Green acouchi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Green Acouchi)
Jump to: navigation, search
Green acouchi
Myoprocta pratti.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Dasyproctidae
Genus: Myoprocta
Species: M. pratti
Binomial name
Myoprocta pratti
Pocock, 1913

The green acouchi (Myoprocta pratti) is a species of rodent in the acouchi genus, part of the family Dasyproctidae, from South America. Its distribution is in western Amazonia, west of the Rios Negro and Madeira, in northwestern Brazil, northeastern Peru, eastern Ecuador, southeastern Colombia, and southern Venezuela. There is substantial variation within this range, and the Green Acouchi, as currently recognized, may contain more than one species. Because the application of the scientific name acouchy, currently in use for the Red Acouchi, has historically been disputed, the name Myoprocta acouchy has sometimes been used for this species instead of Myoprocta pratti.[2] The species is named for Antwerp Edgar Pratt who was a British naturalist.[3]

Description[edit]

An adult green acouchi weighs around 1 kilogram[4] and has a short tail.[4] The acouchi is a frugivore[5] and so is prone to the dental disease caries.[5]

Behavior[edit]

Green acouchis are diurnal, surface dwelling rodents and have a complex array of behavior patterns relating to social interaction.[6] In addition, they are food hoarders, employing a scatter hoarding strategy.[6]

Reproduction[edit]

Female acouchis have an average oestrus cycle length of around 43 days[7] and have a set breeding season between autumn-spring with a 99-day gestation.[7] Females produce small litters of relatively precocial young,[8] mothers produce a 'purring' vocalisation to maintain contact with young.[8] Unusually pregnant acouchis do not specifically nest build but will instead choose a preferred nest site for the first week of lactation.[8] Mothers can become very aggressive after parturition and raise their litters in isolation;[8] weaning is extended and young remain with the mother for several weeks or months post-weaning to benefit from the mother's protection.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Catzeflis, F., Weksler, M. & Bonvicino, C. 2008. Myoprocta pratti. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. Downloaded on 31 March 2015.
  2. ^ Voss, R.S., Lunde, D.P. and Simmons, N.B. 2001. Mammals of Paracou, French Guiana: a Neotropical lowland rainforest fauna. Part 2. Nonvolant species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 263:1-236.
  3. ^ Bo Beolens; Michael Watkins; Michael Grayson (7 October 2009). The Eponym Dictionary of Mammals. JHU Press. pp. 328–. ISBN 978-0-8018-9533-3. 
  4. ^ a b Weir, B.J. (1967). "The care and management of laboratory hystricomorph rodents". Lab Anim. 1: 95–104. 
  5. ^ a b Sone, K.; Koyasu, K.; Tanaka, S.; Oda, S. (2005). "Effects of diet on the incidence of dental pathology in free living caviomorph rodents". Oral Biology. 50: 323–331. doi:10.1016/j.archoralbio.2004.09.010. 
  6. ^ a b Morris, D. (1962). "The behaviour of the green acouchi (Myoprocta pratti) with special reference to scatter hoarding". Proc. Zool. Soc. London. 139: 701–732. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1962.tb01601.x. 
  7. ^ a b Weir, B.J. (1971). "Some observations on reproduction in the female green acouchi, Myoprocta pratti". Journal of Reproduction and Fertility. 24: 193–201. doi:10.1530/jrf.0.0240193. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Kleiman, D.G. (1972). "Maternal behaviour of the Green acouchi (Mycoprocta pratti Pocock), a South American caviomorph rodent". Behaviour. 43: 48–84. doi:10.1163/156853973X00472.