The Greatest Love of All
"The Greatest Love of All" is a song written by songwriters Michael Masser, who composed the music, and Linda Creed, who wrote the lyrics. It was originally recorded in 1977 by American singer and guitarist George Benson, who made the song a substantial hit, peaking at number 2 on the US R&B chart that year, the first R&B chart Top Ten hit for Arista Records. The song was written and recorded to be the main theme of the 1977 film The Greatest, a biopic of the boxer Muhammad Ali. Eight years after Benson's original recording, the song became even more well known for a version by Whitney Houston, whose 1985 cover (with the slightly amended title "Greatest Love of All") eventually topped the charts, peaking at number 1 in Australia, Canada, U.S. and on the US R&B chart in 1986.
The original recording by Benson was released in 1977 in the U.S., Japan, France, Germany, New Zealand, Australia, Italy, Brazil, Netherlands, U.K. and in Thailand, on an extended play (EP). He officially recorded the song four times; in addition to the studio single, Benson also recorded three live versions, the last time in a duet with Italian operatic tenor Luciano Pavarotti in 2001.
- 1 Background and composition
- 2 The George Benson version, 1977
- 3 The Whitney Houston version, 1986
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Background and composition
The song's music was composed by Michael Masser, and its lyrics were written by the late Linda Creed, in 1976 for The Greatest, a film based on the life of former heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali. According to the Los Angeles Times, after he had been asked to write the song for the movie, Masser felt drawn to Jerusalem, even though he was not a religious man, "to get the feelings--not just my own." Masser also told the L. A. Times his special feelings about Ali:
Here was a man who wanted to change his name and religion. That's all. Ali hadn't believed in the war in Vietnam and had refused to fight in it. He won that battle through the legal system. Still, he lost everything--including his title. But Ali retained the most important thing of all--his dignity.
In an interview with Ocala Star-Banner in 1988, similarly, Masser said that "He (Ali) represented to me a tremendous athlete who suffered prejudice from the white man's world. He didn't give up what he believed even though he lost his title." Masser also told the L. A. Times that the song had another personal meaning for him to give up a legal career to pursue his interest in music, adding, "People thought I was crazy. I had to starve. Had no money. Marriage broke up. But I had to do what I'd wanted to do since I was 6... write music." Upon his return from Jerusalem, he contracted with lyricist Creed to work on the song and wrote it right from the heart. Then Masser had George Benson perform the song for the soundtrack. He said, "The record came out and the song became an underground theme for black people." He was later accused by Gordon Lightfoot of plagiarizing 24 bars of his 1971 hit "If You Could Read My Mind," but Lightfoot eventually dropped the suit out of respect for singer Whitney Houston.
The George Benson version, 1977
|"The Greatest Love of All"|
One of A-side track labels of the U.S. vinyl release
|Single by George Benson|
|from the album The Greatest soundtrack|
5:32 (Album full version) |
3:29 (Single edited version)
|George Benson singles chronology|
The original version of "The Greatest Love of All" was recorded in 1977 by Benson and originally released on the soundtrack album for The Greatest. The song was released as a single in the same year and was a substantial hit, reaching at number 2 on the Billboard R&B chart, the first R&B Top Ten hit for Arista Records, and ended the year at position 33. The single also reached positions number 3 on the Cash Box Top 100 R&B and number 4 on the Record World R&B Singles. In other charts, the single was between positions number 22 and number 29 in the U.S., number 27 in the UK, and number 25 and 42 in Canada. "The Greatest Love of All" is one of George Benson's most successful hits, and for this reason, two of his numerous collections were intutated as The Greatest Hits of All, and The Very Best of George Benson: The Greatest Hits of All, both released in 2003.
(Another selection from the film soundtrack among the same lines, again with Masser's music and Creed's lyrics, and again performed by Benson, was called "I Always Knew I Had It In Me." This, selection mumber 2 on the soundtrack album, was not released as a single.)
