1974 Greek legislative election

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Greek legislative election, 1974

← 1964 17 November 1974 1977 →

All 300 seats to the Greek Parliament
151 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  KaramanlisNatsinasAgora crop.jpg GEORGIOS MAVROS.jpg
Leader Konstantinos Karamanlis Georgios Mavros
Party ND EK-ND
Leader since 4 October 1974 1974
Last election New 171 seats, 52.72%
Seats won 220 60
Seat change New Decrease 111
Popular vote 2,669,133 1,002,559
Percentage 54.37% 20.42%
Swing New Decrease 32.3%

  Third party Fourth party
  Andreas Papandreou.jpg No image.png
Leader Andreas Papandreou Ilias Iliou
Party PASOK EA
Leader since 3 September 1974 3 September 1974
Last election New New
Seats won 12 8
Seat change New New
Popular vote 666,413 464,787
Percentage 13.58% 9.47%
Swing New New

Prime Minister before election

Konstantinos Karamanlis
ND

Subsequent Prime Minister

Konstantinos Karamanlis
ND

Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on 17 November 1974.[1] They were the first after the end of the Greek military junta of 1967–1974 and took place during the metapolitefsi era. The winner was Konstantinos Karamanlis and his newly formed conservative party, ND (New Democracy, Νέα Δημοκρατία). Karamanlis had already formed a government of national unity just after the fall of the dictatorship. The second biggest party was the centrist Center Union - New Forces (Ένωσις Κέντρου-Νέες Δυνάμεις). Third power in the Parliament became the newly formed PASOK (Panhellenic Sosialist Movement, Πανελλήνιο Σοσιαλιστικό Κίνημα), a radical socialist party led by Andreas Papandreou, son of the former prime minister Georgios Papandreou.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
New Democracy (ND) 2,669,133 54.4 220
Centre Union – New Forces (EK-ND) 1,002,559 20.4 60
Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) 666,413 13.6 12
United Left (EA) 464,787 9.5 8
National Democratic Union (EDE) 52,768 1.1 0
Democratic Centre Union (DEK) 8,509 0.2 0
Revolutionary Communist Movement of Greece (EKKE) 1,599 0.0 0
Coalition Liberal Democratic Union-Socialist Party of Greece (FDE-SKE) 975 0.0 0
List of Independents and independents 42,291 0.9 0
Invalid/blank votes 54,584
Total 4,963,558 100 300
Registered voters/turnout 6,241,066 79.5
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
ND
54.37%
EK-ND
20.42%
PASOK
13.58%
EA
9.47%
EDE
1.08%
Others
1.09%
Parliament seats
ND
73.33%
EK-ND
20.00%
PASOK
4.00%
EA
2.67%
  EA: 8 seats
  PASOK: 12 seats
  EK-ND: 60 seats
  ND: 220 seats

Aftermath[edit]

The priorities of the Karamanlis' government were:

  • The adoption of a new Constitution
  • The abolition of Monarchy after a free referendum
  • The submission of a new application for Greece's accession to the European Community.

The new government decided to hold a referendum on retaining the republic. It was held on 8 December 1974.

In 1975 Konstantinos Tsatsos, a close friend of Karamanlis, was elected President of the Republic by the Greek Parliament.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p830 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7

Further reading[edit]

  • Tridimas, George (2010). "Referendum and the choice between monarchy and republic in Greece". Constitutional Political Economy. 21 (2): 119–144. doi:10.1007/s10602-009-9078-4.