Greek legislative election, 1961

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Greek legislative election, 1961

← 1958 29 October 1961 1963 →

All 300 seats to the Greek Parliament
151 seats were needed for a majority

  First party Second party Third party
  KaramanlisNatsinasAgora crop.jpg Γεώργιος Α. Παπανδρέου 1.jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Konstantinos Karamanlis Georgios Papandreou Ioannis Passalidis
Party ERE ΕΚ PAME
Leader since 1955 1961 1951
Last election 171 seats, 41.16% - -
Seats won 176 100 24
Seat change +5 +100 -
Percentage 50.81% 33.66% 14.63%
Swing +9.65% - -

PM before election

Konstantinos Karamanlis
ERE

Subsequent PM

Konstantinos Karamanlis
ERE

Coat of Arms of Greece (Monochromatic).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Greece
Flag of Greece.svg Greece portal

Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on 29 October 1961.[1] The result was a third consecutive victory for Constantine Karamanlis and his National Radical Union (ERE) party, which won 176 of the 300 seats in Parliament.

Results[edit]

Greek legislative election, 1961.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/–
National Radical Union 2,347,824 50.8 176 +5
Centre Union-Progressive Party 1,555,442 33.7 100 New
All-Democratic Agricultural Front 675,867 14.6 24 New
List of Independents 41,550 0.9 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 20,803
Total 4,641,486 100 300 0
Registered voters/turnout 5,688,298 81.6
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
ERE
50.81%
EK-KP
33.66%
PAME
14.63%
Others
0.90%
Parliament seats
ERE
58.67%
EK-KP
33.33%
PAME
8.00%

Aftermath[edit]

The elections were quickly denounced by both main opposition parties, the leftist United Democratic Left (campaigning as part of the All-Democratic Agricultural Front) and the Centre Union, who refused to recognise the result based on numerous cases of voter intimidation and irregularities, such as sudden massive increases in support for ERE against historical patterns, or the voting by deceased persons. The Centre Union alleged that the election result had been staged by the agents of the shadowy "para-state" (παρακράτος), including the army leadership, the Greek Central Intelligence Service, and the notoriously right-wing National Guard Defence Battalions, according to a prepared emergency plan code-named Pericles (Σχέδιο «Περικλής»). Although irregularities certainly occurred, the existence of Pericles was never proven, nor is it certain that the interference in the elections radically influenced the outcome. Nevertheless, Centre Union leader George Papandreou initiated an "unrelenting struggle" ("ανένδοτος αγών") until new and fair elections were held.[2] Hence the elections of 1961 became known in the Greek political history as the "elections of violence and fraud" (εκλογές της βίας και νοθείας).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p830 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Clogg 1987, pp. 42–43.

Sources[edit]

  • Clogg, Richard (1987). Parties and Elections in Greece: The Search for Legitimacy. Duke University Press. ISBN 9780822307945.