Shore (Longueuil, Brossard, Saint-Lambert, and Boucherville) are usually not included in the off-island suburbs even though they are on the mainland.

Satellite image of Greater Montreal

Largest cities[edit]

The largest cities in Greater Montreal[4]
Rank City Region Population (2011) Land Area Population Density
km2 mi2 /km2 /mi2
1 Montreal Montreal 1,649,519 365.13 140.98 4,517.6 11,701
2 Laval Laval 401,553 247.09 95.40 1,625.1 4,209
3 Longueuil Montérégie 231,409 115.59 44.63 2,002.0 5,185
4 Terrebonne Lanaudière 106,322 154.60 59.69 687.7 1,781
5 Repentigny Lanaudière 82,000 61.79 23.86 1,327.7 3,439
6 Brossard Montérégie 79,273 45.20 17.45 1,753.9 4,543
7 Saint-Jérôme Laurentides 68,456 90.52 34.95 756.3 1,959
8 Blainville Laurentides 53,510 55.10 21.27 971.1 2,515
9 Dollard-des-Ormeaux Montreal 49,637 15.10 5.83 3,286.7 8,513
10 Châteauguay Montérégie 45,904 35.89 13.86 1,278.9 3,312

Cities and towns[edit]

Municipalities in the Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) and the Montreal Metropolitan Community (MMC)
Area Regional county municipality (where applicable) In CMA and MMC In CMA only In MMC only
Urban agglomeration of Montreal
Laval
Urban agglomeration of Longueuil
North Shore (Laurentides) Deux-Montagnes[b 1]
Thérèse-De Blainville
[d 1]
Argenteuil
La Rivière-du-Nord
North Shore (Lanaudière) L'Assomption[b 1]
Les Moulins
D'Autray
Montcalm[b 2]
South Shore (Montérégie) Beauharnois-Salaberry[b 1]
La Vallée-du-Richelieu[b 1]
Marguerite-D'Youville
Roussillon
Rouville[b 1]
Vaudreuil-Soulanges[b 1]
Le Haut-Richelieu[b 2]
  1. ^ subdivided into nineteen boroughs
  2. ^ subdivided into the boroughs of Le Vieux-Longueuil, Saint-Hubert and Greenfield Park.

There are 82 municipalities that are part of the MMC and 91 municipalities that are part of the CMA. A total of 79 municipalities overlap between the two, with 3 municipalities being part of the MMC but not the CMA, and 12 municipalities being part of the CMA but not the MMC. Kanesatake and Kahnawake are not included in the previous counts.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1871174,090—    
1881223,512+28.4%
1891308,169+37.9%
1901393,665+27.7%
1911594,812+51.1%
1921774,330+30.2%
19311,064,448+37.5%
19411,192,235+12.0%
19511,539,308+29.1%
19561,745,001+13.4%
19612,110,679+21.0%
19662,570,985+21.8%
19712,743,208+6.7%
19762,802,485+2.2%
19812,862,286+2.1%
19862,921,357+2.1%
19913,208,970+9.8%
19963,326,510+3.7%
20013,426,350+3.0%
20063,635,571+6.1%
20113,824,221+5.2%
20164,098,927+7.2%
[5]
Mother tongue (2011)[6]
Language Greater Montreal Quebec Canada
French 65.8% 79.7% 22.0%
English 13.6% 7.6% 58.6%
Arabic 3.9% 2.1% 1.1%
Spanish 3.1% 1.8% 1.3%
Italian 3.1% 1.6% 1.3%
Creole 1.5% 0.8% 0.2%
Greek 1.1% 0.5% 0.4%
Unspecified Chinese 1.1% 0.6% 1.3%
Portuguese 0.8% 0.5% 0.7%
Romanian 0.8% 0.4% 0.3%
Vietnamese 0.7% 0.4% 0.5%
Russian 0.6% 0.3% 0.5%
Persian (Farsi) 0.5% 0.3% 0.5%
Tagalog (Filipino) 0.4% 0.2% 1.2%
Armenian 0.4% 0.2% 0.1%
Polish 0.4% 0.2% 0.6%
Tamil 0.4% 0.2% 0.4%
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0.3% 0.2% 1.4%
German 0.3% 0.2% 1.3%
Bengali 0.3% 0.1% 0.2%
Cantonese 0.3% 0.1% 1.2%
Urdu 0.3% 0.1% 0.6%
Mandarin 0.3% 0.1% 0.8%
Yiddish 0.2% 0.1% <0.1%
Cambodian (Khmer) 0.2% 0.1% <0.1%
Oromo 0.2% 0.1% <0.1%
Turkish 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%
Gujarati 0.2% 0.1% 0.3%
Hungarian 0.2% 0.1% 0.2%
Bulgarian 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%
Berber (Kabyle) 0.2% 0.1% <0.1%

Transportation[edit]

Exo operates the region's commuter rail and metropolitan bus services, and is the second busiest such system in Canada after Toronto's GO Transit. Established in June 2007, Exo's commuter rail system has six lines linking the downtown core with communities as far west as Hudson, as Far south as Mont-Saint-Hilaire, as far east as Mascouche, and as far north as Saint-Jérôme.

Along with Exo, a sister agency, the Autorité régionale de transport métropolitain (ARTM) plans, integrates, and coordinates public transport across Greater Montreal, including the Island of Montreal, Laval (Île Jésus), and communities along both the north shore of the Rivière des Mille-Îles and the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River. The ARTM's mandate also includes the management of reserved High-occupancy vehicle lanes, metropolitan bus terminuses, park-and-ride lots, and a budget of $163 million, which is shared amongst the transit corporations and inter-municipal public transit organizations.

The Exo/ARTM's territory spans 63 municipalities and one native reserve, 13 regional county municipalities, and 21 transit authorities. It serves a population of approximately 3.7 million people who make more than 750,000 trips daily.[citation needed]

The major transit commissions under the ARTM are:

Education[edit]

Postsecondary educational institutions in the Greater Montreal Area
Universities CEGEPs and other colleges Other schools

(In Montreal, except where otherwise noted.)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Group 1
  1. ^ a b c d e f Only a portion of municipalities in the MRC are included in the MMC.
  2. ^ a b Only a portion of municipalities in the MRC are included in the CMA.
Group 2
  1. ^ classified as an equivalent territory
Group 3
  1. ^ in area served by the Réseau de transport métropolitain

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census Profile - Montreal Census Metropolitan Area". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Archived from the original on 15 January 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  2. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "Grand Montréal: maintenant 4 millions de personnes". journalmetro.com. Archived from the original on 20 October 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2018. 
  4. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, Greater Montreal,". Canada 2011 Census, Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Archived from the original on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  5. ^ "Évolution de la population de Montréal, 1660 à nos jours". Ville de Montréal. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "Montreal (CMA) - Detailed Mother Tongue". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-18. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°34′N 73°40′W / 45.56°N 73.66°W / 45.56; -73.66