Greeley, Colorado: Difference between revisions

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*[[Tom Runnells]], former manager of the Montreal Expos
 
*[[Tom Runnells]], former manager of the Montreal Expos
 
*[[Jay Shaeffer]], chess champ
 
*[[Jay Shaeffer]], chess champ
*[[Michael White (playwright)|Michael White]], Off-Broadway Playwright
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*[[Michael White..sucks (playwright)|Michael White]], Off-Broadway Playwright
 
*[[Connie Willis]], Science Fiction Author
 
*[[Connie Willis]], Science Fiction Author
 
*[[Dee Bradley Baker]], voice actor
 
*[[Dee Bradley Baker]], voice actor
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*[[Matthew Sanchez]], Amazing at Guitar Hero
   
 
==References ==
 
==References ==

Revision as of 05:41, 7 March 2008

City of Greeley, Colorado
City
Location in Weld County and the State of Colorado
Location in Weld County and the State of Colorado
Country  United States
State  State of Colorado
County Weld County Seat[1]
Founded 1869
Incorporated 1885-11-15[2]
Named for Horace Greeley
Government
 • Type Home Rule Municipality[1]
Area
 • Total 30 sq mi (77.7 km2)
 • Land 29.9 sq mi (77.5 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 4,658 ft (1,420 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 76,930
 • Density 2,564.3/sq mi (990.1/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes[3] 80631-80634 & 80638-80639
Area code(s) 970
FIPS code 08-32155
GNIS feature ID 0180649
Highways US 34.svgUS 85.svgColorado 257.svgColorado 263.svgColorado 392.svg
Website City of Greeley
Twelfth most populous Colorado city

The City of Greeley is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous city of Weld County, Colorado, United States.Template:GR Greeley is situated 49 miles (79 km) north-northeast of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 87,596.[4] Greeley is the 12th most populous city in the State of Colorado and the most populous city of Weld County.

Geography

Greeley is located at 40°24′54″N 104°43′26″W / 40.41500°N 104.72389°W / 40.41500; -104.72389Invalid arguments have been passed to the {{#coordinates:}} function (40.415119, -104.723988)Template:GR. Elevation above sea level is 4,658 feet.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.0 square miles (77.7 km²), of which, 29.9 square miles (77.4 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.30%) is water.

Greeley is bordered on the south by the towns of Evans and Garden City, and the three together are often collectively (although incorrectly) referred to as "Greeley." The Greeley/Evans area is bounded on the south by the South Platte River, and the Cache la Poudre River flows through north Greeley. The intersection of US Highways 85 and 34 is often cited as the location of Greeley, although the actual point of intersection lies within the city limits of Evans. Greeley contains the western terminus of Colorado State Highway 263 and borders Colorado State Highway 392 on the north.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there were 76,930 people, 27,647 households, and 17,694 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,572.5 people per square mile (993.4/km²). There were 28,972 housing units at an average density of 968.8/sq mi (374.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.4% White, 0.87% African American, 0.83% Native American, 1.15% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 13.77% from other races, and 2.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 29.49% of the population.

There were 27,647 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 19.0% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,414, and the median income for a family was $45,904. Males had a median income of $32,800 versus $24,691 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,775. About 10.1% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.

History

Latham

Greeley is located in (or just west of) the area previously occupied by the Overland Trail station of Latham (originally called the Cherokee City Station). The Latham station (also known as Fort Latham) was built in 1862 and named in honor of Milton S. Latham, one of California's early senators. The stagecoach station was at the confluence of the South Platte River and the Cache la Poudre River. The web site www.Over-Land.com describes it as "probably the most important and busiest facility on the Overland Trail" (since it was a river crossing and a junction point for the spur of the Trail south to Denver). It is believed that here occurred the birth of the first white child born in Colorado, a girl. Fort Latham was the headquarters of the government troops during the Indian troubles of 1860-64 and the county seat (the post office being called Latham).

Union Colony

Main Article: Union Colony of Colorado

Greeley began as the Union Colony, which was founded in 1869 as an experimental utopian community of "high moral standards" by Nathan C. Meeker, a newspaper reporter from New York City. Meeker purchased a site at the confluence of the Cache la Poudre and South Platte Rivers (that included the area of Latham, an Overland Trail station), halfway between Cheyenne and Denver along the tracks of the Denver Pacific Railroad formerly known as the "Island Grove Ranch." The name Union Colony was later changed to Greeley in honor of Horace Greeley, who was Meeker's editor at the New York Tribune, and popularized the phrase "Go West, young man".

