|Genre||Biblical manuscripts and related artifacts|
|Location(s)||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|
|Patron(s)||Steve Green, president of Hobby Lobby|
The Green Collection is the world’s largest private collection of rare biblical texts and artifacts, made up of more than 40,000 biblical antiquities assembled by the Green family, founders of national retail chain Hobby Lobby.
The collection is named for the Green family, founders and leaders of Hobby Lobby, the world’s largest privately owned arts and crafts retailer. The collection was assembled beginning in November 2009 by its original director, ancient/medieval manuscript specialist Scott Carroll, in cooperation with Steve Green, president of Hobby Lobby and the collection's benefactor.
The capstone of The Green Collection is the Codex Climaci Rescriptus, known as Uncial 0250 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering); which is a palimpsest whose underwriting includes pages from a Greek uncial manuscript of the New Testament, as well as pages from a Christian Palestinian Aramaic uncial manuscript of the Old and New Testament. Paleographically the Greek section has been assigned to the 8th century (or 7th century), and the Christian Palestinian Aramaic section to the 6th century.
Other items in The Green Collection include:
- The second-largest private collection of Dead Sea Scrolls, all of which are unpublished
- The world’s largest private collection of Jewish scrolls, including Torahs that survived the Spanish Inquisition, scrolls confiscated by the Nazis and recovered in concentration camps and others from across the globe
- One of the world’s largest holdings of unpublished biblical and classical papyri, including texts that date back to the lost Library of Alexandria
- Rare illuminated manuscripts and previously unknown biblical texts and commentaries
- The earliest-known, near-complete translation of the Psalms in Middle English, including the Canticles and commentary predating Wycliffe’s translation
- An undocumented copy of Wycliffe’s New Testament in Middle English
- Some of the earliest printed texts, including a large portion of the Gutenberg Bible and the world’s only complete Block Bible in private hands
- Early tracts and Bibles belonging to Martin Luther, including a little-known letter written the night before his excommunication
- An undocumented fragment of the Tyndale New Testament, published while he awaited execution
- Numerous items illustrating the contribution of Jews and Catholics to the King James translation of the Bible and other historical artifacts
In 2015 questions were raised about the provenance of some articles in the collection when The Daily Beast ran a story about two or three hundred cuneiform tablets purchased form an Israeli antiquities dealer and confiscated by U.S. Customs when they were being shipped to the Green collection storage facility in Oklahoma City in 2011. As of 2015, the tablets remained impounded as a legal dispute regarding the possible illegal purchase of antiquities removed from a conflict zone (Mesopotamia) proceeds.
Book of Books
On October 23, 2013, a special exhibition drawn from the Green collection, Book of Books, opened at the Bible Lands Museum in Jerusalem, Israel. It will be in Jerusalem until May 24, 2014. It then will become part of the permanent exhibition in the new museum.
Verbum Domini Exhibit
Select items from Passages, The Green Collection and items on loan from other private collections around the world were displayed in St. Peter's Square, Vatican City, for Lent and Easter 2012, highlighting the Jewish and Christian contributions to the formation and preservation of the Bible. American Bible Society and the Vatican Library supported this endeavor.
Passages, a traveling exhibition featuring select items from The Green Collection that tell the story of the English Bible, was announced to a gathering of business, government, academic and religious leaders at the Vatican Embassy in Washington, D.C. on March 31, 2011. Passages made its worldwide debut at the Oklahoma City Museum of Art in Oklahoma City—home to Hobby Lobby’s headquarters—in May 2011. The exhibit was eventually seen by more than 63,000 people in Oklahoma's capital city.
Visitors to Passages interact with more than 400 rare biblical texts, artifacts and discoveries through multimedia and historical settings in an 30,000-square-foot (2,800 m2) exhibit designed to tell the story of how today's Bible came to be.