The original version of "The Greatest Love of All" recorded in 1977 by George Benson reached the following positions:
|Canada Adult Contemporary (RPM)||42|
|Canada Top Singles (RPM)||25|
|UK Singles (Official Charts)||27|
|US R&B Chart (Billboard)||2|
|US Top 100 R&B (Cash Box)||3|
|US R&B Singles (Record World)||4|
|US Adult Contemporary (Billboard)||22|
|US Billboard Hot 100||24|
|US Singles Chart (Record World)||27|
|US Top 100 Singles (Cash Box)||29|
| style="width: 50%;text-align: left; vertical-align: top; " |
|Chart (December 1977)||Position|
|Canada Top 200 Singles of 1977 (RPM)||173|
|US R&B Solo Artist (Record World)||10|
|US Soul Singles (Billboard)||33|
|US Top R&B Singles (Cash Box)||41|
|US Top 200 Hits of 1977||153|
|1977||A-side||"The Greatest Love of All"||3:29
|George Benson||Michael Masser,
|Michael Masser||Lee Holdridge,
|The Greatest soundtrack|
|1977||B-side||"Ali's Theme"||5:18||Michael Masser||Michael Masser||Michael Masser||Lee Holdridge,
|The Greatest soundtrack|
- The full length of "The Greatest Love of All" on the album The Greatest is 5:32. The length of 3:29 on the 7" single is an edited version of the song.
- Writer – Michael Masser, Linda Creed
- Arranger – Michael Masser, Lee Holdridge
- Conductor, Orchestrated by – Lee Holdridge
- Producer – Michael Masser
- Lead Vocal - George Benson
- Piano – Michael Masser
- Guitar – Lee Ritenour
- Drums – Harvey Mason
- Bass – Stanley Banks
George Benson and Luciano Pavarotti
On May 29, 2001, the Italian operatic tenor Luciano Pavarotti performed the concert "Pavarotti & Friends" in his hometown of Modena, Italy. To raise money for refugees from Afghanistan under the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, this concert called "Pavarotti & Friends for Afghanistan" featured guest artists, one of them being his friend George Benson. The song performed in duet by the two was Benson's song "The Greatest Love of All", sung in parts by Benson in English and elsewhere by Pavarotti in Italian. This complete concert "Pavarotti & Friends for Afghanistan" raised $3.3 million for its cause, and was recorded and released in CD in 2001. The song was credited with the original title "The Greatest Love of All" recorded by Benson.
Versions of the single in other countries
The original single of "The Greatest Love of All" by George Benson has also been released in several other countries, as shown in the chart below.
"The Greatest Love Of All"
(Reissue in 1978)
|AFS-9170||7" single||5:35 (Full length)||5:18|
|1977||Japan||Arista||IER-20349||7" single||5:34 (Full length)||5:19|
|1977||Italy||Arista||3C 006 9989||7" single||5:32 (Full length)||5:17|
|1C 006-99 489||7" single||4:23 (Edit single)||5:15|
|1977||France||Arista||2C 006-99.489||7" single||4:18 (Edit single)||5:18|
|1977||Netherlands||Arista||NG 891||7" single||4:18 (Edit single)||5:18|
|1977||Australia||Arista||AR-11530||7" single||4:18 (Edit single)||5:18|
|1977||New Zealand||Arista||ATA 251||7" single||4:18 (Edit single)||5:18|
|1977||United Kingdom||Arista||ARISTA 133||7" single||(uninformed)||(uninformed)|
Single with "Funkin' for Jamaica (N.Y.)"
In July 1984, a single was released in the UK by label Old Gold, with "The Greatest Love of All". Benson's original recording remained on the A-side of the single, and on the B-side was another hit single of another artist: "Funkin' for Jamaica (N.Y.)" by Tom Browne, originally released in 1980.
|1977||A-side||"The Greatest Love of All"||5:32
|George Benson||Michael Masser,
|Michael Masser||The Greatest soundtrack|
|1980||B-side||"Funkin' for Jamaica (N.Y.)"||3:29||Tom Browne||Tom Browne,
The Floating Gold EP in Thailand
In 1977, an extended play (EP) with four successful soul music songs from that year was released in Thailand. The EP was called Floating Gold, released by label Royalsound, in reference to the song "Float On" by the Floaters, the first track of the EP. The second track was the Manhattans' "We Never Danced To Love Song" and the third was the Brothers Johnson's "Strawberry Letter 23". To finish the EP, the fourth track was "The Greatest Love of All" by George Benson.
