Greater Nile Oil Pipeline
The Greater Nile Oil Pipeline is an important oil export pipeline in Sudan. It extends for approximately 1,600 kilometres (990 mi) of which approximately 1.8 kilometres is submarine. It was constructed by the Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company (GNPOC) and commenced operation in 1999. It is operated by the China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) which is a 40% stakeholder in GNPOC.
Initially, the pipeline began at the Heglig oil field in South Kurdufan state. Since 1999, the pipeline has been extended and it now begins in the Unity oil field. The pipeline extends to the Port Sudan crude oil refinery on the Red Sea, via the Nuba Mountains and Khartoum.
- GNPOC no date, 'Pipeline division' Archived 2007-12-15 at the Wayback Machine, www.gnpoc.com. Retrieved on 6 March 2008.
- AP 1999, 'Sudan inaugurates oil pipeline' Archived 2005-01-22 at the Wayback Machine, Alexander's Gas & Oil Connections, 19 July. Retrieved on 5 March 2008.
- Anon 2005, 'Focus on diplomacy and Sudan', APS Diplomat News Service, 15 August. Retrieved on 6 March 2008.
- USAID 2001, 'Sudan: Oil and gas concession holders' (map), University of Texas Library. Retrieved on 5 March 2008.