Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Saint Nicholas of Ruski Krstur

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Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Saint Nicholas of Ruski Krstur

Гркокатолички апостолски егзархат у Србији
Ruski Krstur, Uniate church.jpg
Greek Catholic Cathedral of Saint Nicholas in Ruski Krstur, Serbia
Location
CountrySerbia
TerritorySerbia
Metropolitanexempt, directly subjected to the Holy See
Statistics
Population
- Catholics

22,085 (2013)
Parishes21 (2013)
Information
DenominationGreek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia
RiteByzantine Rite
Established(2003) 2018
CathedralGreek Catholic Cathedral of St. Nicholas in Ruski Krstur, Serbia
Secular priests20 (2013)
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
BishopĐura Džudžar
Metropolitan Archbishopexempt, directly subjected to the Holy See

The Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Saint Nicholas of Ruski Krstur (Serbian: Гркокатолички апостолски егзархат у Србији) is an ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church for Eastern Catholics of the Byzantine Rite in Serbia. It was founded in 2003 as the "Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro" and reduced to the territory of Serbia in 2013. Since 2003, head of the Eparchy is bishop Đura Džudžar.[1]

The Eparchy is a part of the Greek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia, together with the Greek Catholic Eparchy of Križevci in Croatia. In terms of jurisdiction, the Eparchy is exempt and directly subjected to the Holy See.[2] There are no ecclesiastical provinces for it to belong to in the Greek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia, which lacks a Metropolitan of its own, since the Eparchy of Križevci (the only other jurisdiction in the Greek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia) is suffragan to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Zagreb.[3]

Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro (2003–2013)[edit]

Greek Catholic Church of Saint Apostles Peter and Paul in Novi Sad, Serbia
Greek Catholic Church in Đurđevo, Serbia
Greek Catholic Church in Markovac, Serbia
Greek Catholic Church in Jankov Most, Serbia

Until 2001, the Greek Catholic Eparchy of Križevci had full jurisdiction over all Eastern Catholics of the Byzantine Rite throughout the entire territory of the former Yugoslavia, including all of its successor states: Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia.

After the formation of independent successor states from what had been Yugoslavia, the process of administrative reorganization was initiated. In 2001, a separate Byzantine Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Macedonia was formed for Eastern Catholics of the Byzantine Rite in neighboring Macedonia. It was fully separated from the Eparchy of Križevci and directly subjected to the Holy See.[4]

In 2003, a new Apostolic Exarchate was created for Roman Catholics of the Byzantine Rite in Serbia and Montenegro, the Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro. Its first and only exarch was bishop Đura Džudžar, who was appointed on August 28 (2003), with residence in Ruski Krstur.[1] This exarchate remained in association with the Eparchy of Križevci.

In 2004, the Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate for Serbia and Montenegro had 26 parishes with 22,934 faithful and 18 priests, and in 2009 it had 21 parishes with 22,369 faithful and 18 priests.[5]

Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia (2013–2018)[edit]

On 19 January 2013, all Eastern Catholics of the Byzantine Rite in Montenegro were entrusted to the local Latin Bishops, so the jurisdiction of the Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro was reduced to just Serbia.[6] Bishop Đura Džudžar remained in his post as exarch. The Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia is still associated with the Greek Catholic Eparchy of Križevci as part of the Greek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia.

The Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia practices liturgy in the Slavonic form of Byzantine Rite and uses the Old Church Slavonic language and the Cyrillic alphabet. Adherents of the Eastern Catholic Byzantine Rite in Serbia are mainly ethnic Rusyns, Ukrainians, and Rumanians. In 2013, the Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate for Serbia had 21 parishes with 22,085 faithful and 20 priests.[7]

Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Saint Nicholas of Ruski Krstur (since 2018)[edit]

On December 6, 2018, the Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia was elevated by Pope Francis to the rank of Eparchy and Đura Džudžar was appointed the first eparchial bishop.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Catholic Hierarchy: Bishop Đura Džudžar
  2. ^ Catholic Hierarchy: Byzantine Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia
  3. ^ Catholic Hierarchy: Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Križevci
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 30, 2016. Retrieved 2016-06-06., AAS 93 (2001), p. 339.
  5. ^ Catholic Hierarchy: Byzantine Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro
  6. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis, 105 (2013), p. 187.
  7. ^ Catholic Hierarchy: Byzantine Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia
  8. ^ Elevation of the apostolic exarchate for Catholic faithful of Byzantine rite resident in Serbia to eparchy, and appointment of the first eparchial bishop

External links[edit]