|1977||A-side 1||"Float On"||The Floaters||Marvin Willis,
|1977||A-side 2||"We Never Danced To a Love Song"||The Manhattans||Gerald Alston,
Edward 'Sonny' Bivins
|It Feels So Good|
|1977||B-side 1||"Strawberry Letter 23"||The Brothers Johnson||Shuggie Otis||Quincy Jones||Right on Time|
|1977||B-side 2||"The Greatest Love of All"||George Benson||Michael Masser,
|Michael Masser||The Greatest soundtrack|
The Whitney Houston version, 1986
|"Greatest Love of All"|
|Single by Whitney Houston|
|from the album Whitney Houston|
|B-side||"Thinking About You"|
|Released||March 18, 1986|
|Format||CD single, cassette single, 7-inch single, 12" single|
|Songwriter(s)||Michael Masser, Linda Creed|
|Whitney Houston singles chronology|
The song was further popularized by Whitney Houston under the title "Greatest Love of All," without the "The." The song was recorded by the American recording artist for her self-titled debut album, which was released in February 1985 by Arista Records. The song became a major hit, topping the charts in Australia, Canada and the US, while reaching the top 20 in most countries, including Italy, Sweden and the UK. It remains her third biggest US hit, after "I Will Always Love You" and "I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)". All three songs, in order of their former popularity, re-entered the Billboard Hot 100 chart, after Houston's death in 2012, debuting the same week at numbers 7, 35 and 41, respectively, giving Houston three posthumous chart hits.
Clive Davis, founder of Houston's label Arista Records, was initially against Houston recording the song for her debut studio album, Whitney Houston, but he eventually gave in after persuasion from Houston and Masser. It was released as the B-side to the single "You Give Good Love," a previous Top 5 hit by Houston. The song, eventually released as a single in its own right, on March 18, 1986, was the seventh release from Houston's debut album, and spent three weeks at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in May of that year.
Houston's album version features a piano intro, while the single version begins with a keyboard intro. After the single became a success, it replaced the original album version on subsequent pressings of the album. However, the original version was restored for the 2010 Deluxe Anniversary Edition reissue of the album and international releases.
Her live performance in 1990 in the 15th anniversary of Arista Records concert in Radio City Music Hall was included in the 25th anniversary deluxe edition of Whitney Houston and the 2014 CD/DVD release, Whitney Houston Live: Her Greatest Performances.
Whitney Houston was still an unknown hopeful when then the president of Arista Records, Clive Davis, and Masser heard her sing "Greatest Love" in a New York club on Amsterdam Avenue at about 68th St. a few years before her debut. Davis later described the first time he heard Houston sing:
I went down there [Sweetwater's club] instead of having her audition in a studio; I was seeing her before an audience. She did backup singing and you could see she was a beautiful young girl. But then she stepped out and she did two solo numbers, one of which was the song "The Greatest Love of All." Whitney sang the song with such fervor, with such a natural vocal gift, with such passion, that I was stunned. I knew really right then and there that this was a special talent and I was blown away by her. As I reflect back on this, I can relive the exprience for the very first time. There was no hesitation. I wanted to sign Whitney.
Masser said, "When I first met Whitney, she was about 19 and unknown. I went into Sweetwater's, and I thought I must be totally out of it―-I said, 'I must be going crazy, I think I'm hearing one of my songs.' She was singing 'The Greatest Love of All' just as I walked in, and that meant something to me. Two and a half years later when I was doing Teddy Pendergrass there was a duet and everybody wanted me to use this or that known person. Only because I had heard Whitney singing 'The Greatest Love of All.' I chose her." (The eventual duet between Pendergrass and Houston to which Masser referred, which served as Houston's debut single, was titled "Hold Me In Your Arms.")
Houston's music video was filmed at Harlem's Apollo Theater in New York City. In the video, she is a successful singer who is about to perform in front of an audience. She reminisces about the time when she was a child performing in a talent competition and receiving encouragement from her mother. The video features Houston's mother Cissy Houston playing herself, supporting a young Whitney, as well as hugging present Whitney at the end of the video. It was directed by Peter Israelson, filmed with James Contner as DP and Steadicam operator Robin Buerki shooting 35mm film. 
