Greater Sunda Islands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Greater Sunda Islands
Greater sunda islands.png
LocationSoutheast Asia
Coordinates0°00′N 110°00′E / 0.000°N 110.000°E / 0.000; 110.000
ArchipelagoSunda Islands

The Greater Sunda Islands are a group of four large islands in Southeast Asia, comprising Java, Sumatra, Borneo, and Sulawesi.


They are wholly or partly included in present-day Indonesia: Java, by far the most populous; Sumatra in the west, directly across the Strait of Malacca from Malaysia; large Borneo, the Indonesian sector of which is called Kalimantan, bordered by the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak within which is enclaved the small nation of Brunei; and wishbone-shaped, distended Sulawesi (formerly Celebes) to the east.[1] Under some definitions, only Java, Sumatra and Borneo are included in the Greater Sunda Islands.[2][3]

Together with the Lesser Sunda Islands, they make up the Sunda Islands.


The Greater Sunda islands are mostly territory of Indonesia. However, the island of Borneo is divided among the countries of Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia. It contains all of Brunei, the Indonesian provinces of Central, East, West, North, and South Kalimantan, and the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak and the federal territory of Labuan.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Blij, H. J., & Muller, P. O. (2010). Geography: Realms, Regions, and Concepts (14th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: J. Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-470-46242-6
  2. ^ Mackinnon, John & Phillipps, Karen (1993). A Field Guide to the Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java, and Bali : the Greater Sunda Islands, Oxford University Press, Oxford ; New York. ISBN 0198540345 (pbk.)
  3. ^ Kennedy, Raymond (1935). The Ethnology of the Greater Sunda Islands, Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University.