Green Bay Trail
Green Bay Trail
|Trailheads||Wilmette, Kenilworth, Indian Hill, Winnetka, Hubbard Woods, Glencoe, Braeside, Ravinia, Highland Park|
|Use||Bike, Inline Skating, Walking, Cross Country Skiing|
|Difficulty||Easy, level, ADA accessible|
|Surface||Asphalt, Crushed Stone, Concrete|
|Hours||Dawn to dusk, year-around|
|Amenities||Benches, Picnic Facilities, Bathrooms, Parking, Water Fountains, Play Structures, Restaurants, Metra Train Stations, Art|
|Bathrooms||Highland Park, Ravinia, Glencoe, Winnetka, Kenilworth, and Wilmette Metra Stations|
The Green Bay Trail is currently a rails with trails built on the former Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad. It runs parallel to the Metra North Line for nearly nine miles between from Wilmette, IL to Highland Park, IL. It was originally a path used by various users between the Chicago, IL area and the Green Bay, WI area.
The Green Bay Trail has historical significance dating back nearly 12,000 years, when it is presumed that woolly mammoths traveled along it for migration during the Ice Age. This migration made it a destination for hunters of the time who also used to trail their prey. Following the Ice Age, the trail has little confirmed history until the 1600s when French explorers Joliet and Marquette used it in their explorations of the Americas. Prior to that it has been assumed that the trail was used by American Indians for hunting and trading. The American Indian tribe that most likely used the trail was the Potawatomi, who may have used it until the early 1900s. In the beginning of the 1800s, when early settlers moved West towards Chicago, the trail served as a mail route between Fort Dearborn, Chicago, Illinois and Fort Howard, Green Bay, Wisconsin. In 1832, the trail became an official post road by an Act of Congress. In 1836, the trail hosted its first stagecoach service between Chicago and Green Bay.
The trail began its modern-day service in 1836 when stagecoaches were used to carry passengers from Chicago to Green Bay with intermediate stops. It runs along the track bed of the former Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad, which runs parallel to the Union Pacific (then the Chicago & Northwestern) North Line. The Shore Line was abandoned in 1955; the right-of-way was then leased to the Green Bay Trail Committee for development.
Design and construction
Most of the rail trail is paved except for one portion between Glencoe and Braeside, which is crushed stone. Running parallel to the Metra North Line, riders can access the train directly from the trail at the following Metra stops: Highland Park, Ravinia, Braeside, Glencoe, Hubbard Woods, Winnetka, Indian Hill, Kenilworth, and Wilmette. The trail is wheel-chair accessible. There is also an elevator at Winnetka Station that allows access to the trail. For the most part the trail follows a designated path except in Kenilworth where it runs along Abbotsford road. In Glencoe, the trail also runs along Old Green Bay Road for less than one mile. The work of local landscape architect Jens Jensen can also be seen at various points throughout the trail. In August 2014 a crossover trail was installed running westward along Lake-Cook road to connect to the North Branch Trail.
The trail has parking at every trail head, which is also at every Metra station. It also has picnic areas in Shelton Park in Glencoe and in other community park areas in Winnetka and Kenilworth. Attractively designed benches are strategically placed for resting. In Highland Park, the trail travels through the site of the Ravinia Festival, the oldest outdoor music festival in the U.S. There are no bathrooms on the trail itself, as a result, many people, especially children and teenagers, urinate on the side of the trail.
The Green Bay Trail is currently managed by each respective town that it runs through. However, when the trail opened in the 1960s, it was managed by The Green Bay Trail Committee. Volunteer beautifying projects including flower and vegetable gardens alongside the trail are also popular.