Greece at the 1896 Summer Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Greece at the
1896 Summer Olympics
Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg
IOC code GRE
NOC Hellenic Olympic Committee
Website www.hoc.gr (Greek) (English)
in Athens
Competitors 169 in 9 sports
Medals
Ranked 2nd
Gold Silver Bronze Total
10 17 19 46
Summer Olympics appearances (overview)
Other related appearances
1906 Intercalated Games

Greece was the host nation of the 1896 Summer Olympics held in Athens. The number of Greek contestants is commonly cited as 169, but as many as 176 Greeks[1] contested events in all nine sports. The Greeks were by far the most successful nation in terms of total medals with 46, 26 more than the United States of America. Nevertheless, their number of first-place finishes (10) was one fewer than the Americans' 11. The Greeks had 172 entries in 39 events. Only 4 events had no Greek entrants—the 400 metres and the high jump in athletics and the vault and the team horizontal bar in gymnastics.

Medalists[edit]

Medal Name Sport Event
 Gold Louis, SpyridonSpyridon Louis Athletics Men's marathon
 Gold Konstantinidis, AristidisAristidis Konstantinidis Cycling Men's road race
 Gold Pyrgos, LeonidasLeonidas Pyrgos Fencing Men's masters foil
 Gold Georgiadis, IoannisIoannis Georgiadis Fencing Men's sabre
 Gold Mitropoulos, IoannisIoannis Mitropoulos Gymnastics Men's rings
 Gold Andriakopoulos, NikolaosNikolaos Andriakopoulos Gymnastics Men's rope climbing
 Gold Karasevdas, PantelisPantelis Karasevdas Shooting Men's 200 m military rifle
 Gold Orphanidis, GeorgiosGeorgios Orphanidis Shooting Men's 300 m free rifle, three positions
 Gold Frangoudis, IoannisIoannis Frangoudis Shooting Men's 25 m rapid fire pistol
 Gold Malokinis, IoannisIoannis Malokinis Swimming Men's sailors 100 m freestyle
 Silver Vasilakos, CharilaosCharilaos Vasilakos Athletics Men's marathon
 Silver Gouskos, MiltiadisMiltiadis Gouskos Athletics Men's shot put
 Silver Paraskevopoulos, PanagiotisPanagiotis Paraskevopoulos Athletics Men's discus throw
 Silver Nikolopoulos, StamatiosStamatios Nikolopoulos Cycling Men's sprint
Men's time trial
 Silver Kolettis, GeorgiosGeorgios Kolettis Cycling Men's 100 km
 Silver Karakalos, TilemachosTilemachos Karakalos Fencing Men's sabre
 Silver Xenakis, ThomasThomas Xenakis Gymnastics Men's rope climbing
 Silver Andriakopoulos, NikolaosNikolaos Andriakopoulos, Spyridon Athanasopoulos,
Petros Persakis, Thomas Xenakis
Gymnastics Men's team parallel bars
 Silver Pavlidis, PanagiotisPanagiotis Pavlidis Shooting Men's 200 m military rifle
 Silver Frangoudis, IoannisIoannis Frangoudis Shooting Men's 300 m free rifle, three positions
 Silver Orphanidis, GeorgiosGeorgios Orphanidis Shooting Men's 25 m rapid fire pistol
 Silver Pepanos, AntoniosAntonios Pepanos Swimming Men's 500 m freestyle
 Silver Andreou, IoannisIoannis Andreou Swimming Men's 1200 m freestyle
 Silver Chazapis, SpyridonSpyridon Chazapis Swimming Men's sailors 100 m freestyle
 Silver Kasdaglis, DionysiosDionysios Kasdaglis Tennis Men's singles
 Silver Kasdaglis, DionysiosDionysios Kasdaglis, Demetrios Petrokokkinos Tennis Men's doubles
 Silver Tsitas, GeorgiosGeorgios Tsitas Wrestling Men's Greco-Roman
 Bronze Golemis, DimitriosDimitrios Golemis Athletics Men's 800 m
 Bronze Damaskos, EvangelosEvangelos Damaskos Athletics Men's pole vault
 Bronze Theodoropoulos, IoannisIoannis Theodoropoulos Athletics Men's pole vault
 Bronze Persakis, IoannisIoannis Persakis Athletics Men's triple jump
 Bronze Papasideris, GeorgiosGeorgios Papasideris Athletics Men's shot put
 Bronze Versis, SotiriosSotirios Versis Athletics Men's discus throw
 Bronze Pierrakos-Mavromichalis, PeriklisPeriklis Pierrakos-Mavromichalis Fencing Men's foil
 Bronze Persakis, PetrosPetros Persakis Gymnastics Men's rings
 Bronze Chrysafis, IoannisIoannis Chrysafis, Filippos Karvelas,
Dimitrios Loundras, Ioannis Mitropoulos
Gymnastics Men's team parallel bars
 Bronze Trikoupis, NikolaosNikolaos Trikoupis Shooting Men's 200 m military rifle
 Bronze Morakis, NikolaosNikolaos Morakis Shooting Men's 25 m military pistol
 Bronze Frangoudis, IoannisIoannis Frangoudis Shooting Men's 30 m free pistol
 Bronze Chorafas, EfstathiosEfstathios Chorafas Swimming Men's 500 m freestyle
Men's 1200 m freestyle
 Bronze Drivas, DimitriosDimitrios Drivas Swimming Men's sailors 100 m freestyle
 Bronze Paspatis, KonstantinosKonstantinos Paspatis Tennis Men's singles
 Bronze Nikolopoulos, AlexandrosAlexandros Nikolopoulos Weightlifting Men's one hand lift
 Bronze Versis, SotiriosSotirios Versis Weightlifting Men's two hand lift
 Bronze Christopoulos, StephanosStephanos Christopoulos Wrestling Men's Greco-Roman

