Greater Rio de Janeiro

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This article is about Rio de Janeiro. For a samba school, see GRES Acadêmicos do Grande Rio.
Satellite image of the metropolitan area, with the capital from the center below, Baixada Fluminense on the north-west and Niterói and São Gonçalo east of the Guanabara Bay

Greater Rio de Janeiro, formally Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Area (Grande Rio, officially Região Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro, in Portuguese) is a large metropolitan area located in Rio de Janeiro state in Brazil, the second largest in Brazil and third largest in South America. It consists of 21 municipalities, including the capital, Rio de Janeiro.

The metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro is known as a historical, cultural and economic centre of Brazil, with a total population of 12.6 million inhabitants. The region was first officially defined on July 1, 1974, after the fusion of the Guanabara State with Rio de Janeiro State. Several municipalities show a high level of conurbation, with Rio de Janeiro-Duque de Caxias and Niterói-São Gonçalo being the most clear examples. It was changed several times to include or remove different cities in different moments of the history, in the years 1993, 2001, 2002, 2009 and 2013.

The water supply plans of the region are coordinated, and transportation in the area is heavily interconnected with urban intermunicipal buses to all municipalities in the area, trains over the capital and some Baixada Fluminense municipalities, ferry boats to some of the Guanabara Bay municipalities and major inter-city freeways such as the Rio–Niterói Bridge, Red Line, Rodovia Presidente Dutra and Rodovia Niterói-Manilha. Most transportation methods are integrated with the capital inner transportation system of buses, trains, subways, freeways and expressways.

Cities by Population (2016)[edit]

+ 1,000,000

400,000 - 999,999

100,000 - 399,999

-100,000

Statistics[edit]

  • Population: 12.330.186 (2016 est.)[1]
  • Nominal GDP: R$404,37 Billion[2]
    • Largest GDP City: Rio de Janeiro City: R$282,5 billion (2016 est.)
  • Nominal GDP per capita: R$33,856.54 (2016 est.)
  • HDI: 0,771 (2016 est.)
    • Highest HDI City: Niterói: 0,837 (2016 est.)

Municipalities[edit]

The 21 municipalities of the area are:[3]

Administrative division Area (km²) Population 2000 Census Population (2010 Census)[4] Population (2016 est.) Population density 2010 (/km²)
Belford Roxo 77.815 434,474 469,261 494,141 5,919.49
Cachoeiras de Macacu 953.801 48.543 54,273 56,603 5.90
Duque de Caxias 467.62 775,456 855,046 886,917 1.887.71
Guapimirim 360.766 37,952 51,487 57,105 156.65
Itaboraí 430.374 187,479 218,090 230,786 532.11
Itaguaí 274.433 82,003 109,091 120,855 523.38
Japeri 81.869 83,278 95,391 100,562 1,219.79
Magé 388.496 205,830 228,150 236,319 604.41
Maricá 362.571 76,737 127,61 149,876 404.19
Mesquita 41.477 no data 168,403 171,020 4,116.76
Nilópolis 19.393 153,712 157,483 158,319 8,163.20
Niterói 133.916 459,451 487,327 497,883 3,709.01
Nova Iguaçu 519.159 920,599 797,212 797,435 1,555.38
Paracambi 179.772 40,475 47,124 50,071 275.47
Queimados 75.695 121,993 137,938 144,525 1,573.99
Rio Bonito 465.455 49,691 55,551 57,963 123.78
Rio de Janeiro 1,199.828 5,857,904 6,323,037 6,498,837 5,397.97
São Gonçalo 247.709 891,119 1,013,901 1,044,058 4,190.73
São João de Meriti 35.216 449,476 459,356 460,541 13,662.17
Seropédica 283.766 65,260 78,183 83,667 292.11
Tanguá 145.503 26,057 30,731 32,703 222.85
Metropolitan Rio Janeiro 6,744.634 10,670,040 12,603,936 12,330,186 1,820.81

Notes and references[edit]

Coordinates: 22°54′10″S 43°12′28″W / 22.9028°S 43.2078°W / -22.9028; -43.2078