Greek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia
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|Greek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia|
|Serbian: Гркокатоличка црква у Србији |
Croatian: Grkokatolička crkva u Hrvatskoj
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The Greek Catholic Church of Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia is an Eastern Catholic Church sui iuris of the Byzantine Rite which is in full union with the Roman Catholic Church. It consists of the Eparchy of Križevci and the Eparchy of Saint Nicholas of Ruski Krstur. The Eparchy of Križevci has been headed by Bishop Nikola Kekić since his appointment in 2009 and the Eparchy of Saint Nicholas of Ruski Krstur has been headed by Bishop Đura Džudžar since his appointment in 2003 (until 2018 as Apostolic Exarch).
Until 2001, the Greek Catholic Eparchy of Križevci had full jurisdiction over all Eastern Catholics of the Byzantine Rite throughout the entire territory of former Yugoslavia, including all of its successor states: Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia. During that time, it mostly gathered its faithful among the Croats in central and eastern Croatia, among the Rusyns or Ukrainians in eastern Croatia, northern Bosnia and northern Serbia and among Macedonians in Macedonia.
After the formation of independent successor states from what had been Yugoslavia, the process of administrative reorganization was initiated. In 2001, a separate Byzantine Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Macedonia was formed for Greek Catholics in Macedonia. It was fully separated from the Eparchy of Križevci and proclaimed as directly subject only to the Holy See.
In 2003, a new Apostolic Exarchate was created for Greek Catholics in Serbia and Montenegro, the Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro. Its first exarch Đura Džudžar (Ђура Џуџар) was appointed in 2003, with residence in Ruski Krstur. This exarchate remained in association with the Eparchy of Križevci.
After those changes, the jurisdiction of the Eparchy of Križevci was confined to Croatia, Slovenia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina.
In 2013, all Catholics of Byzantine Rite in Montenegro were entrusted to the local Latin Bishops, so the jurisdiction of Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro was reduced to Serbia only. The Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia was elevated to the Eparchy of San Nicola di Ruski Krstur in December 2018. 
Liturgy and Extension
The Eparchy of Križevci reported for the year 2010 a total of 21,509 faithful (in Croatia, Slovenia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina). At that time, the Apostolic Exarchate for Serbia and Montenegro reported 22,369 faithful.
- Eparchy of Križevci (in Croatian)
- Apostolic Exarchate of Macedonia (2001-) on Catholic Hierarchy
- Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2013) on Catholic Hierarchy
- Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia (2013-) on Catholic Hierarchy
- Article on Greek Catholics in Former Yugoslavia by Ronald Roberson on the CNEWA web site
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