Egyptian Islamist Sayyid Qutb studied at the Colorado State College of Education (now the University of Northern Colorado) in 1949. In The America I Have Seen (1951), he portrays Greeley as a hotbed of debauchery, rife with "naked legs" and "animal-like" mixing of the sexes.[1][2]

Climate and vegetation

Average & record temperatures in Greeley

Greeley lies within an arid swath of land in the rainshadow of the Rocky Mountains. Its Köppen climate classification is BSk, or semi-arid steppe, and it is within the 5a hardiness zone. On average, Greeley receives the liquid equivalent of approximately 13 inches (33 cm) of precipitation each year, although in recent years the actual totals have been lower due to a widespread drought affecting the western United States. Precipitation is generally in the form of rain from May to September and snow from November to March, although snow has been witnessed in recent years as late as May 21 (2001) and as early as September 10 (1993). The snowiest month in Greeley is usually March, but the heaviest single-storm snowfalls occur in the autumn months. Greeley residents can expect a two-foot snowstorm approximately once every 10 to 15 years, with the most recent occurring in December of 2006.

High temperatures are generally around 90°F (32°C) in the summer and 40°F (4°C) in the winter, although there is significant variation. The hottest days generally occur around the third week of July and the coldest in January. Nighttime lows are near 60°F (16°C) in the summer and around 15°F (-9°C) in the winter. Record high temperatures of 104°F (40°C) have been recorded, as have record low temperatures of -25°F (-32°C). The first freeze typically occurs around October 10 and the last can be as late as May 1. Extratropical cyclones which disrupt the weather for the eastern two-thirds of the US often originate in or near Colorado, which means Greeley does not experience many fully developed storm systems. Warm fronts, sleet, and freezing rain are practically non-existent here. In addition, the city's proximity to the Rocky Mountains and low elevation compared to the surrounding terrain result in less precipitation and fewer thunderstorms and tornadoes than areas immediately adjacent. This is paradoxical, because adjacent areas (mostly farmland) experience between 7 and 9 hail days per year and one of the highest concentrations of tornadic activity anywhere. The area where Colorado, Nebraska and Wyoming meet receives the most hail of any location in the United States [3].

Some days in the winter and spring can be warm and extremely dry, with Chinook winds often raising temperatures to near 70°F (21°C) in January and February, and sometimes to near 90°F (32°C) in April. Greeley's low year-round humidity means that nighttime low temperatures are practically never above 68°F (20°C), even in the very hottest part of the summer. The diurnal temperature range is usually rather wide, with a 50-degree (Fahrenheit) difference between daytime high and nighttime low not uncommon, especially in the spring and fall months. Rapid fluctuation in temperature is also common – a sunny 80°F (27°C) October afternoon can easily give way to a 28°F (-2°C) blizzard within 12 hours.

Natural vegetation compared with Greeley's tree-lined streets

In spite of its aridity, Greeley was awarded Tree City USA designation by the National Arbor Day Foundation in 1980, and many of its streets are lined with large trees. This was originally made possible by Greeley's extensive irrigation system; very few trees are actually native to the area. Some of the most common trees and shrubs in Greeley are green ash (fraxinus pennsylvanica), honey locust (gleditsia triacanthos), elms, cottonwoods, sumacs, lindens, pines, blue spruce (picea pungens), apples & crabapples, common lilac (syringa vulgaris), catalpa (catalpa bignonioides), Russian olive (elaeagnus angustifolia), black walnut (juglans nigra L.), and junipers. Other more exotic specimens are also grown, such as golden rain tree (koelreuteria paniculata) and star magnolia (magnolia stellata). Some fruit trees can be grown, although their use is usually ornamental. Some of these include apples, pears (especially callery pears), several varieties of plums, and sour cherries. Peach and apricot trees can be grown, but do not often produce fruit, owing to the frequency of early warm weather followed by late-season freezes.

Schools

Greeley's public schools lie in Weld County School District 6. Weld 6 consists of 17 elementary schools (Cameron, Centennial, Chappelow, Dos Rios, East Memorial, Heiman, Jackson, Jefferson, S. Christa McAuliffe, Madison, Billie Martinez, Meeker, Monfort, Romero, Scott, Shawsheen, Winograd), 5 middle schools (Brentwood, Franklin, Heath, John Evans, Maplewood), and 3 high schools (Greeley Central, Greeley West, Northridge). There are also 3 charter schools (University Schools, Frontier Academy, Union Colony Preparatory School).

There are at least five private schools inside the Greeley city limits: Trinity Lutheran School, St. Mary Catholic School, Dayspring Christian School, Shepherd of the Hills, and Mountain View Academy.

Greeley is also home to Aims Community College and the University of Northern Colorado.

Greeley in the news

On December 12, 2006 the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (I.C.E) staged a coordinated predawn raid at the Swift & Co meat packing plant in Greeley and at 5 other Swift plants in western states, interviewing workers and hauling hundreds off in buses.[5]

Greeley was featured in the books Fast Food Nation and Chew on This by Eric Schlosser.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities" (HTML). State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  2. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations" (HTML). State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup" (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. Retrieved September 24.  Unknown parameter |accessyear= ignored (|access-date= suggested) (help); Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Colorado" (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. June 21 2006.  Unknown parameter |accessyear= ignored (|access-date= suggested) (help); Unknown parameter |accessmonthday= ignored (help); Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ "U.S. Raids 6 Meat Plants in ID Case", article New York Times by Julia Preston, December 13, 2006

Ryan Foose- champion disc golfer

External links

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