Many critics called the song the centerpiece of Houston's debut album. Stephen Holden of The New York Times wrote that "Houston sings it with a forceful directness that gives its message of self-worth an astounding resonance and conviction" and called the song a compelling assertion of spiritual devotion, black pride, and family loyalty, all at once. Don Shewey of Rolling Stone wrote that as the song builds, Houston "slowly pours on the soul, slips in some churchy phrasing, holds notes a little longer and shows off her glorious voice."
Benson's 1977 version was an R&B hit, reaching number 2 on the R&B chart. It was a moderate pop hit, making the top 40 on the Billboard Hot 100. Houston's version reached number one on the Hot 100 chart for three weeks in 1986. The single was the fourth hit (and third number 1) from her debut album. To date, this song was her second longest stay atop this chart, behind 1992's "I Will Always Love You." The song also reached number one on both component charts, the Hot 100 Singles Sales and the Hot 100 Airplay, her second consecutive release to do so, and stayed for 14 weeks inside the top 40. On other Billboard charts, Houston also performed well, reaching number three on the R&B chart. The song topped the adult contemporary chart for five weeks, Houston's longest stay at the top of that chart at the time. The song ranked No. 11 on Billboard's year end pop singles chart. Houston's single fared well globally as well, reaching No. 8 in the United Kingdom and the top ten or No. 1 in several other European countries. It became her first No. 1 single in Australia. After her death, the single returned to the Billboard Hot 100, debuting at number 41.
In April 1987, Gordon Lightfoot filed a lawsuit against Michael Masser, alleging that Masser's song "The Greatest Love of All" stole twenty-four bars from Lightfoot's 1970 hit "If You Could Read My Mind." According to Maclean's, Lightfoot commented, "It really rubbed me the wrong way. I don't want the present-day generation to think that I stole my song from him." Lightfoot has stated that he dropped the suit when he felt it was having a negative effect on Whitney Houston, as the suit was about Masser and not her.
- US vinyl/7"/Single
- A "Greatest Love of All" – 4:51
- B "Thinking About You" – 4:06
- Writer – Michael Masser, Linda Creed
- Producer – Michael Masser
- Arranger – Gene Page, Jr.
- The players – Robbie Buchanan, Nathan East, Dann Huff, Paul Jackson, Jr., Randy Kerber, Richard Marx, Lou Shelton, Debbie Thomas, Julia Waters, Maxine Waters, Oren Waters, John Robinson
- Mixer – Bill Schnee
- Engineers – Michael Mancini, Russell Schmitt
Charts and certifications
- discogs.com. "George Benson - "The Greatest Love Of All" (1977)". Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- 45cat. "Floating Gold - Various Artists (1977)". Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- AllMusic. "George Benson – Weekend In L.A. (1978)". Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- AllMusic. "George Benson – Live At Montreux (1986)". Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- Music-bazaar.com. "Pavarotti & Friends For Afghanistan (2001)". Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- Jackie Helman (June 8, 1986). "Masser's Greatest Love". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- Jay Padroff (July 15, 1988). "Michael Masser's music is his greatest love". Ocala Star-Banner. The New York Times Company. p. 5C. Retrieved June 13, 2011.
- AmericanRadioHistory (December 24, 1977). "Billboard Soul Singles" (PDF). Retrieved Feb 27, 2018.
- AllMusic. "George Benson – The Greatest Hits of All (2003)". Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- AllMusic. "The Very Best of George Benson: The Greatest Hits of All". Retrieved July 21, 2018.
- Library and Archives Canada (October 22, 1977). "RPM - Adult Contemporary" (PDF). Retrieved July 1, 2017.
- Library and Archives Canada (October 15, 1977). "RPM - Top Singles" (PDF). Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- The Official UK Charts Company (September 24, 1977). "George Benson - Chart History (UK Charts Songs)". Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- Billboard (September 10, 1977). "George Benson - Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Retrieved July 1, 2017.
- Cash Box Magazine (September 24, 1977). "Cash Box - Top 100 R&B" (PDF). Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- AmericanRadioHistory (September 10, 1977). "Record World - R&B Singles" (PDF). Retrieved May 25, 2017.
- Billboard (October 15, 1977). "George Benson - Adult Contemporary Songs". Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- "George Benson Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- AmericanRadioHistory (October 1, 1977). "Record World - Singles Chart" (PDF). Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- Cash Box Magazine (October 8, 1977). "Cash Box - Top 100 Singles" (PDF). Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- Library and Archives Canada (December 31, 1977). "RPM Top 200 Singles of 1977" (PDF). Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- AmericanRadioHistory (December 31, 1977). "Record World R&B Singles" (PDF). Retrieved May 25, 2017.
