Greece–India relations

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Greek-Indian relations
Map indicating locations of Greece and India



Greece-Indian relations are the relations between Greece and India. Greece has an embassy in New Delhi and three honorary consulates in Kolkata, Chennai and Mumbai. India has an embassy in Athens and a honorary consulate in Thessaloniki.

Historical relations[edit]

Ancient Time[edit]

Pataliputra Palace capital, showing Greek and Persian influence, early Mauryan Empire period, 3rd century BC.

For the Ancient Greeks "India" (Greek: Ινδία) meant only the upper Indus till the time of Alexander the Great. After "India" meant to the Greeks most of the northern half of the Indian subcontinent. The Greeks referred to the Indians as "Indói" (Greek: Ἰνδοί), literally meaning "the people of the Indus River". Indians called the Greeks Yonas or “Yavanas[1] from Ionians.[2]

18th–19th century[edit]

There is now tangible evidence indicating that the settlement of Greek merchants in Bengal must have begun as early as the beginning of the seventeenth century.[3] Dimitrios Galanos (Greek: Δημήτριος Γαλανός, 1760–1833) was the earliest recorded Greek Indologist. His translations of Sanskrit texts into Greek made knowledge of the philosophical and religious ideas of India available to many Europeans. A "Dimitrios Galanos" Chair for Hellenic Studies was established at Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, India in September 2000.

Modern Time[edit]

Relations between Greece and India started in May 1950. India opened its resident Embassy in Athens in March 1978. The new Greek Embassy building in New Delhi was inaugurated on 6 February 2006.

Three Indian companies were having partners in Greece and 15 Greek companies are operating in India.

The graves of Indians who died in Greece during the two World Wars are located in the memorial grounds of the cemeteries of the Allied Forces in Athens and Thessaloniki.

Thessaloniki was twinned with Kolkata at January 2005.

About 12,000–13,000 Indian people live in Greece.

India and Greece enjoy close bilateral relations and annual bilateral trade stands at of $0.50 billion. Greece backs India for UNSC permanent membership.

List of recent bilateral visites[edit]

List of bilateral treaties[edit]

Deputy Foreign Minister of Greece Dimitris Kourkoulas and Deputy Minister of External Affairs of India Preneet Kaur.
  • Agreement on Cultural Exchange, 1961
  • Agreement on Avoidance of Double Taxation, 1967
  • Agreement for Joint Commission for Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation, 1983.
  • Joint Business Council of FICCI and ASSOCHAM and the Athens Chamber of Commerce, 1996.
  • Agreement of Co-operation between Hellenic Foreign Trade Board and India *Trade Promotion Organisation, 1996.
  • Agreement on Tourism Cooperation, 1998.
  • MoU on Defence Cooperation, 1998.
  • MoU for Cooperation in Agriculture, 2001.
  • Agreement on Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (BIPA), 2007.
  • Agreement on Co-operation in Science & Technology, 2007.
  • MOU between CII and Federation of Greek Industries, 2007.
  • MOU for Co-operation between Institute of Science, Bengaluru and *National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), 2007

See also[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • "India in Greece" by E.Pococke (1852)
  • "The Greeks in India" by Demetrios Th. Vassiliades (2000)
  • "The shape of Ancient Thought: Comparative Studies in Greek and Indian Philosophies" by Thomas McEvilley
  • "Greeks and Buddhism" by Demetrios Th. Vassiliades (2016)
  • Kazanas, Nicholas. "Archaic Greece and the Veda." Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute 82.1/4 (2001): 1–42.
  • Kazanas, N. "Advaita and Gnosticism." Indian Historical Review 32.1 (2005): 197–254.
  • Kazanas, Nicholas. "Renaissances with Vedic Vaāk and Hellenic Logos." IUP Journal of History & Culture 4.4 (2010).
  • Kazanas, N. 2004 ‘Plato and the Upaniṣads’ in Brahmavidyā: Adyar Library Bulletin.
  • Swarup, Ram (2000). " India and Greece" In: On Hinduism: Reviews and reflections. New Delhi: Voice of India.
  • Timothy Lomperis, Hindu Influence on Greek Philosophy: The Odyssey of the Soul From the Upanishads to Plato
  • Meenakshi Jain, The India They Saw : Foreign accounts (co-edited with Sandhya Jain, 4 Volumes, Prabhat Prakashan), ISBN 8184301065, ISBN 8184301073, ISBN 8184301081, ISBN 818430109X.
  • Majumdar, R. C. (1981). The Classical accounts of India: Being a compilation of the English translations of the accounts left by Herodotus, Megasthenes, Arrian, Strabo, Quintus, Diodorus, Siculus, Justin, Plutarch, Frontinus, Nearchus, Apollonius, Pliny, Ptolemy, Aelian, and others with maps. Calcutta: Firma KLM.

External links[edit]