Results by event[edit]

Athletics[edit]

The Greeks entered every event on the athletics program save the 400 metres and the high jump. They took 1 gold, 3 silver, and 6 bronze medals in the sport. It was initially thought that the Greek team had swept the top three places of the marathon event, until it was discovered that Spiridon Belokas had covered part of the distance by cart and was disqualified.

Event Place Athlete Heat Final
100 metres 5th Alexandros Chalkokondylis 12.75 seconds 12.6 seconds
Georgios Gennimatas Unknown Did not advance
800 metres 3rd Dimitrios Golemis 2:16.8 2:28.0
Angelos Fetsis Unknown Did not advance
Dimitrios Tomprof Unknown
1500 metres 5th Angelos Fetsis No heats Unknown
6th Dimitrios Golemis Unknown
Konstantinos Karakatsanis Unknown
Dimitrios Tomprof Unknown
110 metre hurdles Athanasios Skaltsogiannis Unknown Did not advance
Anastasios Andreou Unknown
Marathon 1st Spiridon Louis No heats 2:58.50
2nd Charilaos Vasilakos 3:06:03
4th Ioannis Vrettos Unknown
5th Eleftherios Papasymeon Unknown
6th Dimitrios Deligiannis Unknown
7th Evangelos Gerakeris Unknown
8th Stamatios Masouris Unknown
Ioannis Lavrentis Did not finish
Georgios Grigoriou Did not finish
Ilias Kafetzis Did not finish
Dimitrios Christopoulos Did not finish
Spyridon Belokas Disqualified
Event Place Athlete Best mark
Long jump 4th Alexandros Chalkokondylis 5.74 metres
Athanasios Skaltsogiannis Unknown
Triple jump 3rd Ioannis Persakis 12.52 metres
Christos Zoumis Unknown
Pole vault 3rd Evangelos Damaskos 2.60 metres
Ioannis Theodoropoulos 2.60 metres
5th Vasilios Xydas 2.40 metres
Shot put 2nd Miltiadis Gouskos 11.03 metres
3rd Georgios Papasideris 10.36 metres
Discus throw 2nd Panagiotis Paraskevopoulos 28.95 metres
3rd Sotirios Versis 27.78 metres
Georgios Papasideris Unknown

Cycling[edit]

Greece had entries in all six cycling events, winning one and taking second place in three more.