"Passages" Exhibition Schedule
- Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma – May 16, 2011 - October 16, 2011
- Atlanta, Georgia – November 17, 2011 - mid-May 2012
- Charlotte, North Carolina – September 19, 2012 - March 2013
- Colorado Springs, Colorado – Spring 2013 - March 2014
- Springfield, Missouri – April 2014 - January 2015
- Santa Clarita, California – April 2015 - February 2016
Portions of Passages and The Green Collection have also been on display on various college and university campuses throughout its worldwide tour, including Baylor University for its conference on "The King James Bible and the World It Made, 1611-2011" in April 2011, Liberty University in September 2011 and Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary in February 2012. Items from The Green Collection appeared at a series of conferences in West Africa in September 2011.
In honor of the Pope's September 2015 visit to Philadelphia, the Museum of the Bible will sponsor a special exhibition entitled, "Verbum Domini II,"at the Philadelphia Convention Center adjacent to the World Meeting.
Green Scholars Initiative
Formed in the summer of 2010, the Green Scholars Initiative provides university mentors and student scholars at participating institutions with research opportunities on items from The Green Collection.
Academics and textual experts participating in the Green Scholars Initiative include:
- Mariam Ayad, University of Memphis: Lead Mentor-Scholar, Papyri Project and Egyptian and Coptic Texts
- Gordon Campbell, University of Leicester: Co-Senior Scholar, King James Version Project
- Robert Duke, Azusa Pacific University: Scholar of Hebrew Texts
- Jeffrey Fish, Baylor University: Scholar of Greek Texts
- Ralph Hanna, University of Oxford: Senior Scholar, Richard Rolle Project
- David Lyle Jeffrey, Baylor University: Senior Scholar, Christian Tradition and Spirituality
- Alister McGrath, University of Cambridge: Senior Scholar, KJV Critical Text Project
- Curt Niccum, Abilene Christian University: Distinguished Scholar of Ethiopic Texts
- Dirk Obbink, University of Oxford: Senior Scholar, Papyri and Codex Climaci Rescriptus Projects
- Thomas Oden, Drew University: Senior Scholar, African Texts
- David Riggs, Indiana Wesleyan University: Distinguished Scholar of Latin Texts
- Marcel Sigrist, École Biblique: Senior Scholar, Cuneiform
- Daniel B. Wallace, Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts, and Dallas Theological Seminary Mentor-Scholar:
- Peter Williams, University of Cambridge: Scholar of Aramaic Texts
- Benno van den Toren, University of Oxford: Distinguished Scholar of Dutch Texts
Museum of the Bible
In 2012, Steve Green announced his family's intention to open a permanent institution, which he claimed would be a scholarly museum, not an evangelistic outreach ministry, within the next four years to house The Green Collection. The mission statement of the museum, however, as found in its 501(c)3 tax filings for 2011, the most recent year available, is "To bring to life the living Word of God, to tell its compelling story of preservation, and to inspire confidence in the absolute authority and reliability of the Bible." More recently, Green told a press conference that the Museum will focus on the Bible’s impact, history and narrative, explaining that while he might hope that the museum would bring people to Christianity, the museum is not created as a tool of evangelizing, “We’re not discussing a lot of particulars of the book. It’s more of a high-level discussion of here’s this book, what is its history and impact and what is its story."
In July 2012, The Green Collection announced the purchase of the building housing the Washington Design Center in D.C., for a reported $50 million, to house the as-yet-unnamed national Bible museum. The building is located two blocks from the National Mall at 300 D. Street SW, near the Federal Center SW Metro station. The museum will reportedly charge admission, as do other private museums in Washington, such as the National Building Museum, the International Spy Museum, and the Newseum.
