Greater Russia

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Orthographic projection of Greater Russia / Eurasia and near abroad

Dark redwood and maroon: the Soviet Union in 1945
(Maroon for Soviet territories never part of the Russian Empire: Tuva bordering Mongolia, Konigsberg region turned Kaliningrad enclave, and Zakarpattia, Lviv, Stanislav, and Ternopil regions in west Ukraine)

Cornell red: additional territory from the Russian Empire (Finland and Congress Poland)

Red (RGB): maximum extent of the Soviet near abroad, in 1955 (Warsaw Pact, Mongolia, and North Korea)

Imperial red: maximum extent of the Russian Empire's sphere of influence after the sale of Alaska, in 1867
Russian Empire (dark green) and sphere of influence (light green) in 1866
The maximum territorial extent of countries in the world under Soviet influence

Greater Russia is a political aspiration of Russian nationalists and irredentists to retake much or all of the territories of the other republics of the former Soviet Union and territory of the former Russian Empire and amalgamate them into a single Russian state.

Some have seen the Soviet Union as effectively being a Greater Russia due to the dominance of Russian political interests in the state. The idea of a Greater Russia has important relevance in modern-day Russian politics, as expanding the Russian state to include Belarus is an important topic in Russian political affairs, as well as the political aspirations of Russian nationalists in the former Soviet Union (especially in Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine and the Baltic states) to have their people reintegrated with Russia.

In more extreme cases, the claimed territories include all areas once owned by the Russian Empire despite lack of Russian presence, such as Finland and Poland.

See also[edit]


  • Pirchner, Herman (2005). Reviving Greater Russia?: The Future of Russia's Borders with Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Moldova and Ukraine. University Press of America. ISBN 0761832009.