Event Place Cyclist Time/Distance
333 metres 2nd Stamatios Nikolopoulos 26.0 seconds
2 kilometres 2nd Stamatios Nikolopoulos 5:00.2
10 kilometres 5th Aristidis Konstantinidis Unknown
Georgios Kolettis Did not finish
100 kilometres 2nd Georgios Kolettis Unknown
Aristidis Konstantinidis Did not finish
12-hour race Georgios Paraskevopoulos Did not finish
Nikos Loverdos Did not finish
A. Tryfiatis-Tripiaris Did not finish
Konstantinos Konstantinou Did not finish
Road race 1st Aristidis Konstantinidis 3:22:31
Georgios Aspiotis Unknown
Miltiades Iatrou Unknown
Konstantinos Konstantinou Unknown
Georgios Paraskevopoulos Unknown

Fencing[edit]

Group of French and Greek fencers at 1896 Summer Olympics

Greek fencers won the top two places in the sabre competition, third place in the amateur foil competition, and in a major upset, Pyrgos defeated Joanni Perronet in the sole match of the masters foil event.

Event Place Fencer Record Touches Round-robin Final
Wins Losses For Against
Foil 3rd Periklis Pierrakos-Mavromichalis 2 1 7 4 2nd
Group A
Did not advance
4th Athanasios Vouros 2 1 8 4 2nd
Group B
Did not advance
5th Konstantinos Komninos-Miliotis 1 2 5 7 3rd
Group B
Did not advance
7th Georgios Balakakis 0 3 3 9 4th
Group B
Did not advance
Ioannis Poulos 0 3 4 9 4th
Group A
Did not advance
Masters foil 1st Leonidas Pyrgos 1 0 3 1 None held Won
3-1
Sabre 1st Ioannis Georgiadis 4 0 12 6 1st None held
2nd Tilemachos Karakalos 3 1 11 5 2nd None held
5th Georgios Iatridis 0 4 3 12 5th None held
Opponent nation Wins Losses Percent
Austria 2 1 .667
Denmark 2 1 .667
France 2 6 .250
Total international 6 8 .429
Greece 7 7 .500
Total 13 15 .464

Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics[edit]

The names of the members of the two teams that competed in the team events are, for the most part, unknown. The vault and the team horizontal bar were two of the four events (the other two in the athletics program) that had no Greek entrants. The Greeks took two of each color medal, with two medals in each of the rope climbing (gold and silver), rings (gold and bronze), and team parallel bars (silver and bronze) competitions.

Athlete Event Score Rank
Filippos Karvelas Parallel bars Unknown Unknown
Ioannis Mitropoulos Unknown Unknown
Antonios Papagiannou Unknown Unknown
Ioannis Mitropoulos Rings Unknown 1st, gold medalist(s)
Petros Persakis Unknown 3rd, bronze medalist(s)
Aristovoulos Petmezas Pommel horse Unknown Unknown
Antonios Papagiannou Horizontal bar Unknown Unknown
Leonidas Tsiklitiras Unknown Unknown
Athlete Event Result Rank
Nikolaos Andriakopoulos Rope climbing 14.0 1st, gold medalist(s)
Thomas Xenakis 14.0 2nd, silver medalist(s)
Team Event Rank
Panellinios G.S. Team parallel bars 2nd, silver medalist(s)
Ethnikos G.S. Athens 3rd, bronze medalist(s)

Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting[edit]

Greek shooters dominated the two rifle events and the rapid fire pistol competition, but were largely unable to compete with the Paine brothers of the United States in the pistol events that the two brothers entered.