- AmericanRadioHistory (December 31, 1977). "CASH BOX Top R&B Singles" (PDF). Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- Rate Your Music based on Billboard. "The Top 200 Hits of 1977". Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- discogs.com. "Muhammad Ali In "The Greatest" (Original Soundtrack) (1977)". Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- discogs.com. "George Benson / Michael Masser – "The Greatest Love Of All" / "Ali's Theme" (1977)". Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- Billboard. "Pavarotti & Friends Sing For Refugees (30/05/2001)". Retrieved May 24, 2017.
- BBC NEWS. "Pavarotti and Bono sing for Iraq (08/04/2003)". Retrieved May 24, 2017.
- "Whitney Houston's Biggest Hits". Billboard. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- "Whitney Houston - Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-02-12.
- Bronson, Fred (2003). The Billboard Book of No. 1 Hits, 5th Edition (Billboard Publications), page 636.
- Kellman, Andy (2014-11-10). "Live: Her Greatest Performances - Whitney Houston | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- Whitney Houston - "Greatest Love of All" on Vevo
- Holden, Stephen. "Whitney Houston – Pop's New Queen". NY Times. March 18, 1986. Pg A18.
- Shewey, Don. "Whitney Houston Album Review". Rolling Stone
- Hyatt, Wesley (1999). The Billboard Book of number 1 Adult Contemporary Hits (Billboard Publications), page 306.
- Top 20 Pop Singles for 1986. Newsday. December 28, 1986. Pg 19.
- "Whitney Houston Returns to Hot 100's Top 10 With 'I Will Always Love You'". Billboard. February 15, 2012. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
- Nominees, Winners for the 14th American Music Awards of 1987
- Hunt, Dennis (January 9, 1987). "Grammy Nominations: Highs and Lows: Winwood, Gabriel and Simon Garner Most Nominations". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. p. 2. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- Weaver, Maurice (March 23, 1987). "'Soul Train' Awards Are a 1st for Black Music". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Company. Retrieved Dec 15, 2015.
- BODENSEHER, Florian. "Gordon Lightfoot - Biography". Corfid.com. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- Wake, Matt. "Gordon Lightfoot on Elvis, Dylan covering his songs, not suing Whitney over 'The Greatest Love of All'". AL.com. Retrieved July 26, 2015.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (Illustrated ed.). Sydney: Australian Chart Book. p. 143. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. N.B. The Kent Report chart was licensed by ARIA between 1983 and June 26, 1988.
- "Austriancharts.at – Whitney Houston – Greatest Love of All" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
- Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin: Levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972. Finland: Otava. p. 161. ISBN 951-1-21053-X.
- "Whitney Houston Chart History". RÚV. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
- "Hit Parade Italia - Indice per Anno: 1986". Hitparadeitalia.it. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- "Musicline.de – Houston, Whitney Single-Chartverfolgung" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – Whitney Houston" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40.
- "Charts.nz – Whitney Houston – Greatest Love of All". Top 40 Singles.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Whitney Houston – Greatest Love of All". Singles Top 100.
- "Swisscharts.com – Whitney Houston – Greatest Love of All". Swiss Singles Chart.
- "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- "Whitney Houston Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard.
- "Whitney Houston Chart History (Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs)". Billboard.
- "Whitney Houston Chart History (Adult Contemporary)". Billboard.
- "ARIA Charts: The ARIA Report week commencing 20 February 2012 – Issue #1147" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association Ltd. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- "Lescharts.com – Whitney Houston – Greatest Love of All" (in French). Les classement single.
- "Top 40". Top40.nl. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- "South Korea Gaon International Chart (Week: February 12, 2012 to February 18, 2012)". Gaon Chart. January 5, 2013. Archived from the original on December 19, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- Hung, Steffen. "Whitney Houston - Greatest Love Of All". Spanishcharts.com. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- "Whitney Houston - Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- "USA Top 100 Songs of Decade-End 80s, Eighties [HD 1080p". YouTube. 2014-11-26. Retrieved 2016-10-12.