- LaMonica, Gabe (April 5, 2011). "Eyeing a national museum, a collector’s Bibles hits the road". CNN. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- Grossman, Cathy Lynn (April 4, 2011). "High-tech museum to take scholarly view of Bible". USA Today. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- Niemi, Carol (December 6, 2011). "‘Passages’ features rarest Bible artifacts in six-month run here". USA Today. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- Sheir, Rebecca. "D.C. Bible Museum Will Be Immersive Experience, Organizers Say". NPR. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- O'Connell, Jonathan (12 February 2015). "Even non-believers may want to visit the $400 million Museum of the Bible". Washington Post. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- Parker, Loanne (28 March 2014). "Which Museums Show Real Promise?". Washington Post. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- Fabrikant, Geraldine (June 11, 2010). "Craft Shop Family Buys Up Ancient Bibles for Museum". New York Times. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- "Bible Collection Goes on Tour". August 19, 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- "Green Collection boasts rare Bibles and more". USA Today. April 4, 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- Vikan, Gary (30 October 2015). "Probe of Steve Green’s antiquities may be inevitable; his response is not". Religion News Service. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- "‘Book of Books’ traces history of the Bible; An exhibit about Judaism and Christianity’s connection premieres at the Bible Lands Museum," Benji Rosen, Jerusalem Post,  
- Belz, Emily (April 1, 2011). "'Love of the book'". World Magazine. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- Hinton, Carla (April 3, 2011). "OKC family’s exhibit’s collaboration with Vatican adds worldwide appeal". The Oklahoman. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- "Large Bible collection is premiered". Christian Retailing. March 31, 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- Lackmeyer, Steve (April 3, 2011). "Passages exhibit expected to bring thousands downtown". The Oklahoman. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- Ruggieri, Melissa (December 8, 2011). "'Passages' seeks to biblically enlighten". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- McDonnell, Brandy (April 3, 2011). ""Passages" designed to bring interactive, all-ages experience to OKC Museum of Art". The Oklahoman. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- Wilson, Karen (September 22, 2012). "Exhibit's rare artifacts help tell story of the Bible". Independent Tribune. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
- LeBlanc, Matthew (April 6, 2011). "Rare, priceless Bibles on display at Baylor". KYTX-CBS19. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- Mardirosian, Jade (April 7, 2011). "Exhibit celebrates 400 years of famous Bible text". The Baylor Lariat. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- "Rare, ancient manuscripts on display in Art Gallery". September 29, 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
- "Traveling Exhibit of Biblical Manuscripts Coming to Gordon-Conwell". December 14, 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
- Samba, Augustine (September 20, 2011). "In Sierra Leone, Christians to Showcase 2000 Years Artefacts". Awareness Times. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- O'Reilly, David (12 August 2015). "Exhibit of historic bibles, artifacts to precede pope's visit". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- Tunney, Kelly (March 28, 2011). "Students to publish ancient text through Green Scholars Initiative". Kent Wired. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- Brinkman, Lillie-Beth (April 3, 2011). "New discoveries may await in study of Green Collection of ancient biblical texts". The Oklahoman. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- "Scholars & Staff". Green Scholars Initiative. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
- Caplan-Bricker, Nora (March 25, 2014). "The Hobby Lobby President Is Also Building a Bible Museum for Over $70 Million". New Republic. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- Banks, Adelle M. (July 10, 2012). "Bible museum planned for Washington, D.C.". Washington Post. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- Banks, Adelle M. (July 28, 2012). "Washington D.C.: Bible Museum Closes $50 Million Deal For Spot Near National Mall". Religion News Service. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
- Sernovitz, Daniel (July 20, 2012). "Museum makes a divine acquisition". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
- Joynt, Carol Ross (July 31, 2012). "The Museum of the Bible to Replace the Washington Design Center". Washingtonian. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- Beermann, Judith (July 30, 2012). "Divine Decor to Divine Inspiration: WDC Becomes Bible Museum". The Georgetown Dish. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
- McKay, Dominique (September 19, 2012). "D.C. Bible Museum Near National Mall Will Charge Admission". Roll Call. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
- DPA (13 February 2015). "Private Bible museum to be built in heart of Washington, D.C.". Haaretz. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- David Ferguson (July 17, 2014). "Hobby Lobby family: Our $800m D.C. Bible museum will save U.S. from ‘very scary’ future". RawStory.com. Retrieved 2014-07-17.