Shooter Event Hits Score Rank
Pantelis Karasevdas Men's 200 metre military rifle 40 2350 1st, gold medalist(s)
Panagiotis Pavlidis 38 1978 2nd, silver medalist(s)
Nikolaos Trikoupis 34 1713 3rd, bronze medalist(s)
Anastasios Metaxas Unknown 1701 4
Georgios Orphanidis Unknown 1698 5
Georgios Diamantis Unknown 1456 7
Ioannis Theofilakis Unknown 1261 9
Alexios Fetsios Unknown 894 11
Spiridon Stais Unknown 845 12
Aristovoulos Petmezas Unknown Unknown Unknown
G. Karagiannopoulos Unknown Unknown Unknown
Georgios Orphanidis Men's 300 metre free rifle, three positions 37 1583 1st, gold medalist(s)
Ioannis Frangoudis 31 1312 2nd, silver medalist(s)
Anastasios Metaxas Unknown 1102 4
Pantelis Karasevdas Unknown 1039 5
Antelothanasis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Georgios Diamantis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Alexios Fetsios Unknown Unknown Unknown
Karakatsanis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Hatzidakis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Nikolaos Levidis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Zinon Michailidis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Moustakopoulos Unknown Unknown Unknown
Panagiotis Pavlidis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Alexandros Theofilakis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Ioannis Theofilakis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Nikolaos Trikoupis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Leonidas Langakis Did not finish
Ioannis Vourakis Did not finish
Nikolaos Morakis Men's 25 metre military pistol 205 Unknown 3rd, bronze medalist(s)
Ioannis Frangoudis Unknown Unknown 4
Zinon Michailidis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Georgios Orphanidis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Pantazidis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Patsouris Unknown Unknown Unknown
Panagiotis Pavlidis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Aristovoulos Petmezas Unknown Unknown Unknown
Platis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Vavis Unknown Unknown Unknown
Pantelis Karasevdas Did not finish
Sanidis Did not finish
Ioannis Frangoudis Men's 25 metre rapid fire pistol 23 344 1st, gold medalist(s)
Georgios Orphanidis 20 248 2nd, silver medalist(s)
Ioannis Frangoudis Men's 30 metre free pistol Unknown Unknown 3rd, bronze medalist(s)
Leonidas Morakis Unknown Unknown 4
Georgios Orphanidis Unknown Unknown 5

Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming[edit]

Some of the Greek swimmers' names were not recorded. Greece's only swimming gold medal came in an event in which only Greek swimmers were allowed to compete, as did a silver and a bronze. In the three open events, the Greeks took two silvers and two bronzes, all in the two longer races.

Athlete Events Final
Time Rank
Georgios Anninos 100 m freestyle Unknown Unknown
Efstathios Chorafas Unknown Unknown
Alexandros Chrysafos Unknown Unknown
Antonios Pepanos 500 m freestyle 9:57.6 2nd, silver medalist(s)
Efstathios Chorafas Unknown 3rd, bronze medalist(s)
Ioannis Andreou 1200 m freestyle 21:03.4 2nd, silver medalist(s)
Efstathios Chorafas Unknown 3rd, bronze medalist(s)
N. Katravas Unknown Unknown
Ioannis Malokinis Men's sailors 100 metre freestyle 2:20.4 1st, gold medalist(s)
Spyridon Chazapis Unknown 2nd, silver medalist(s)
Dimitrios Drivas Unknown 3rd, bronze medalist(s)

Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis[edit]

Greece earned a silver medal and a bronze medal in the singles tournament. Kasdaglis and Petrokokkinos competed as a mixed team, winning another silver which is not counted in the Greek total.

Athlete Event First round Quarterfinals Semifinals Finals
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Rank
Dionysios Kasdaglis Men's singles  Defert (FRA)
W
 Akratopoulos (GRE)
W
 Tapavica (HUN)
W
 Boland (GBR)
L 3-6, 1-6
2nd, silver medalist(s)
Konstantinos Paspatis  Robertson (GBR)
W
 Akratopoulos (GRE)
W
 Boland (GBR)
L
Did not advance 3rd, bronze medalist(s)
Aristidis Akratopoulos  Flack (AUS)
W
 Paspatis (GRE)
L
Did not advance 5
Evangelos Rallis  Petrokokkinos (GRE)
W
 Boland (GRE)
L
Did not advance 5
Konstantinos Akratopoulos Bye  Kasdaglis (GRE)
L
Did not advance 5
Demetrios Petrokokkinos  Rallis (GRE)
L
Did not advance 8
Dimitris Frangopoulos  Tapavica (HUN)
L
Did not advance 8
Dionysios Kasdaglis
Demetrios Petrokokkinos
Men's doubles n/a  Paspatis/
Rallis (GRE)
W
 Flack (AUS)/
 Robertson (GBR)
W
 Boland (GBR)/
 Traun (GER)
L 7-5, 4-6, 1-6
2nd, silver medalist(s)
Aristidis Akratopoulos
Konstantinos Akratopoulos
n/a  Boland (GBR)/
 Traun (GER)
L
Did not advance
Konstantinos Paspatis
Evangelos Rallis
n/a  Kasdaglis/
Petrokokkinos (GRE)
L
Did not advance
Opponent nation Wins Losses Percent
 Australia 1 0 1.000
 France 1 0 1.000
 Hungary 1 1 .500
 Great Britain 1 3 .250
 Mixed team 1 3 .250
Total international 5 7 .417
Greece 4 3 .571
Total 9 10 .474

Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting[edit]

In the one handed event, weightlifters had to lift with each hand successively. Nikolopoulos was able to list 57 kilograms with one hand, but only 40 kilograms with the other. He was judged to have come in third place in the event between the silver medallist Viggo Jensen who had lifted 57 with each hand and 4th-place finisher Versis who had lifted 40 with each, but had not been able to lift 57 with either.

Lifting form was used to break ties in the two handed competition.

Athlete Event Weight Rank
Alexandros Nikolopoulos One hand lift 57.0 3rd, bronze medalist(s)
Sotirios Versis 40.0 4
Sotirios Versis Two hand lift 90.0 3rd, bronze medalist(s)
Georgios Papasideris 90.0 4

Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling[edit]

Christopoulos won a battle of endurance against Momcsilló Tapavicza in the quarterfinals of the wrestling tournament. He then had to face Tsitas, who had received a bye in that round. Tsitas won, giving Christopoulos the bronze medal and a shoulder injury. Tsitas then faced Carl Schuhmann in the final. Schuhmann, having had a bye in the semifinals, took two days to defeat Tsitas, the match having to be postponed on account of darkness at the end of 40 minutes in the first day.

Athlete Event Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Rank
Georgios Tsitas Greco-Roman Bye  Christopoulos (GRE)
W
 Schuhmann (GER)
L
2nd, silver medalist(s)
Stephanos Christopoulos  Tapavica (HUN)
W
 Tsitas (GER)
L
Did not advance 3rd, bronze medalist(s)


Opponent nation Wins Losses Percent
Germany 0 1 .000
Hungary 1 0 1.000
Total international 1 1 .500
Greece 1 1 .500
Total 2 2 .500

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The names of 103 competitors are known. Up to 7 unknown swimmers, 22 unknown shooters, and 44 unknown gymnasts competed for a total of 176. Most historians reduce the number of swimmers to 6 unknowns, saying that two of the entries were by the same swimmer, as well as noting that the 104 known competitors include three gymnasts who probably were among the 44 unnamed competitors in the team event. These two changes reduce the total competitors to 172. A comparison of Mallon's tables of multiple-event athletes indicates that he believes 3 of the unknown gymnasts also competed in other sports, reducing the number further to 169, which is the number he uses for Greece, Smyrna and Cyprus.

References[edit]

  • Lampros, S.P.; Polites, N.G.; De Coubertin, Pierre; Philemon, P.J.; Anninos, C. (1897). The Olympic Games: BC 776 – AD 1896. Athens: Charles Beck.  (Digitally available at [1])
  • Mallon, Bill; Widlund, Ture (1998). The 1896 Olympic Games. Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. Jefferson: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-0379-9.  (Excerpt available at [2])
  • Smith, Michael Llewellyn (2004). Olympics in Athens 1896. The Invention of the Modern Olympic Games. London: Profile Books. ISBN 1-86197-342-X.